Transcript PPP Project

By Azuhura
Chile, Temuco – Valdivia.
My job is to predict,
prepare and protect the
people of Chile from any
posible hazards that
might occur.
This is a
Chile is in
The plate boundaries that are involved, are the
South American Plate and Nazca Plate. In the
early 20th Century Alfred Wegener came up with a
theory that the land masses we see today were
once all together. A “Supercontinent” or Pangaea
but as the years went, the landmasses started
separating by something called Plate Tectonic and
creating new land forms. South America moved
from being connected with Africa to being
connected with North America. Using a
convergent boundary, The Nazca plate and the
South America Plate created 620 active volcanoes
called the Andes.
This dot shows
the boundary of
South America
and Nazca
The dot
shows you
were my two
are and what
type they are.
These ones
This picture shows what type of margin
each contitnet is. Whether it is
convergent, divergent or conservative
With Global Warming, almost every country has
been devastated with weather or seasonal change
that they were unprepared for; Chile get mid
winters and a larger amount of rain in summer.
Chile’s climate is a Mediterranean climate and
they should not be getting larger amounts of rain
in summer. This is caused by El Nino. El Nino is a
temporary change in climate of the Pacific Ocean.
(Pierce, W.David)5
Chile is not a poor country but it is not in the high
ranking countries like The Untied States of
America or Switzerland but it is not in the third
world countries like India and Ethiopia. It has a
stable economy.
This is a picture of
how many people are
inhabited in South
America and North
America. In some
parts Chile has less
than 1 person
inhabitant and in other
part 100 to 1000
inhabitant. Even 1000
and more. This shows
how developed Chile
is when it comes to its
Earthquakes, Flash Floods, Tsunamis, Fires, Volcanic
eruption these natural hazards have all hit Chile. (People and
Places.)3 An earthquake with a measured magnitude of 9.5 on
the Richter scale had struck Chile in May 22, 1960 which
triggered a tsunami that spread and hit every country and
island on the Pacific ocean region causing 2,300 deaths.
(“Natural Diseater Quiz.”)16 With 620 volcanoes in that area, Chile
cannot afford too have too many earthquake disrupting and
shaking up the already active volcanoes. (“Major Peruvian Earthquake.”)4
If the earthquakes do erupt the volcanoes the Chilean
government will not be able to help its people for at least 20
years or more because they might have a stable economy
but that stable economy will fall and they won’t have money
to help the victims of the eruption of 620 volcanoes.
The prediction of an earthquake is very difficult,
(Bushell, Tony & Waugh David) close to impossible but scientist are
trying by putting movement sensitive instruments
like laser beams to measure plate movement.(Bushell,
Tony & Waugh David) 8
Secure or repair any damaged gas lines and your
electrical wires have to be check and secured.
Also insert flexible pipe fittings to avoid leakages.
Secure you fridge and heater by bolting them
down or by tying it to the floor. Also
Store all your breakable items like glass and
computers in boxes and then put them in a closet
that has a key lock door or a low shelved kitchen
cabinet that shuts tight.
An animation of a
man bolting down
his furniture.
“Anchor overhead lighting fixtures.”
Be sure to check that the house, apartment,
buildings are tightly attached to the foundation.
Find a safe spot in every room whether it is under
a bolted table or against an inside wall.
Emphasize this rule at every earthquake drill. If
you live in an apartment DO NOT use the elevator.
Remember when an earthquake hits you must:
Drop, cover and hold on!
(“Are You Ready.”)
(“Are You Ready.”)
An animation of a
man check the
foundation of his
When Building builds in an earthquake zone they
should not collapse but can absorb the shock
instead and protect whoever is inside.
 Having the building have a weight on top to plant
the building in its foundation.
 Or having the building have a weight on top to
push the building the opposite direction of the
 The buildings should have large rubber shock
absorbers to absorb the shocks during the
earthquake and the aftershock that can
materialize. (Bushell, Tony & Waugh David)
This is the
example of a
The crossbracings on the
build give it the
possibility of
twist. (Bushell, Tony &
The top of the
pyramid is a
weight. It is
controlled by
a computer
that moves
the whole
building the
direction of
(Bushell, Tony &
Waugh David)
Waugh David)
When you are at home:
A. You should stay inside, (“Are You Ready.”)
B. You go out to the street, (“Are You Ready.”)
C. You go to the window to see the earthquake damage your
Hint: Why bolt down your house if you are going to go outside
A- Stay inside
On the upper floor of an apartment building:
A. Take the elevator to the ground floor as quickly as
possible, (“Are You Ready.”)
B. Stay in an interior room under a desk or table, (“Are You
C. Go to your kitchen and gather all the food you can
before taking cover.
B-Stay in an interior room under a desk or
A. You run into the nearest building, (“Are You Ready.”)
B. You stay outside away from buildings and street
lights and utility wires, (“Are You Ready.”)9
C. Run to the nearest McDonald so that you can get
food and coverage.
Utility wires
C. Run to the nearest McDonald so that you can get
food and coverage.
B. You stay outside away from buildings and
street lights and utility wires,
This is a video from National Geographics
showing what happened during a earthquake in
California and the after math of an earthquake in
This video is also from National Geographic and
it talks about earthquakes.
(9) ‘‘Are You Ready.’’ 4/11/09. FEMA. 30/11/09.
(8) Bushell, Tony & Waugh David. New Interactions. Untied Kingdom: Nelson Thornes Ltd,
(4) “Major Peruvian Earthquake.” 25/11/09. MCEER.
(3) People and Places. Vol.1. Chicago: World Book Inc, 2000. 232-233.
(5) Pierce, W. David. “Experimental Climate Prediction Center.” 25 June. 1997. Scripps
Institution of Oceanography. <>
(11) The Peters World Atlas. Oxford: New Internationalist, 2002.
(16) “Natural Disaster Quiz.” National Geography. 11/12/09.
(15) <>