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These slides were developed by Climate UK and the
Environment Agency but are provided here in
unbranded form so they can be adapted for local use
and re-branded as needed.
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Explaining and reinforcing the statutory duties
on Local Planning Authorities to address climate
change adaptation in planning.
[Presenters name]
[Meeting name]
[Date]
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Presentation contents
— Overview of training modules available in the series
— Climate Change Act (2008)
— Flood and Water Management Act (2010)
— Civil Contingencies Act (2004)
— Water Framework Directive (2000)
— Localism Act (2011)
— Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act (2004)
— Marine and Coastal Access Act (2009)
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Other training modules in the series
— Statutory drivers for adaptation
— Addressing weather and climate risks through neighbourhood planning
— How developments and buildings can be adapted so that they are resilient to
climate change and extreme weather
— Making the business case for adaptation
— Green Infrastructure as an adaptation response
— Achieving resilience to climate risks through local plans and supplementary
planning guidance
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Climate Change Act (2008)
The Climate Change Act 2008 recognises the importance of
building resilience against climate change.
Climate Change
Act
2008
Adaptation
Reporting
Power
Adaptation
Sub
Committee
Climate Change
Risk
Assessment
January 2012
UKCP09
(projections)
2009
National
Adaptation
Programme
2013
Policy and
economic
analysis
Review
every 5
years
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Flood and Water Management Act (2010)
The Act required each Lead Local Flood Authority (LLFA) to
produce a local flood risk management strategy addressing
local sources of flood risk, such as:
—Surface water run-off
—Groundwater
—Watercourses
—Combination of local risks with
fluvial and/or sea flooding
LLFAs are responsible for ensuring the completion of a Preliminary Flood Risk
Assessment (PFRA) and approval of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS).
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Civil Contingencies Act (2004)
The Act requires local authorities to design detailed plans
for natural disasters including those caused by climate
change:
—Severe Weather storms, heat wave, snow and ice, flooding, wild fires, drought
—Structural Hazards land movement, building or bridge collapse, dam failure
—Industrial or Technical failure electricity, gas, water, communications
Business
Continuity
Plans
Multiagency
flood plans
Heat wave
plans
Pipeline
plans
Highways
emergency
plans
Community
plans
Water
distribution
plan
Flood and
weather
warnings
Water
treatment
works plans
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Water Framework Directive (2000)
Local authorities have a role in delivering and achieving the Water Framework
Directive (WFD) to help the natural environment adapt to the impacts of climate
change.
What are the key LA functions which can contribute to WFD objectives?
—Planning Policy
—Development Management
—Drainage and flood risk management
—Open space and green infrastructure
—Highways design and maintenance
—Environmental management & pollution controls
—Managing local authority estates & buildings
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Localism Act (2011)
Local Authorities can use a range of provisions in the
Localism Act to implement action on climate change.
— Neighbourhood Development Plans: Community action on climate change
— Duty to cooperate: Cross boundary adaptation activities
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act (2004)
Sets out the structure of the local planning framework for England.
— It includes the duty on plan-making to mitigate and adapt to climate change
Marine and Coastal Access Act (2009)
Helps ensure the sustainable development of the
marine and coastal environment.
Local planning authorities should reduce risk from coastal
change by :
— avoiding inappropriate development in vulnerable areas
— not adding to the impacts of physical coastal changes
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Case Study
CASE STUDY
‘Towards a
Naturally Resilient
Northamptonshire’
Building a Resilient
Environment:
Statutory drivers for
adaptation
Drivers
•
NI188 Planning to
Adapt
•
NI197 Local Wildlife
Sites
•
Civil Contingencies
Act 2004
•
Climate Change Act
2008
•
Flood & Water
Management Act 2010
•
Natural Environment
White Paper 2011
•
Health & Social Care
Act 2012
Vision
Build ‘natural
resilience’ through the
use of natural
interventions to adapt
to the likely impacts of
climate change and
maximise the benefits
from ecosystem
services
– focussing on the
‘green-arc’ of the
County’s key natural
assets.
Nene Valley
Nature Improvement
Area
•
•
•
•
Covers 41,000ha
1,500ha of
farmland now
more ecologically
managed
Over 100ha of
wildflower
meadow now
created
Communities
engaged in future
of local
environment
Resilient
soils & farm
businesses
Costow Farms Ltd in
Marston St Lawrence,
S. Northamptonshire
practices sustainable
agriculture with
minimal tillage and
cover cropping
Sustainable
Drainage
The Upton housing
development on the
outskirts of
Northampton was one
of the first large
housing developments
to incorporate SuDS
into the design of a
whole new estate
Community
Tree Planting
Over 125,000 trees
planted since 2012
Street Trees
The council engaged
key officers including
planners in better
understanding the
value of urban street
trees in microclimate control,
including the
economic value
(£281/tree/yr in one
assessment)
Rockingham
Forest for
Life
‘has the potential to
play a major role in
climate change
adaptation by
increasing
connectivity,
enhancing existing
and creating new
wildlife corridors that
will allow the
migration of species
of flora and fauna.‘
How it fits
together
Find out more
www.greenernorthants.org
Statutory Drivers for Adaptation
Contact details
— [Name]
— [Phone]
— [Email]
— [Web]