USGCRP GCIS - ESIP Fed - Wolfe - 2015-01-07x

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Transcript USGCRP GCIS - ESIP Fed - Wolfe - 2015-01-07x

Global Change Information System (GCIS)
ESIP Winter Meeting – GCIS Breakout Session
January 7, 2015
Robert Wolfe – USGCRP GCIS Technical Lead
www.globalchange.gov
Overview
• Background and Status of the GCIS
– Who are we?
– What are we doing now?
– What are our plans for the future?
2
U.S. Global Change Research Program
The Program:
• Coordinates Federal research to
better understand and prepare
the nation for global change
• Prioritizes and supports cutting
edge scientific work in global
change
• Assesses the state of scientific
knowledge and the Nation’s
readiness to respond to global
change
• Communicates research findings
to inform, educate, and engage
the global community
3
Contributors
U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), National Coordination Office (NCO):
Robert Wolfe1, Curt Tilmes1, Steve Aulenbach2, Brian Duggan2, Justin Goldstein2,
Amanda McQueen2, Julie Morris2, Glynis Lough2, Bradley Akamine2
National Climate Assessment (NCA) Technical Support Unit (TSU):
David Easterling3, Paula Hennon4, Angel Li4, April Sides6, Mark Phillips5, Sarah Champion4,
Andrew Buddenberg4, Devin Thomas6
Habitat Seven (NCA Web Design and Development):
Jamie Herring, Phil Evans, Aires Almeida, Graham Blair
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) Tetherless World Constellation (TWC) (Semantic Web
Information Modeling):
Peter Fox, Xiaogang Ma, Patrick West, Jin Zheng
Forum One (globalchange.gov Web Design, Development and Integration):
Michael Rader, John Schneider, Keenan Holloway, Sarah LeNguyen
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Hook Hua, Brian Wilson, Gerald Manipon
Others
Jeffery Chen – Presidential Innovation Fellow, NASA HQ
Rahul Ramachandranh – Oak Ridge DAAC, NASA MSFC
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
NASA
University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
NOAA/NCDC
The Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites (CICS), North Carolina State University
National Environmental Modeling and Analysis Center (NEMAC), UNC Asheville
ERT, Inc.
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Global Change Research Act (1990), Section 106
…not less frequently than every 4 years, the
Council… shall prepare… an assessment which–
• integrates, evaluates, and interprets the findings
of the Program and discusses the scientific
uncertainties associated with such findings;
• analyzes the effects of global change on the
natural environment, agriculture, energy
production and use, land and water resources,
transportation, human health and welfare,
human social systems, and biological diversity;
and
• analyzes current trends in global change, both
human- induced and natural, and projects major
trends for the subsequent 25 to 100 years.
5
National Climate Assessments
Climate Change Impacts on the
United States (2000)
Global Climate Change Impacts
in the United States (2009)
Climate Change Impacts in
the United States (2014)
See: http://globalchange.gov/
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Global Change Information System
(GCIS)
Long Term Vision:
The Global Change Information System (GCIS) is intended to
eventually become a unified web based source of authoritative,
accessible, usable and timely information about climate and global
change for use by scientists, decision makers, and the public.
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Global Change Information System
(GCIS)
Long Term Vision:
The Global Change Information System (GCIS) is intended to
eventually become a unified web based source of authoritative,
accessible, usable and timely information about climate and global
change for use by scientists, decision makers, and the public.
Initial Prototype:
Coincident with the release of the Third National Climate
Assessment (NCA) on May 6 2014, the GCIS supported the
distribution, presentation and documentation needs of the NCA,
integrating that content into the USGCRP web site and
demonstrating the potential for GCIS to support the long term
vision.
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Information Quality Act
•
•
Reproducibility means that the information is capable of being substantially reproduced,
subject to an acceptable degree of imprecision. For information judged to have more
(less) important impacts, the degree of imprecision that is tolerated is reduced
(increased). With respect to analytic results, "capable of being substantially reproduced''
means that independent analysis of the original or supporting data using identical
methods would generate similar analytic results, subject to an acceptable degree of
imprecision or error.
Transparency is not defined in the OMB Guidelines, but the Supplementary Information
to the OMB Guidelines indicates (p. 8456) that "transparency" is at the heart of the
reproducibility standard. The Guidelines state that "The purpose of the reproducibility
standard is to cultivate a consistent agency commitment to transparency about how
analytic results are generated: the specific data used, the various assumptions
employed, the specific analytic methods applied, and the statistical procedures
employed. If sufficient transparency is achieved on each of these matters, then an
analytic result should meet the reproducibility standard." In other words, transparency and ultimately reproducibility - is a matter of showing how you got the results you got.
http://www.cio.noaa.gov/services_programs/IQ_Guidelines_011812.html
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Complete Traceability for NCA Content
Transparency ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Reproducibility
Traceable
Sources
References
Image sources
Data sources
•
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Link to datasets
Complete metadata
Traceable
Processes
•
•
Description of
methods
Access to process
info & review
Traceable
Tools
•
•
Access to computer
code
Description of systems
and platforms
Easier
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Harder
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Traceable
Data
Data and The National Climate Assessment
The Challenge
•
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More than 300 authors (>1000 contributing!)
827 pages
43 Chapters and Appendices
284 Figures
More than 600 Images
3395 References (journals, articles, books, reports)
Approximately 83 data sources used across as many
as 235 instances
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Data and National Climate Assessment
The Solution
• Defined categories of information within the report:
– Figure
– Image
– Data Source
• Build a process for collecting source information that will satisfy
IQA and HISA requirements:
– Named sources and contacts for every figure, image, and data
source
– Web-based survey that requests inputs that address transparency
and reproducibility and build a foundation for providing the
Metadata ISO 19115 standard
– IT infrastructure that connects and promotes automation between
the web-based survey, a structured data server (SDS)/GCIS, and
publication to an official, interactive NCA web site
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globalchange.gov - v2.0
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National Climate Assessment 2014
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GCIS Structured Data Server
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Data and The National Climate Assessment
The Solution
globalchange.gov
website
NCA Resources
Site Web Form
ATRAC/XML
File Generator
Structured
Data
Server
Metadata Entry
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Dataset metadata from a figure
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Dataset metadata from a image in a figure
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Instrument drilldown from a figure (1)
Article
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Instrument drilldown from a figure (2)
Dataset
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Instrument drilldown from a figure (4)
Dataset
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Instrument drilldown from a figure (4)
Instrument/Platform
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Instrument drilldown from a figure (5)
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GCIS Structured Data Server
• Capture – Obtain from a variety of sources: manual input
by trusted parties – support staff, agency partners, data
centers; automated harvesting from publishers, agency
data centers, etc.
• Identify – Assign persistent, resolvable, controlled
identifiers to each element.
• Organize – Capture, discover and represent relationships
between elements, including across various types of
elements; across data centers; and across agency
boundaries.
• Present – Provide machine accessible interfaces to retrieve
structured metadata, and to search/data mine it.
• Maintain – Develop tools and processes to ensure quality
and integrity of database contents over time.
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Global Change Content Elements
• Reports, Figures, Images, Research Papers,
Journals, Measurements, Datasets,
Instruments, Agencies, Projects, People,
Models, Algorithms, …
• Findings – “Climate is changing.” “Sea Level
is Rising.”
• Concepts: “Impacts of Climate Change on
Human Health” “Adaptation”
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Machine Accessible Metadata
globalchange.gov
website
NCA Resources
Site Web Form
ATRAC/XML
File Generator
Structured
Data
Server
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GCIS Database/API
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RESTful API at data.globalchange.gov
URLs correspond to ontology URIs
Primary storage : RDBMS (PostgreSQL)
Representation is serialized (for JSON) or
used in templates (for Turtle)
• Turtle representation is exported into a
triple store (Virtuoso) which provides a
SPARQL endpoint.
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GCIS
Ontology
(version
1.2)
(a) Classes and properties representing a brief structure of the NCA3
(b) Classes and properties relevant to the findings of the NCA3 and each
chapter in it
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(c) Classes and properties about sensors, instruments, platforms, and
algorithms, etc. through which datasets are generated
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A few classes are asserted as sub-classes of PROV-O classes
Full GCIS Ontology documents are available at:
http://tw.rpi.edu/web/project/gcis-imsap/GCISOntology
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SPARQL Example
•
http://data.globalchange.gov/examples
•
List 10 figures and datasets from which they were derived
select ?figure,?dataset FROM <http://data.globalchange.gov>
where {
?figure gcis:hasImage
?img .
?img prov:wasDerivedFrom
?dataset
}
limit 10
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Two Parallel Paths
1. Third National Climate Assessment (NCA3)
Traceable
Sources
•
•
•
References
Image sources
Data sources
Traceable
Data
•
•
Link to datasets
•
Complete metadata
•
Traceable
Processes
Description of
methods
Access to process
info & review
Traceable
Tools
•
•
Access to computer
code
Description of systems
and platforms
2 . GCIS
Two Parallel Paths
1. NCA3 release
Traceable
Sources
•
•
•
References
Image sources
Data sources
Traceable
Data
•
•
Traceable
Processes
Link to datasets
•
Complete metadata
•
Description of
methods
Access to process
info & review
2 . Populate GCIS
Traceable
Tools
•
•
Access to computer
code
Description of systems
and platforms
Data and GCIS
The Future
globalchange.gov
website
Structured
Data
Server
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Schedule
2013
2014
2015
NCA Release (5/6)
Now (1/7)
2016
NCA Report
Initial data sets
Full data sets
Indicators
Demo
Pilot
Health Assessment
Ontology Improvements
Sustained NCA
Earth Observation Assessment
(possible support)
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Questions and Comments
For more information visit
http://www.globalchange.gov and http://data.globlchange.gov