Tech Speak: Can You Talk It?

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Transcript Tech Speak: Can You Talk It?

Tech Speak: Can You Talk It?
Michael Sauers
Technology Innovation Librarian
Nebraska Library Commission
Today’s Agenda
Short for weblog (pronounced “we blog”, but
occasionally spelled “web log”) is a web-based
publication consisting primarily of periodic articles
(normally in reverse chronological order). Although
most early weblogs were manually updated, tools
to automate the maintenance of such sites made
them accessible to a much larger population, and
the use of some sort of browser-based software is
now a typical aspect of "blogging".
Also: Blogger, blogoshpere
Notable Library blogs
Paper Cuts
 Ann Arbor District Library
 Colorado State Publications Library
 Travels with the State Librarian
A list of blogs that a particular person reads
My blogroll (via Bloglines)
[astroturfing] pejoratively describes formal
public relations projects which deliberately
seek to engineer the impression of
spontaneous, grassroots behavior
 a blog that looks like a personal blog, but is
really sponsored by a corporation.
Spam Blog
Any blog whose creator doesn’t add any written
value, the results of which are plentiful and
irrelevant results in search engines.
Typically all computer generated and all
The concept is to force search results and clickthroughs leaving to revenue generation
Sometimes also refers to comment spam.
Feed (RSS/Atom)
Really Simple Syndication
(or Rich Site Summary, or
RDF Site Summary)
 a family of XML file formats for web
syndication used by (amongst other things)
news websites and weblogs.
 Content is subscribed to, retrieved by, and
accessed through the use of an aggregator.
A software application, webpage or service
that collects syndicated content from
disparate sources and provides a
consolidated view.
 Aggregators can be Web sites, stand-alone
clients, or added to existing programs.
Outline Processor Markup
 An XML format for outlines. Originally
developed by Radio UserLand as a native
file format for an outliner application, it has
since been adopted for other uses, the most
common being to exchange lists of RSS
feeds between RSS aggregators.
A method of publishing audio broadcasts via
the Internet, allowing users to subscribe to
a feed of new files (usually MP3s). It
became popular in late 2004, largely due to
automatic downloading audio onto portable
players or personal computers.
 The “Pod” comes from the implication that
content is transferred to an iPod. However,
an iPod, or any other portable device is not
required to access podcasts.
Open source describes practices
in production and development
that promote access to the end
product's source materials –
typically, their source code.
 Well-known open-source projects include
the Linux OS, the Apache Web server, and
the Firefox browser.
Extensible Markup Language
 A W3C-recommended general-purpose
markup language for creating specialpurpose markup languages.
 Languages based on XML are defined in a
formal way, allowing programs to modify
and validate documents in these languages
without prior knowledge of their form.
The reformulation of the HTML markup
language to conform to the XML standard
 XHTML is stricter than HTML and must be
“valid” which allows for more automated
Wireless Fidelity
 Wi-Fi was intended to be used
for mobile devices and LANs,
but is now often used for Internet access.
It enables a person with a wireless-enabled
computer or personal digital assistant (PDA)
to connect to the Internet when in proximity
of an access point. The geographical region
covered by one or several access points is
called a hotspot.
Service Set Identifier
In Wi-Fi, a
service set
identifier (SSID)
is a code attached
to all packets on a
wireless network to
identify each packet
as part of that
Worldwide Interoperability for
Microwave Access
provides up to 50 km (31 miles) of linear service
area range and allows users connectivity without a
direct line of sight to a base station. The
technology also provides shared data rates up to
70 Mbit/s, which, according to WiMAX proponents,
is enough bandwidth to simultaneously support
more than 60 businesses with T1-type connectivity
and well over a thousand homes at 1Mbit/s DSLlevel connectivity.
Universal Serial Bus
 “Universal” in the sense
that it replaces parallel,
serial, and SCSI ports
 Allows up to 127 devices to be hooked up to
a single computer
 Devices are designed to be “hot swapped”
portable apps
A portable app is a computer program that
you can carry around with you on a portable
device and use on any Windows computer.
When your USB flash drive, portable hard
drive, iPod or other portable device is
plugged in, you have access to your
software and personal data just as you
would on your own PC. And when you
unplug, none of your personal data is left
Instant Messaging
A form of real-time communication between two
or more people based on typed text. The text is
conveyed via computers connected over a network
such as the Internet.
IM boosts communication and allows easy
collaboration. In contrast to e-mails or phone, the
parties know whether the peer is available.
People are not forced to reply immediately to
incoming messages.
Web 2.0
“While the old Web was about Web sites, clicks, and
“eyeballs,” the new Web is about communities,
participation and peering. As users and computer power
multiply, and easy-to-use tools proliferate, the Internet is
evolving into a global, living, networked computer that
anyone can program. Even the simple act of participating
in an online community makes a contribution to the new
digital commons – whether one’s building a business on
Amazon or producing a video clip for YouTube, creating a
community around his or her flickr photo collection or
editing the astronomy entry on Wikipedia.”
– Wikinomics, Don Tapscott & Anthony D. Williams
The Social Web
Also known as social software and social
Allows you to share with your colleagues,
friends, family and strangers.
 Allows you to share your writings, thoughts,
videos, music, pictures and more.
Social networking Web site offering an
interactive, user-submitted network of
friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups,
photos, music, and videos.
An online social photo sharing service
 One a user uploads a photo then can then
give the them titles, descriptions and tags
 arrange them into sets
 contribute them to multi-user pools
 post their’s or other’s to a blog
 keep a list of favorite photos
 leave comments and notes
 subscribe to photo feeds
An online social bookmarking service
 Benefits
bookmarks accessible from any Internetconnected computer
 tagging
 bundling
 subscribe via RSS feeds
A web application that allows users to add
content, but also allows anyone to edit the
content. The term Wiki also refers to the
collaborative software used to create such a
 Editing does not require knowledge of
A Web-based, multi-language, free-content
encyclopedia written collaboratively by
volunteers and sponsored by the nonprofit Wikimedia Foundation. It has editions
in about 200 different languages and contains
entries both on traditional encyclopedic topics and on
almanac, gazetteer, and current events topics. Its
purpose is to create and distribute a free international
encyclopedia in as many languages as possible.
Wikipedia contains approximately 1.6 million articles.
More than 600,000 of these are in English.
Wikipedia’s volunteers enforce a policy of "neutral point
of view" whereby views presented by notable persons
or literature are summarized without an attempt to
determine an objective truth.
Second Life
An avatar (sometimes AV, av, or avvie) is an
icon or representation of a user. The term is used
on MUDs, in computer role-playing games, and
shared non-gaming universes such as Active
Worlds, Entropia Universe, There, Second Life, and
The Palace.
The term has also been applied to online virtual
communities, and Internet forums in particular, as
a picture that a member has elected to display
alongside his or her contributions in order to
represent themselves. Avatars have also become
popular in instant messaging, and are beginning to
be seen in mobile phone communications.
A website or application that combines content
from more than one source into an integrated
A musical genre which, in its purest form, consists
of the combination (usually by digital means) of
the music from one song with the a cappella from
another. Typically, the music and vocals belong to
completely different genres. At their best, bastard
pop songs strive for musical epiphanies that add
up to considerably more than the sum of their
Asynchronous JavaScript and XML
A web development technique for creating
interactive web applications. The intent is to make
web pages feel more responsive by exchanging
small amounts of data with the server behind the
scenes, so that the entire web page does not have
to be reloaded each time the user makes a
change. This is meant to increase the web page's
interactivity, speed, and usability.
Creative Commons
Creative Commons licenses
provide a flexible range of
protections and freedoms for authors,
artists, and educators. We have built upon
the "all rights reserved" concept of
traditional copyright to offer a voluntary
"some rights reserved" approach. We're a
nonprofit organization. All of our tools are
Michael Sauers
[email protected]