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IFAD 1st CLIMTRAIN Workshop, July 2008
The Bali Action Plan
and the way to Copenhagen
Paul V. Desanker
Team Leader, LDC and CB & Outreach Units,
UNFCCC
Bonn, Germany
Outline of the presentation
• Introduction to the Bali
roadmap
• The Bali Action Plan
– Mitigation
– Adaptation
• A focus on adaptation
• The work of the AWG-LCA
• Ongoing discussions under the
Kyoto Protocol
Introducing Bali …
• COP 13/CMP 4 held in Bali, Indonesia, Dec
2007
• Key outcome was decision to launch a
comprehensive process to enable
– the full, effective and sustained implementation of
the Convention through long-term cooperative
action,
– now, up to and beyond 2012
– in order to reach an agreed outcome and adopt
a decision at its fifteenth session (in Copenhagen)
Decision 1/CP.13 = The Bali Action Plan
• A two-year negotiation process to
strengthen the international response to
climate change
• Four areas: two outcome areas
(adaptation and mitigation) and two
means of support (finance and
technology)
• Implementation to take place “now, up
to, and beyond 2012”
The Bali Action Plan
• This Bali Action Plan has 5 core elements, which are
the basis for the working sessions on the future, called
the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative
Action (AWG-LCA):
 A shared vision for long-term cooperative action;
 Enhanced national/international action on mitigation of
climate change;
 Enhanced action on adaptation;
 Enhanced action on technology development and
transfer to support action on mitigation and adaptation;
 Enhanced action on the provision of financial resources
and investment to support action on mitigation and
adaptation and technology cooperation.
The Bali Action Plan
Shared vision
• Emission reductions
• Resilience/reduced vulnerability
Action by
developed countries
Action by
developing countries
• On mitigation
• On mitigation
• On adaptation
• On adaptation
Input
to support
Elements of support
Enabling elements
Catalytic role of the UNFCCC
Output
to support
Mitigation: identified areas (I)
• Measurable, reportable and verifiable nationally
appropriate mitigation commitments or actions,
including quantified emission limitation and
reduction objectives by all developed country
Parties;
• Nationally appropriate mitigation actions by
developing country Parties;
• Policy approaches and positive incentives on
issues relating to reducing emissions from
deforestation and forest degradation in
developing countries; and the role of
conservation, sustainable management of forests
and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in
developing countries;
Mitigation: identified areas (II)
• Cooperative sectoral approaches and sectorspecific activities;
• Various approaches, including opportunities for
using markets, to enhance the cost-effectiveness
of, and promote, mitigation activities;
• Economic and social consequences of response
measures
• Ways to strengthen the catalytic role of the
Convention in encouraging multilateral bodies, the
public and private sectors and civil society,
building on synergies among activities and
processes, as a means to support mitigation in a
coherent and integrated manner.
Adaptation: broad goal
• Determine essential actions to adapt
to the inevitable impacts of climate
change and to promote climateresilient development
• These actions to be supported by
technological cooperation and a
financial architecture with tools to
enable resource flow through
different channels: public and
private; national and international.
Upscaling
action…
…by
upscaling
support and
enabling
mechanisms
Adaptation: identified areas
• International cooperation to
support planning and
implementation
• Risk management and reduction,
including through insurance
• Disaster reduction strategies
• Economic diversification
• Catalyzing action by other
entities
Priorities of
each country
will depend
on national
circumstances
Adaptation: Special focus
From para 1 (c)of the Bali Action Plan:
• Developing countries that are particularly
vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate
change
• Least Developed Countries and Small Island
Developing States
• Countries in Africa affected by drought,
desertification and floods
“Now”
“Up to”
“Beyond 2012”
• Relative fragmentation of:
–
–
–
–
–
–
Knowledge
Data/observations
Funding sources
Policy
Awareness
Implementation
• Adequate enabling/support
mechanisms exist, but need
scaling up for future needs
Examples:
- GEF Funds
- NAPA process
- NWP
- CBA
- CB Framework
- Tech & Article 6
Clearinghouses
“Now”
“Up to”
“Beyond 2012”
• Transitioning by:
– Identifying new/innovative support, e.g.
insurance and financial markets
– Mainstreaming adaptation in national policy
– Mainstreaming adaptation in development
cooperation
– Continuing to fill knowledge gaps
– Continuing to expand the pool of actors and
linkages to other priorities
– Enhancing V&A assessment through integrating
bottom-up and top-down methods
– Piloting concrete adaptation projects for
replication and upscaling
AWG-LCA meetings
• The AWG-LCA is conducting substantive work on the
main elements to enable the full, effective and sustained
implementation of the Convention through long-term
cooperative action, now, up to and beyond 2012,
including:
 A shared vision for long-term cooperative action
 Enhanced action on mitigation of climate change
 Enhanced action on adaptation
 Enhanced action on technology development and
transfer
 Enhanced action on the provision of financial
resources and investment.
AWG-LCA meetings
• April 2008, Bangkok Climate Change Talks:
Agreed to a work programme for 2008
• June 2008: Bonn Climate Change talks
• August 2008: Accra Climate Change Talks
• December 2008: Poznań, COP 14/CMP 5
AWG-LCA meetings
• In Accra, the group will also hold two focused
workshops on:
– Cooperative sectoral approaches and sector-specific
actions, in order to enhance implementation of Article
4, paragraph 1(c), of the Convention
– Policy approaches and positive incentives on issues
relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and
forest degradation in developing countries; and the
role of conservation, sustainable management of
forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in
developing countries
Ongoing discussions under the
Kyoto Protocol
• To discuss future commitments for industrialized
countries under the Kyoto Protocol, the Conference
of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to
the Kyoto Protocol established a working group in
December 2005 called the Ad Hoc Working Group
on Further Commitments for Annex I Parties under
the Kyoto Protocol (AWG-KP). The AWG-KP is set to
complete its work by the end of 2009.
• The AWG-KP will continue work on analysing the
means that may be available to Annex I Parties to
reach their emission reduction targets and on
identifying ways to enhance their effectiveness and
contribution to sustainable development.
These means include:
• Emissions trading and the project-based
mechanisms
• Land use, land-use change and forestry
• Greenhouse gases sectors and source
categories
• Possible approaches targeting sectoral
emissions
• These negotiations are expected to be
concluded in Accra, thus laying the
groundwork for Parties to move on to
negotiate emission reduction ranges in Poznań
in December.
Thank you
[email protected]
Tel: +49 228 815 1362
UNFCCC website
http://unfccc.int