The Praise of Folly

Download Report

Transcript The Praise of Folly

Renewal in
Ch. 11
The Renaissance
Section 3
The Renaissance beyond Italy
7.8 Students analyze the origins, accomplishments, and
geographic diffusion of the Renaissance.
Describe the growth and effects of new ways of
disseminating information (e.g., the ability to manufacture
paper, translation of the Bible into the vernacular, printing).
Detail advances made in literature, the arts, science,
mathematics, cartography, engineering, and the
understanding of human anatomy and astronomy (e.g., by
Dante Alighieri, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo di
Buonarroti Simoni, Johann Gutenberg, William
Key Terms
 Johann
 Christian humanism
 Desiderius Erasmus
 Albrecht Duer
 Migel de Cervantes
 William Shakespeare
Outline of the Chapter
The Renaissance beyond Italy
I. Spread of New Ideas
A. Paper and Printing
1. Johann Gutenberg
2. Printing press
B. New Universities
1. Italian universities
2. Students became teachers in Europe
II. The Northern Renaissance
A. A Northern Scholar
1. Desiderius Erasmus – The Praise of Folly
B. Northern Renaissance Art
1. Realistic, include flaws
2. Albrecht Durer
III. Literature beyond Italy
A. Miguel de Cervantes – Don Quixote
B. William Shakespeare – poems and plays
Spread of New Ideas
Explain: What are two advantages that
paper had over animal skins?
 It
was cheaper and easier to prepare
Analyze: If you needed to create a copy of
a single 100-page book, do you think it
would be easier to use Gutenberg’s press or
to write the book by hand? Why?
 Because
of the time required to set the
type, it might be easier to make a single
copy by hand
What if you needed to make
200 copies? Why?
 To
make multiple copies, the printing press
would be more efficient
Predict: How do you think the availability of
paper and the printing press would have
changed students’ lives?
 It
made books cheaper and easier to
spread ideas
The Northern Renaissance
Recall: What did Erasmus
criticize in The Praise of Folly?
 Corrupt
clergy and church rituals he
considered meaningless
Analyze: How do you think young women
who lived during the Renaissance felt about
the changes occurring in Europe?
 Possible
answers – some women may
have resented being excluded from the
universities but glad that they could
influence change in other ways
Make Judgments: What might painting
people to show all of their flaws reveal
about how an artist views people?
 Possible
answer – It shows that the artist
does not see people as perfect, but as
real individuals
Explain: What is a print?
work of art reproduced from the original
Analyze: Why do you think many Northern
Renaissance artist drew religious scenes?
 Possible
answers – even though they were
humanists, religion was very important to
them; also religious leaders were willing to
pay for such artwork
Which of the artists’ works show in
this chapter do you most enjoy?
Literature beyond Italy
This picture shows the
English dramatist and poet,
William Shakespeare (15641616). Undated engraving.
Brain Pop:
William Shakespeare
Identify: What kinds of plays
did Shakespeare write?
 Comedies,
tragedies, and histories
Analyze: Why do you think Cervantes
thought his time was much better than the
Middle Ages?
 The
Renaissance had a focus on love of
learning and sharing of ideas
Make Judgments: Do you agree with
Shakespeare’s statement that “all the
world’s a stage”? Why or why not?