Energy Efficiency

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Transcript Energy Efficiency

Fuel poverty
update
Carbon Action Network
9 May 2014
Manchester
Dr Brenda Boardman, MBE, FEI
Emeritus Fellow
Lower Carbon Futures
Environmental Change Institute
University of Oxford
Résumé
• 31,100 EWD last winter
• Fuel price increase of 10% (£120)
reduced to £50 increase by prolonging
ECO
• Real income of the poorest people
declining
• Fuel poor are hard (and expensive) to
identify
Energy efficiency
English housing (SAP09)
2001
2011
Social sector
Private sector
52.1
45.3
62.9
55.4
Average
46.7
56.7
English Housing Survey, Homes 2011 (2013) DCLG Table 4.1
Rates of insulation
CWI
LI
SWI
2012 (CERT &
CESP)
637,000 1,302,000
77,000
2013 (ECO, GD)
163,000
132,000
25,000
-74%
-90%
-68%
Change
EBR and ACE (2014), Fuel poverty: 2014 update, p7
LIHC – new fp definition
Low income
Low energy
costs
15%
High income
Low energy
costs
35%
Low income
High energy
costs
11%
High income
High energy
costs
39%
Households in fuel poverty
England
2013
2014
Change
Old
definition
3.9m
4.82m
+24%
New
definition
2.35m
2.46m
+5%
EBR and ACE (2014), Fuel poverty: 2014 update, p3-4
Fuel poor pensioners
• 32% of all households
• 25% of fuel poor (new definition)
• 49% of fuel poor (old definition
2013-14
• Decreasing with new definition
• Increasing with old
Income + housing
Energy
inefficient
housing
Energy
efficient
housing
Low income
High income
Transforming the housing stock
Local Authority tasks
•
•
•
•
•
•
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HHSRS / minimum standards
Health and Wellbeing Boards
HECA
Prepare for privately-rented, no F & G
Landlord register
Complete EPC coverage
Decent Homes 2
Area based approaches
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Low Carbon Zones (Warm Zone +)
One (or more) per local authority
Local authority co-ordinates
Works closely with community groups
Street-by-street
Focused on poorest housing
SAP 81 or better (A/B on EPC)
Working with communities
• Community groups act as go-between
• Protect and speak for low-income
residents
• Arrange advice and non-standard
measures
• Are trusted
• Help incorporate all households
Synergies: fuel poverty
and climate change
• Poorest people concentrated in worst
housing
• Upgrade to super energy-efficient, lowcarbon housing
• Climate change = SAP 100 @ 750,000 pa
• Fuel poverty = SAP 81 @ 6,500 pa per
local authority
www.eci.ox.ac.uk
Thank you
Workshop questions
Assumes some money available
• Area-based approaches – what size?
COA as in NI (150 households)
• How to link with local community
groups?
• How to employ local installers?
• Property owner vs occupant?
• How to link with HECA and HHSRS?