Transcript Lecture 6
Instructor Anthony Johnson
Course Music 100
INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC
TONALITY & MODE
The organization of all the tones and harmonies of a piece of music in
relation to a a single dominating pitch tone called the tonic.
Remember that all these pitch's being used always seem to continually lean
toward the tonic pitch throughout the musical piece.
This relates, or utilizes the diatonic system; having an established key.
Marked by avoidance of traditional musical tonality; especially : organized
without reference to key or tonal center and using the tones of the chromatic
MUSIC: TONAL & ATONAL
The Royal Fireworks CD 2 Tr. 9
Bejing opera CD 5 Tr. 39
Pierrot Lunaire CD 5 Tr. 27
Poeme electronique CD 6 Tr. 22
A major mode can be thought of as a way of manipulating the notes of
a major or diatonic scale in order to generate a greater variety of sounds.
This is basically another name for the term scale.
A minor mode can be thought of as a way of manipulating the
notes of a minor or chromatic scale in order to also generate a an
even wider variety of sounds.
Once again this too is another name for the term minor scale.
This term refers to the different ways we center and
organize the use of our diatonic scales.
Examples Major Mode
Appalachian Springs CD 6 Tr. 15
Rent CD 1 2:13 into Tr. 23
Example Minor Mode
Erlkonig CD 3 Tr 22
Sym. # 1 CD 5 Tr. 5
In music a key is the major or minor scale around which a piece of music
revolves. A song in a major key is based on a major scale. A song in a minor
key is based on a minor scale.
A song played in the ‘key of C major’ revolves around the seven notes of
the C major scale – C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. That means the fundamental
notes making up the song’s melody, chords, and bassline are all derived
from that group of notes.
Similarly, a piece of music can be in a minor key and revolve around a natural
minor scale. For example, a song in the ‘key of D minor’ uses the notes of the
D minor scale – D, E, F, G, A, Bb, and C.
This aspect of music is most commonly the act or process of changing from
one key (tonic, or tonal center) to another.
Alexander Nevsky CD 5 Tr. 36-37
QUESTIONS & DISCUSSION
Which mode is formed when when using the diatonic scale
orientated around A?
Which mode is formed with the diatonic scale orientated
When a piece of music changes from one key to another