Powerpoint Presentation on Phonics

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Transcript Powerpoint Presentation on Phonics

Reading and Writing at the age of 4 and 5!
It is a big ask but it is a challenge that most children rise to!
They are all going to learn at different paces and will have
click moments.
They have already started to show they can read!
Reading EYFS 2014
Words are all around us!
Reading EYFS 2014
What they already know?
Reading EYFS 2014
In school
Surround the unit in writing, exposure to books and modelling good communication.
Mark making areas inside and out.
Dedicated taught phonics sessions 4 times a week. We quickly differentiate the children into groups
depending on their readiness.
Reading EYFS 2014
Is the term given to the sounds a letter or letters make.
Fast paced programme learning a new sound daily – we use Jolly Phonics and Letters
and Sounds together.
There are 44 phonemes in the English Language.
Reading EYFS 2014
Phase One
Phase One supports the development of speaking and listening. In Phase One, blending and segmenting
activities have been purely oral, involving no letters, for example, an adult pronounces the sounds to be
blended rather than expecting the children to pronounce them in response to letter
Phase Two
The children learn to pronounce the sounds themselves in response to letters, before blending them, and start
reading simple VC and CVC words. The
reverse process is that they segment whole spoken words into phonemes and select letters to represent those
phonemes, either writing the letters, if they have the necessary physical coordination, or using solid (e.g.
magnetic) letters to encode words.
Reading EYFS 2014
What does ‘learning a letter’ comprise?- Phase 2
It comprises:
distinguishing the shape of the letter from other letter shapes;
recognising and articulating a sound (phoneme) associated with the letter shape;
recalling the shape of the letter (or selecting it from a display) when given its sound;
writing the shape of the letter with the correct movement, orientation and relationship to other letters;
naming the letter;
being able to recall and recognise the shape of a letter from its name.
Reading EYFS 2014
Phase Three
Phase Three completes the teaching of the alphabet, and children move on to sounds represented by more than
one letter ll,ss,ff,ck,ng.
Phase Four
In Phase Four children learn to read and spell words containing adjacent consonants. No new grapheme-phoneme
correspondences are taught in this phase, e.g dump
Phase Five
Phase Five would not be needed if there were a perfect one-to-one mapping between graphemes and phonemes –
most phonemes can be spelled in more than one way, and most graphemes can represent more than one
ai - ay
I – ie - igh
Reading EYFS 2014
We need to appreciate how hard learning to read and write is.
For example
I like to read and have read many books. My favourite
colour is red.
There is a child playing with their ball.
Then the words that do not for the phonic model.
How can families help at home?
By attending today to understand the journey.
Be a good role model show your child you are interested in reading.
Try and ensure that a bedtime story is read every night. Statistics state that is increase a child’ s
reading age over a child who doesn’t have a bed time story by 18months.
Reading EYFS 2014
How can families help at home?
Sound talk at home it can turn into a game.
We are going to the p-ar-k. It helps them to begin to blend the sounds.
When writing with your child sound out as you write this includes texting
and emailing.
Write a shopping list with your child modelling writing they then have to tick
of the shopping – what sound does milk start with which word do you think
it is… etc
Reading EYFS 2014
From October half term
Reading books will be sent home with a reading record.
Top tips –
Little but often.
Allow children to use the pictures to read unfamiliar words.
Assist in the segmenting and blending of words.
Give lots of praise and encouragement – it can take a while for child to get into the routine of reading.
We only send home one book a week as we know they will be doing other reading. We listen to all children read
each week.
After Christmas we will begin to hear the children read in guided reading sessions.
Reading EYFS 2014
Reading record.
Write the comment to the child straight after reading. This models writing skills but also makes it
relevant to the child and will boost their confidence. We want it to become a conversation between
home and school. We read this first before we listen to the children read.
It is not just to write about the reading book your child will be using their reading skills each day share
this learning with us.
For example
Wow Tilly you were really good at using the pictures to read. You sounded out the word cat and read it
independently – fantastic! What a busy week we went on the bus and you read the word bus, stop and
you saw the fire exit sign and knew what it meant! Well done Love from Mummy x
Reading EYFS 2014
From October half term
High Frequency Words
Ten words at a time for children to learn by sight.
Top tips –
Little but often.
Turn reading them into a game.
Children to speak a sentence with that word in. When they have a number of cards the children can make
sentences with them.
More confident can they spell them.
Give lots of praise and encouragement.
Reading EYFS 2014
Reading to writing
Children have been making marks since they were little. Although children interested in writing they can not
really begin to write until they become familiar with phonics and have had exposure to reading.
In school the children have to write during their phonic sessions. Starts with single
sounds and we build this up to cvc words to writing phonetically plausible attempts
at words.
For example
Was – woz
good – gud
circle – sercl
We praise children for their attempts and will only correct during a phonics session.
More often than not if we can read it we will not correct if it is independent writing.
Reading EYFS 2014
Writing opportunities
Chalking outside large scale.
Large floor painting.
Using water to mark make.
Lots of different paper colour, size, lined etc
Lots of different tools to mark make/write
crayons, paint, pens, felts, mud, finger etc
Reading EYFS 2014
In school
Part of phonics.
From Spring term those that are ready will have an adult led guided writing session.
Exposure to different styles of writingList making
Finishing a story.
Reading EYFS 2014