Lifelong Nutrition Needs

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Transcript Lifelong Nutrition Needs

Food for a Week
The following photographs
represent a week’s worth of food for families around
the world.
Write these questions in your journals:
 Which families consume more fruits and vegetables?
 Which families consume LEAN protein?
 Which consume more empty calorie snack foods?
 Answer the questions as we go through
the pictures of each family
Family from Germany
Family from Bhutan
Family from Ecuador
Family from Mexico
Family from Egypt
Family from Chad
Family from the United States
We are the nation with the richest food
supply in the world.
Are we the healthiest?
Reflect in your journals about the pictures we just
looked at. Write at least 4 sentences about your
feelings. Were you surprised? Angry? Confused?
Answer the questions you wrote down.
Lifelong Nutritional Needs
 9.NPA.1.2 Organize meal plans to meet special
dietary needs for athletes, pregnant women,
diabetics, and those experiencing allergies.
 9.NPA.1.3 Recognize the benefits of folic acid and
other vitamins and minerals
 9.NPA.2.3 Summarize the effects of hydration and
dehydration and preventive measures for
Factors affecting your nutritional needs:
 Age
 Food allergies
 Gender
 Lactose intolerance
 Activity Level
 Celiac disease
 Pregnancy
 High blood pressure
 Diabetes
 High cholesterol
 Your body needs more calories during your teen
years to support growth
 As you get older your needs will change based on
activity level
 On average, females tend to need fewer calories than
 Throughout their lives, females have a greater need
for some nutrients
Iron & Calcium
Pregnant women need extra nutrients as well as calories
 The more active you are, the more calories your body
 Teen athletes may need from 2,000-5,000 calories
per day, depending on their sport and on the
intensity, length, and frequency of training
 Teen girls should drink about 9 cups of non-
caffeinated fluids each day
 Teen boys should drink 13 cups
 Preferably WATER
 An unborn baby receives nourishment from the
 Need to consume an additional 300 calories per day
to achieve a healthy weight gain
 Females at a healthy weight before pregnancy can
gain between 25-35 lbs.
 Nutrition During Pregnancy Video
 Gaining too little weight can result in a small, underdeveloped
 Gaining too much weight can result in an early delivery
Increase mother’s risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, and varicose
 Pregnant females are encouraged to take prenatal vitamins to
provide a balance of nutrients:
Vitamin A
Vitamin B complex
Folic acid
Reduces the risk of having a baby with a serious birth defect
Spina bifida– born with a spine that is not closed
 Must monitor their eating carefully
 Blood sugar must stay in a healthy range
 Diabetics who use insulin must tailor the amount of
insulin they inject to the amount of carbohydrates in
the foods they eat
 Some people can control their diabetes without
medication and just by carefully controlling the
carbohydrates in foods and beverages they consume
 Can range from simply annoying to life threatening
 People with severe food allergies must avoid the
foods and ingredients they are allergic to
 They must carefully check the ingredients on food
labels and when dining out make sure to ask their
server specific questions about how the food is
 Food Allergies Report
 People with this food intolerance can’t easily digest
the lactose in milk and some dairy products
 Solutions:
Consume smaller amounts of milk or get your calcium from
cheese and yogurt, which contain less lactose
Take lactase (the enzyme needed to digest lactose) in liquid or
tablet form when they eat dairy products
 Gluten intolerance
 This condition makes people unable to tolerate a protein called
 Gluten is found in wheat, rye, and barley
 Treatment:
 Avoid these grains and anything made from them, including
bread and pasta
 There are many gluten-free options available in the grocery
store, you just have to look!
 Managing Celiac Disease
 “Silent Killer”
 Can result in heart problems, stroke, or kidney problems with
few or no warning symptoms
 Eating salt can raise a person’s blood pressure
 This effect is stronger in some individuals than
 People with high blood pressure are often
encouraged to keep their salt intake low
 Eat to Lower Blood Pressure
 Cholesterol= a waxy, fat-like substance in your blood
 Needed to create cell walls, certain hormones, and vitamin D
 Too much cholesterol can build up and clog arteries
 Raises your risk of heart disease
 People with high cholesterol may need to reduce
their intake of saturated fats and trans fats
These fats increase cholesterol production in the body
My Healthy Eating & Physical Activity Goals
 You will now work on creating a goal for eating
healthy and exercising
 This goal sheet will be kept in your personal folders
 In 3 weeks you will look back on your goals to see
what you have accomplished (May 21st)
Were you successful or unsuccessful?
 Let’s look at how to write an achievable goal…
Writing a Goal
 A well-written goal should have these characteristics:
 Doable
 Something you can realistically accomplish in the next 3
 Specific
 It gives clear details of what you want to do.
 Measurable
 It allows you to determine or measure if you have
accomplished your goal at the end of 3 weeks.
What’s Wrong with These Goals?
 Poorly Written: I want to exercise more.
 Well-written: I will jog 3 days each week for at least 20
minutes each time.
 Poorly Written: I will eat less junk food.
 Well-written: I will only eat 1 serving of fats, oils, or sweets
each day.
 Poorly Written: I will eat more fruit and lift weights more
 Well-written: (Choose one) I will eat 3 servings of fruit each
day. OR I will lift weights for 30 minutes 3 times each week.