Transcript Nov 24

• Medieval distrust.
• Judaism identified with an obsolete way of
• Promise of wealth, equality
– Many people suffer under capitalist dream.
– Judaism identified with ill-gotten gains.
National states
Global economy
• Fear of loss of control over one’s destiny
• Jews and “Jewish banking conspiracy” a
ready made scapegoat.
• Fears Jews are “taking over the world”
“Victory of Judaism over Germanism”
Wilhelm Marr, 1870’s
• We have become so Judaised that we are
outside salvation and a brutal anti-Semitic
outburst will merely postpone the collapse
of our Judaised society. It will not prevent
it. The great mission of Judaisation is
unstoppable… The twilight of the gods has
begun. You are the masters and we are
the slaves. It is the end of Germany.
Otto Glagau, in Die Gartenlaube (late 19th
century, Germany).
• Members of the Jewish tribe do not work.
They exploit the mental and manual work
of others. This alien tribe has enslaved the
people of Germany. Basically the social
question is the Jewish question.
Everything else is fraud.
“Alfred Dreyfus Affair”
• 1894: France
• Accused of treason
– Anti-Semitic violence
• Exonerated 1906: evidence falsified
• If he had been a Catholic or a free-thinker,
he would have been classified as an
isolated extraordinary case … The next
day the public would have been interested
in other matters… However, now
everybody in France is speaking of only
one man and his treason and that because
that man is a Jew.
(E. Bucheron, in Le Figaro, 1894)
Protocols of the Elders of Zion
• When the time comes for our Ruler of the World to be
crowned, we will see to it by the same means - that is
to say, by making use of the mob - we will destroy
everything that may prove an obstacle in our way …
We have set at variance with one another all
personal and national interests of the gentiles by
promulgating religious and tribal prejudices among
them for nearly twenty centuries… We are too
powerful - the world has to reckon with us.
Governments cannot make even a small treaty
without our being eagerly involved in it.
• Russia adopts severe restrictions on Jews
• Violence breaks out all over east Europe
Kishinev Pogrom 1903
(49 dead)
• Brothers, in the name of Our Lord who
shed his blood for us and in the name of
our holy Czar who is filled with
compassion for his people, let us cry out
during our great holiday, “Down with the
Yids!” Down with these horrible vermin,
these vampires slavering for the blood of
Russians. (pamphet)
Russian revolution, 1917
• Many Jews become communists
• Thousands migrate
• Russian Revolution rejected Judaism:
• Communism was atheistic.
A. Hitler, Mein Kampf, 1925-27
• At the start of the war, or even during the course
of it, if twelve or fifteen thousand of these Jews
who were corrupting the nation had been forced
submit to poison gas, just as hundreds of
thousands of our best German workers from
every social stratum and from every trade and
calling had to face it in the field, then the millions
of sacrifices made at the front would not have
been in vain.
Holocaust “Burnt Offering”
• Yad Vashem “Holocaust museum”
Stages in Nazi Anti-Jewish Policy
• Pre-WW1: E.g., ‘Protocols of the Elders of
Zion’ Forged document
purporting to
reveal a ‘Jewish conspiracy’.
• Post W W 1: ‘Mein Kampf’ Hitler’s
manifesto (1925, 1927).
1933-1939 Pre-W W 2
• ‘Third Reich’: Hitler forms Government.
Laws establish who is a Jew
The "Aryanization" of Businesses
"The Night of Broken Glass" (Nov.
1938, reprisals)
The Occupation of Poland (2 million Jews)
Invasion of the USSR (1941)
• Einsatzgruppen (action squads) massacres
• The "Final Solution" (deportations to camps)
• Failed Warsaw Uprising (1943)
Death Camps
+ 1,000,000
Rev. M. Niemöller German Confessing Church
(7 years in a camp)
• First they came for the communists, and I did not
speak out because I was not a communist.
• Then they came for the socialists, and I did not
speak out because I was not a socialist.
• Then they came for the labor leaders, and I did not
speak out because I was not a labor leader.
• Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out
because I was not a Jew.
• Then they came for me, and there was no one
left to speak out for me.
Jewish population
E. Europe (exc. USSR)
European USSR
Western Europe
America + Australia
Encyclopedia Judaica and J. Lestschinsky, Crisis, Catastrophe and Survival
E. Fackenheim
• Jews are forbidden to hand Hitler posthumous victories.
They are commanded to survive as Jews, lest the
Jewish people perish. They are commanded to
remember the victims the victims of Auschwitz lest their
memories perish. They are forbidden to despair of man
and his world, and to escape into either cynicism or other
worldliness, lest they cooperate in delivering the world
over to the forces of Auschwitz. Finally they are
forbidden to despair of the God of Judaism, lest Judaism
perish… In ancient times, the unthinkable Jewish sin
was idolatry. Today it is to respond to Hitler by doing his
(,God’s Presence in History: Jewish Affirmations and
Philosophical Reflections)
• Protocols of the Elders of Zion promoted
by some religious leaders
• 1910 - 1940s, Henri Bourassa, and
Mackenzie King associated with antiSemitism
• Russian pogroms justified:
• Hitler praised,
• Jews refused sanctuary.