BOOM TO BUST:
UNIT 4 LESSON 3 NOTES 1
WHAT YOU WILL
The government policies of the 1920s supported a “hands off”
approach to the economy
This resulted in an economic situation that required more
government involved policies in the 1930s
Prohibition and women’s suffrage were major social and political
issues of the 1920s and 1930s
After World War 1, the United States decided, for the time being,
to stay out of the affairs of other countries and maintained an
isolationist foreign policy.
Since the middle of the 1800s, women had been joining together
protesting for equal rights and the ability to vote.
America was busy celebrating the end of WWI, so life seemed like
a party, but there were many who didn’t agree with the rebellious
nature of the younger generation.
The Boom of the 1920’s lead to the Bust of the 1930’s, many
Americans were left with nothing and were struggling to survive.
In 1929, President Hoover, a member of the Republican political
party, was elected president.
He was the president when Black Friday occurred, followed by the
Hoover had a laissez-faire attitude toward the country’s
economics. This meant that he believed in letting things take their
own course, without interfering.
In other words Hoover had a “Hands Off” attitude.
In 1933 a Democratic President was voted into office, Frederick
Delano Roosevelt, also know as FDR.
President Roosevelt’s philosophy was “The worst is past us;
prosperity is around the corner!”
President Roosevelt believed that the country should help the
citizens who were suffering due to unemployment and the loss of
homes, money and possessions.
The New Deal was an economic program implemented (say
aloud, or started) by FDR to help the country pull out of the Great
BASICS OF THE NEW
• Government took more of a responsibility in the economy
• The New Deal provided large sums of money for direct
payments to needy citizens through grants (free money)
to the states.
• FDR’s program also established new agencies to create
government-sponsored work for the unemployed
(building construction, forestry labor, flood control
• Social Security Act: federal guaranteed payment towards
citizens who retired at or after age 65.
When the United States Constitution was written, only white men
had the right to vote. Women were not allowed to vote under the
Women also did not have many other rights: such as the right to
own property or to be educated for certain jobs.
Women’s Suffrage was a reform movement aimed at giving
women the right to vote.
The 19th Amendment was passed by Congress in 1919, and
became law in 1920.
- Gave women the right to vote
- “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not
be denied or abridged by the United States or by
any state on account of sex.”
THE LIFE OF WOMEN IN
THE 1920’S AND 1930’S
Many more women join the workforce
Many people still believed a woman's place was in the home
Most women found it difficult to find work except as a teacher or secretary
Some women were adventurous and became Flappers, a nickname given
to modern and rebellious women during the 1920’s.
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The 18th Amendment was added to the Constitution in 1920.
This amendment outlawed the selling, making, and/or transporting
alcohol in the United States.
Speakeasies were popular but illegal liquor-serving bars where
you had to give a password to enter, hence the name.
Crime began to increase, and the number of gangsters increased
who illegally sold alcohol.
The 18th Amendment was finally repealed (say aloud, or reversed)
in 1933 because prohibition proved to cause many problems for
The United States’ decided to pull back from involvement in
foreign economics or politics
The government began to practice Isolationism. Isolationism is a
government’s policy to avoid political or economic agreements
with other countries so the country stays “isolated” from other
The Isolationist policy was a result of the Great Depression and
the memory of tragic losses in World War I.
In the 1920s the government believed in a “hands off” approach to
As a result of the Bust, it was obvious that the government had to
get involved economically, this lead to the reform polices of the
Prohibition and women’s suffrage became significant political
issues during this era.
As a result of WWI, the United States believed it was best to not
interfere with the affairs of other countries.