France and Britain delcare war
Transcript France and Britain delcare war
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
tried to stave off war for as long as possible
Hitler took advantage of his wilty nature.
In 1939, Britain declared war on Hitler’s
Winston Churchill replaces
Chamberlain as PM of
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth visit
Canada to try and raise support for Britain.
King George VI
Canada is an independent country. When
Germany invades Poland, France and
Britain delcare war. Canada waits a week,
then declares war as well.
Mackenzie King, a Liberal promises:
- dictator: Franco
- dictator: Salazar
means “lightning war”
Tanks & Planes lead the charge
Beat France in less than a year.
All of the BEF and remaining French army are pinned on
the French coast. Every British ship sails across the
British channel – from navy ships to fishing boats – as
German airplanes bomb them.
Rescue 340 000 soldiers. Germans capture their guns,
trucks and ammo, but allies have propaganda victory.
Hitler has conquered all
of Europe, except Britain
and neutral countries, by
Germany begins to
23 000 civilians die.
AIR TRAINING PROGRAM
King agrees that Canada will train British pilots.
130 000 are trained.
King hoped that this would be the extent of Canada’s
role in the war.
evacuated from big
cities, esp. London.
Some are shipped to
Germany U-Boats sunk the
Volendam carrying 320 kids to
All were rescued.
The City of Benares
wasn’t so lucky.
It carried 90 children
on its way to
It was sunk.
77 of the 90 children were
Afterwards, no more children
were shipped to Canada.
Before the war,
Hitler had signed a
with Stalin in Russia.
Hitler tries to invade
Russian army is
Stalin orders a retreat.
Russian troops burn
everything while fleeing.
Russian winter kicks in.
Nazis starve / freeze to
Also in 1941:
Japan bombs Pearl Harbor.
Also in 1941:
One day after Pearl Harbor,
Japanese take Hong Kong.
554 Canadians are killed.
Rest are PoWs
for 3.5 years…
BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC
• Longest battle of WWII (1939-1945)
• RCN accompanies merchant ships carrying vital
supplies to Britain.
• Merchant ships are unarmed, travel in convoys
• Cdns. Invade Sicily. Win in 2 weeks.
• Capture Ortona, but the price is 1372 soldiers.
•Allies launch an invasion of Europe at Normandy,
• Cdns. Take Juno Beach with navy and air
• Attack was secret… leads to victory in Europe.
CANADIANS NEED MORE SOLDIERS
1942 Conscription Crisis
Conservatives pressure King to have a plebiscite
on the issue of conscription.
• Bourassa leads 73% of Quebecois in opposition
• 83% of English Canadians favour conscription.
•KING: “Conscription if necessary, but not
•In 1944, conscription is introduced.
• Russia and US push
Hitler’s army back.
• Hitler kills himself.
• The Holocaust is
• Japan keeps fighting.
Germans responsible for the Holocaust are tried
and either executed or sent to prison at Nuremberg
Despite all this evidence:
The Holocaust is still
denied today by some
racists & neo-Nazis.
responsible for the
took and sold