Adolf Hitler: - Two Rivers Public School District

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Transcript Adolf Hitler: - Two Rivers Public School District

The Rise of
Adolf Hitler
How did this little boy…
…turn into this man?!?!
• Born: 4/20/1889
in Austria
• 1 of 6 children
• Alois Schickelgruber Hitler
- Jewish?
- very strict
- died when Adolf was 13
• Klara Hitler
- loving and affectionate
- died when Adolf was 18
• Attended a Benedictine monastery school
– Member of the choir
• Wanted to become an artist
– Father disproves
– High school dropout
– Attempted to get into the Vienna Academy of Fine
Years in Vienna
• Moved to Austria to pursue love of art
• Again denied by Academy
• Became a homeless drifter
Impact of Vienna
• Anti-Semitic mayor
• Nationalism
• Politics
Military Service
• Left Austria to avoid mandatory military service
• Voluntarily served Germany in WWI
World War I
• Excited to fight for
– Regimental messenger
• Rose to corporal
Military Record
• Awarded Iron Cross
– Highest military honor
• Blinded by gas attack
towards end
German Loss in WW I
• Devastated by German surrender
• Appalled by anti-war sentiment
• Believed in anti-war conspiracy
– Jews and Marxists.
• Military didn’t lose the war
– politicians (mostly Jews) did
Life after WW I
• Depression
• Became an undercover
– Looking for Marxists
• Lectured on dangers
of Communism and
German Worker’s Party
• Investigated this group
• Ended up giving a
• Asked to become a
NAZI Party is Formed
• Placed ads in antiSemitic newspapers
• Changed name to
National Socialist
German Worker’s
Party (NAZIS)
Party Platform
25 Points:
• Revoke Versailles
• Revoke civil rights of
Beer Hall Putsch
• October 30, 1923
• Rally in Munich beer
– declared revolution
against government
• Failed
– Hitler imprisoned
• Treason
Trial and Jail
• Used trial to speak about
NAZI platform
• Increased popularity
• Sentenced to five years
• served 9 months
Mein Kampf
- Jews are evil
- Germans were
superior race
- Dislike of
Communism and
- Need to conquer
Legal Rise to Power
• Popularity increases
• Spoke about making
Germany great again
• Nazi Party:
– 1930 = 18% of vote
– 1932 = 30% of vote
– Hitler becomes
Chancellor in 1933
Appeal of Hitler
• Economic depression with hyper-inflation
• WWI hero
– discussed bringing glory back to the “Fatherland”
• Promised to end communist threat in Germany
• Blamed Jews for Germany’s problems
– not the German people
• Excellent public speaker
Strong Arm Tactics
• “Brownshirts” or SA
• Put down opposition
– Threatened/beat up
Jews and anti-Nazi
• 400,000 by 1932
• 1933 - all parties
except Nazi party
• Censorship
• Indoctrination
• Secret Police
• Dehr Fuhrer (the
Absolute Power
• German economy
• No political opposition
• 1st concentration
camp opened in 1933
• Began rearming
German Army for
• “I have issued the command - and I'll have
anybody who utters but one word of criticism
executed by a firing squad - that our war aim does
not consist in reaching certain lines, but in the
physical destruction of the enemy. Accordingly, I
have placed my death-head formations in
readiness - for the present only in the East - with
orders to them to send to death mercilessly and
without compassion, men, women, and children of
Polish derivation and language. Only thus shall we
gain the living space (lebensraum) which we need.
Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation
of the Armenians?"