Site Development Foundations

Download Report

Transcript Site Development Foundations

Site Development
© 2004 ProsoftTraining
All rights reserved
Lesson 2:
Markup Language and
Site Development
Discuss the history of markup languages
Distinguish between HTML and XHTML
Identify HTML and XHTML flavors
Explain the value of universal markup
Demonstrate knowledge of site
management principles
Plan Web site development
History of Markup Languages
Standard Generalized Markup Language
• Originally created by IBM in 1986
• A metalanguage, meaning it is used to
create other languages
• The basis for HTML, XHTML and XML
• You create your own document rules
using a Document Type Definition (DTD)
History of
Markup Languages (cont’d)
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
• Though based on SGML, invented by Tim
• Allows hyperlinks
HTML versions include:
• HTML 3.2
• HTML 4.01 (the most popular version of HTML)
HTML 4.0 flavors include:
• 4.01 Transitional -- allows deprecated tags, not
as strict
• 4.01 Strict -- requires all container tags and no
allows deprecated tags
• 4.01 Frameset -- for use with frames
History of
Markup Languages (cont’d)
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
• XML describes data instead of formatting
• HTML or XHTML provides formatting and
document structure
• A subset SGML, also a metalanguage
XML documents have a tree structure
XML documents must be well-formed
XML and valid documents: the DTD
XML and style sheets
From HTML to XML
Universal Markup Creation
Follow W3C standards
Benefits of following standards include:
• Code will render as expected in more
• Pages will be more scalable (as you add
more sophisticated content, you will not
run into problems)
• Pages are more likely to be available to
disabled users
Web Site
Development Principles
Project management and the Web development
project cycle
• Create and document an initial Web site plan
• Obtain relevant input from stakeholders
• Communicate the Web site plan
• Consider technical and non-technical
• Develop the site
• Publish the site
• Manage the site
Creating and Documenting
an Initial Web Site Plan
Site plan is a rough outline of
planned development
• Site diagram
• Storyboard
Eventually becomes a site map for
completed site
Determining audience and message
Validating design issues
• Consider issues such as central
message, fonts, images, colors, ethnic
Obtaining Relevant Input
from Stakeholders
Stakeholders are relevant organization
employees or contributors who can
provide or help determine:
• The purpose of the Web site
• The services that the audience requires from
the site
• Development timelines
As you work with stakeholders:
• Remember that non-technical people may be
asked to approve your project
• You must translate technical issues into nontechnical language
Documenting and
Communicating the Plan
Create a storyboard
Document decisions in meetings and follow up
Communicate the plan in various ways:
• Calling relevant parties to ensure that
everyone is satisfied
• Sending e-mail messages
• Sending postal (“snail mail”) messages if
• Sending fax messages
• Telephone calls
Communicating the Plan
Use oral presentations and
presentation aids, including:
• Presentation software
• Overhead projection
• Whiteboards
• Easel and poster paper
• Charts
• Published handouts
Leading Discussions
Strategies leaders use to
manage a meeting:
• Make introductions
• Recall past business
• Create a list of action items,
including timelines
• Monitor time
• Ensure proper discussion focus
• Handle heated discussions
• Distribute minutes
Considering Technical and NonTechnical Issues
Leaders can ensure communication by:
• Regularly asking if anyone has questions
• Asking team members to summarize
their understanding of decisions
• Asking a third party to deliver a
summary of progress
• Writing regular updates about the project
Developing the Site
As your team develops the site, you will be
engaged in various activities:
• Creating markup code
• Testing functionality
• Approving the site
• Publishing the site
Testing Pages in
Multiple Browsers
As you develop Web pages, test them using
multiple Web browsers
Different generation of the same browser may
interpret HTML somewhat differently
Browser vendors also implement standards
Browser types include:
• Microsoft Internet Explorer
• Netscape/Mozilla
• Lynx
• Opera
Publishing the Site
To publish a site, you need to know:
• The IP address and/or DNS name of the
• User name and authentication
• The destination directory (i.e., folder) on
the Web server
• Space requirements
• The protocol you will use to upload the
Working with service providers
Managing the Site
When managing a site, you must be
prepared to:
• Create new content
• Update dead links
• Remove old sites
• Remove unused pages
• Ensure connectivity
• Report access troubles
• Process feedback from customers and
Obtaining Feedback
Your Web team must process various types
of feedback
Feedback can come from various sources
Ways to obtain quality feedback
• Providing Web forms on the site that ask
for customer input
• Conducting surveys in person
• Conducting surveys via e-mail
Intellectual Property
A unique product or idea created by an individual
or organization
• Generally has commercial value
Never “borrow” content without express, written
Review copyright and trademark issues (e.g., trade
secrets, licensing, infringement, plagiarism)
Understand copyright scope, reach and time limits
Consider ethical issues of copyright, trademark and
Avoid copyright infringement, trademark
infringement and plagiarism by:
• Reviewing content
• Obtaining express, written consent
• Creating reasonable deadlines
Increasingly, Web development work (including
site design) is being outsourced to workers in
remote locations
• May save the company money
• May require you to work with remote
As you use and work with remote teams, you
may have to obtain:
• Non-Disclosure Agreements (NDAs)
• Legal consultation