Transcript File

Bell Ringer
 Stress and anxiety contribute to eating
disorders, but do not cause them. Evaluate
the level of stress and anxiety in your life.
What experiences or pressures cause these
feelings? How do you handle such pressures?
What are some ways to alleviate some of the
stress and anxiety?
Note-Taking Tip: today’s outline
Title: Eating Disorders
1. Anorexia Nervosa
Effects on Physical Health
2. Bulimia Nervosa
Effects on Physical Health
3. Binge Eating Disorder
Effects on Physical Health
4. Treatment
Anorexia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa
Binge Eating Disorder
Learning Objective
 IWBAT outline strategies for prevention,
treatment, and management of diet-related
diseases such as anorexia, and bulimia.
Demonstration of Learning
 Given a list of eating disorders, I will explain
the symptoms, effects, and possible
treatments for the disorder that I choose
with 100% accuracy.
Quick Write
 Why do you think someone might start
having an eating disorder?
Eating Disorders
 3 main common eating disorders:
 Anorexia nervosa
 Bulimia nervosa
 Binge eating disorder
 Most common in teens and young women
Anorexia Nervosa
 Typified by an intense
fear of weight gain
 Fear which leads to
self-starvation and
extreme weight loss
 Nervosa: illness that
has a psychological
 Tendency to withdraw from social events
 Quiet, serious personality
 View losing weight as a problem solver
 The ability to control weight gives sense of
power which they lack in other areas
 Extreme concern with shape and weight
 See self as fat (typically underweight)
 Often skip meals
 Eat little or move food on plate
 Eat in private
 Take laxatives or diet pills
 Exercise excessively
 Wear baggy clothes
Physical Health
 Normal growth/development slows down
 Muscle tissue & body fat disappear
 Characterized by a 15% loss of weight
 Blood pressure and pulse rate decline
 Body organs begin to shrivel
 Bone density decreases (osteoporosis)
 Depression, suicide and even death from
Bulimia Nervosa
 Involves 2 key behaviors: binging and purging
 Bingeing: uncontrollable eating of huge amounts
of food
 Followed by an inappropriate behavior to prevent weight
 Purging: clearing food from digestive system
(vomit, laxatives, diuretics, enemas)
 Excessive exercise or fasting
Cycling behaviors
 Repeat bingeing and purging at least twice a
week (sometimes several times a day)
 Very difficult to stop cycle once started
 Highly addictive
 Self- criticism or low self- esteem
 Feel abnormal and out of control
 Depression and shame
 Always thinking about food (like anorexics)
 Consume 1000’s of calories at a time with
foods high in fats and carbohydrates
 Whole cake, donuts, carton of ice cream
 Understand behavior is not normal
 Binge and purge in secret
 So it’s often hard to tell if someone has this
 Those with bulimia usually have a normal
body weight
Physical Health
 Damage to body is not reversible
 Vomiting causes glands to swell in throat
 Stomach acids burn the esophagus
 Destroy tooth enamel
 Broken blood vessels in the eyes
 Loss of minerals and water in body leading to fluid
and electrolyte imbalances
 Irregular heartbeat that can lead to cardiac arrest
or death
Binge Eating Disorder
 Most common eating disorder
 Repeatedly eating large amounts
of food, even when not hungry
 Similar to bulimia nervosa
 Except no follow up behavior to
stop gain
 Feel guilty about overeating
 Exhibit an abnormally low self- esteem
 Move from one diet to the next
 Causes weight regain quickly
Physical Health
 Obesity
 Diabetes
 High blood pressure and cholesterol
 Suicidal thoughts and attempts
 Certain types of cancers
 Death
Probable Causes
of Eating Disorders
 Complex and
 Single factor may not
lead to problem
 Several factors
together lead to
Social Causes
Pressure from media
 Models and stars in movies,
 Must be thin to be
attractive & successful
 Measures self worth by
body weight
Family Patterns
Over involvement
Abandonment issues
Body conscious household
Ridiculed about weight
Genetic Causes
 Currently studying possibility of genetic link
among people with eating disorders
 Chemicals in brain may prompt people to
overeat sweets and high fat foods
Psycho developmental Causes
 Body changes
 Life transitions
 Sexuality issues
 Presence of other psychological problems
 Depression
 Post traumatic stress
 Anxiety
Eating Disorders in Men
 Diagnosed with eating disorders in greater
numbers each day
 Most men don’t seek treatment
 Develop eating disorders later in life than
 Typically overweight before
Risk Factors Specific to Men
 Being overweight as a child
 Being teased or abused as a child
 Being involved in sports that require thinness
 Different professions such as modeling or
Risks Among Athletes
 Coaches focus on body weight during training
 Wrestler to compete in weight class
 Gymnast helps with balance
 Trying to achieve and maintain unrealistic
weight goals lead to disorders
 93% of eating disorders among athletes
involve women's sports
What Help is Available
 Need professional help
 Not getting care causes long-term health
problems or even death
 Treatment programs differ
 Recovery rate is good if you start early
 Must recognize it is a
Treatment for Anorexia
 Neither quick nor simple
 Several treatment programs
 Only client is treated
 Family gets involved
 Admit to hospital or eating disorders facility
Treatment for Bulimia
 Similar to anorexia programs
 Some use outpatient treatment
 Antidepressants: alter nervous system and
relieve depression
 Drugs don’t cure mental issues
Treatment for
Binge Eating Disorder
 Emotional issue treatment
 How beliefs affect actions
 Take control of actions
 Teach weight management facts
Professional Help
 Medical doctor
 Therapist
 Nutritionist
 Trainer
 Client must feel comfortable with help
 Must want treatment to make it work
Helping a Friend
 Increase your knowledge
 Don’t give up on friend
 Tell them you care and are concerned
 Encourage your friend to seek help
 Tell parents
 Show approval no matter what weight for
their well-being and health
 Encourage, support, and accept
 Log on to Socrative
 Use app or
 (student log in, not teacher)
 Room Number = HOLMAN148
 Answer all 5 questions
Extension-Body Image Activity
Body image is how each of us sees ourselves. A person
with a healthy body image has an accurate idea of what he
or she looks like and can put into perspective negative
aspects of his or her body.
 A person with an unhealthy body image has an inaccurate
body image and sees only the worst parts of his or her body.
Draw a picture of what you see in the mirror. Include
clothing, jewelry, and other distinguishing characteristics.
Write a couple of sentences describing what you think you
look like. If you feel comfortable, you can pair up with a
friend and swap drawings.
Critique each other's drawing and briefly discuss the kind
of body image portrayed.