Fiber Optic Communication

Download Report

Transcript Fiber Optic Communication

Fiber Optic Communication
Chris Frazier
What is fiber optics
Applications of fiber optics
Total Internal Reflection
How signals are transmitted and received
in optical fibers
Advantages of Fiber Optics
Disadvantages of fiber optics
What is Fiber Optic wire?
Optical fibers are
long, thin strands of
very pure glass about
the diameter of a
human hair.
Optical fibers are
arranged in optical
bundles and are used
to transmit light over
long distances.
Optical Fiber
Applications of Fiber Optics
Cable Companies
– Nodes
– Serve 200 to 2000 people.
Local Area Networks (LAN)
Power Companies
Telephone Companies
Total Internal Reflection
Electrical Signals Converted to
Light Signals
Advantages of Fiber Optics
Higher carrying capacity
Less signal degreadation
Disadvantages of Fiber Optics
Incompatible with old copper wire
Splicing (very difficult)
Fusion Splicing
A fusion splice is a junction of two or more optical fibers
that have been melted together. This is accomplished
with a machine that performs two basic functions:
aligning of the fibers and melting them together typically
using an electric arc
Mechanical Splicing
A mechanical splice is an optical junction of two or more
optical fibers that are aligned and held in place by a selfcontained assembly (usually the size of a large
carpenter's nail). The fibers aren't permanently joined,
just precisely held together so that light can pass from
one to another.
Ellis, Matthew and Appel, Chris. “Why
Optics?”. 12 July 2002.