8th grade vocabulary
Transcript 8th grade vocabulary
Recommendations and Dietary
Will count as two test grades.
Will be graded on neatness, accuracy
and personal accountability.
Internet based. We will be in the
computer lab for one week.
Will need to complete the food log and
exercise log by Friday.
Please write down all food eaten for a
24 hour period.
Remember to include any condiments,
sides, drinks, or candy.
Include the method of preparation.
Estimate the amount you consume.
Due on Thursday April 9th.
Counts as a quiz grade.
Write down all activity for a 24 hour period.
Be exact, break your activities up, do this on a
separate sheet if you need to.
You will be graded on neatness and accuracy- do
not mark and tear up your sheets.
Feel free to view data base of activities on my
website, you may print out a new sheet if you need
Diet: all of the food, drinks, snacks
that you eat.
diet have to be a
restriction of calories?
The amount of energy required to heat
water by one degree Celsius.
nutrient - any substance that can be
metabolized by an organism to give
energy and build tissue.
Weight control: keeping weight at an
appropriate level to prevent the onset
Percent Daily Value:
Percent Daily Value: the % of a
value found in a certain food as it
relates to your daily total.
Fiber: aids in digestion, helps us feel
fuller longer. Name a good source of
The starches and sugars that supply our
bodies with energy (ATP).
Can be identified in the ingredient list
as: sucrose, maltose, fructose, corn syrup.
Good carbs: fresh fruits and veggies
Ok Carbs: whole wheat bread and pasta
BAD carbs: Refine foods (ex doughnuts)
Essential nutrients used to build and
repair body cells, tissue, muscle.
Rarely stored as fat
Found in lean meats such as:
Sources of energy that also performs
other functions, such as vitamin
storage and body insulation.
Last source of energy used
(carbohydrates, protein then fat)
Body Mass Index
Body Mass Index: is one method to
determine if a person is underweight, is at a
healthy weight, at risk for being overweight,
or is overweight.
BMI reading is a number. The person enters
in his/her age, gender, height and weight,
then their BMI is calculated.
What is the weakness of the BMI?
It does not take muscle mass into account and
muscle weighs more than fatty tissue.
Body Mass Index:
BMI is a ratio between weight and
height. It is a mathematical formula
that correlates with body fat, used to
evaluate if a person is at an unhealthy
weight (given a certain height).
Underweight: Less than 18.5
Normal weight: 18.5 - 24.9
Overweight: 25 - 29.9
Obese: 30 or higher
You can also use this formula to figure your
1) Multiply your weight in pounds by 703.
2) Divide the answer by your height in
3) Divide this number by your height in
inches again. This is your BMI.
1. 160 pounds x 703= 112480
2. 112480 ÷ 63 inches=1785
3. 1785 ÷ 63 inches=28
BMI of 28
Why does BMI even matter?
If a person is overweight, their chances
of developing certain disease or
conditions increase. What are these
diseases or conditions?
Type II Diabetes
Certain kinds of cancer
High blood pressure
1lb of fat:
1 pound of fat = 3,500 kcal
Fat, Protein, Carbohydrates:
Are all things created equally?
1 gram of fat = 9 calories
1 gram of protein = 4 calories
1 gram of carbohydrates = 4 calories
If a food has the following nutritional
information, how many calories are in
5 fat grams
4 grams of carbohydrate
4 grams of protein
Total number of Calories:
5 x 9 = 45
4 x 4 = 16
4x4 = 16
45 + 16+ 16 = 77 calories
Physical Cycle of Hunger Comparison
Hunger Cycle Purpose:
To show how long a give food type will
supply us with energy.
Protein gives the longest amount of
sustained energy over time.
What are a few good low-fat sources of
A set of recommendations presented by
the government to help direct
Americans toward a healthy weight.
Aim for Fitness
Aim for a healthy weight
Be physically active.
Build a Health Base
Let the pyramid guide your choices
Choose a variety of grain products
daily, especially whole grains.
Choose a variety of fruits and
Keep food safe to eat.
Choose a diet low in saturated fat and
cholesterol and moderate in total fat.
Choose beverage and foods to limit
your intake of sugars.
Choose and prepare foods with les alt.
Sugar: 10 teaspoons or less (40
This includes what is in your food.
Sample Foods high in sugar:
Can of coke: 39 grams (10 teaspoons)
Cupcake: 150 grams (37 grams)
Frosted Flakes: 11 grams (2+ teaspoons)
1 tsp or less (this
already in your food)
Add salt after tasting
Foods High In sodium:
3 slices sandwich meat
TV dinner 1600 milligrams
Mac and cheese 800
milligrams (1/2 a cup)
Potato chips 1 bag 500
Or 3 glasses of milk
Non-dairy Foods High in
Swiss Chard Kale
Age + 5 = your
intake up to 27
Aides in digestion.
Foods high in fiber:
Whole wheat pasta
Read the Label Activity:
Fill in the missing information from the
food label you are given: