A Day That Will Live in Infamy

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Transcript A Day That Will Live in Infamy

Standard 11.7.1
• Examine the origins of American
involvement in the war, with an emphasis
on the events that precipitated the attack
on Pearl Harbor.
• Essential Question: Describe FDR’s
approach to foreign policy.
World War II Begins
• Rhineland, 1936
– area between France and
• Austria, 1938
– Hitler took it without a fight
• Czechoslovakia, 1938 - 1939
– Hitler took the German-speaking
western half before the Munich
• Non-Aggression Pact, 1939
– Germany and Russia agreed to not fight each
– this meant no second front if war began
The Plight of Poland
• Invasion of Poland, 1939
– blitzkrieg warfare
• September 1, 1939
– USSR invaded two weeks later
• September 17, 1939
– Poland fell within a month
– France and Britain declared war
• official beginning of the war
• Polish government fled to Britain
Partner A
Roosevelt’s Foreign Policy
• Americans favor neutrality
– US passed neutrality acts in 1935, 1936, and
• German subs attacked US merchant ships
– in 1939, FDR started limited arms sales to the
• “If they fall, we fall”
Lend-Lease Act
• Lend-Lease Act, 1941
– FDR called for the US to
be the “great arsenal of
– the US “leased” military
supplies to the Allies
– Hitler invaded the USSR
in 1941 and the US sent
Partner B
• Do you think Roosevelt was justified in his
Lend-Lease Act? Do you feel that this act
went against Roosevelt’s “Neutrality?”
Atlantic Charter
• Atlantic Charter, 1941
– FDR and Churchill met on a
warship off Newfoundland
– they signed an agreement to
support each other
• included plans for the UN
4 Freedoms
• Four Freedom’s Speech, 1941
– FDR’s state of the union address included
goals for four basic freedoms we should fight
– freedom of speech and worship, freedom from
want and fear
Partner A
• Do you feel that Roosevelt’s Four
Freedom Speech is relevant today?
Pearl Harbor
• Pearl Harbor, 1941
– FDR put an embargo on Japan
• oil, iron ore, fuel, steel, and rubber
• by this time Japan was Germany’s ally
– Japan wanted to expand and wanted the US
to stay neutral
– a decisive defeat would keep the US out of the
• Japan was still pretending to carry out diplomatic
talks in DC
A Day That Will Live in Infamy
• Pearl Harbor, 1941
– six aircraft carriers brought 360 planes to
attack the naval base
– Americans suffered heavy losses
• the Arizona is still at the bottom of the harbor
– the US fleet was down for six months
• luckily the 3 aircraft carriers were not in the harbor
Partner B
• In your opinion, was Japan justified in
bombing Pearl Harbor? What would you
have differently?
Roosevelt’s Foreign Policy
• Pearl Harbor, 1941
– “A day that will live in infamy”
– the US declared war on Japan
and its allies
• Germany, Japan, and Italy
declared war back
– the Doolittle Raid was sent in
retaliation and to show we could
reach Tokyo
• 16 planes destroyed 100 buildings
and killed 50 people
Homework Questions
• Chapter 10 Section 3 and Chapter 11
Section 1