Renaissance overview lecture

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Transcript Renaissance overview lecture

• 1300-1500
• Characterized by creativity, interest in
learning, and a desired to explore the
human experience
• Renaissance (Ren) means “rebirth”
• A rebirth of “poetry, rhetoric, painting,
sculpture, architecture, music…
• Italian City-States: birthplace of the
• Reasons:
• Contact with the Arab world – Islamic Empires
• New interest in the culture of Rome
• Cities of Italy survived the Middle Ages
– Florence, Milan, Venice, Genoa, etc
• Wealthy and powerful merchant
Trade and manufacturing
Contributed to politics and economics
Stressed education and individual achievements
• Florence and the Medici’s
– Symbolize Italian Renaissance
– 1400s- Medici family organized successful
banking business expanded
– Controlled city government
• Cosimo de Medici
• Lorenzo “the Magnificent”
What was the Renaissance?
• Time of creativity and change in:
• Political, social, economic and cultural
• Worldview
• Renewed interest in classical times (Greece, Rome)
• Saw disorder and disunity of middle ages
• Emphasis on individual achievement instead of
• Humanism
– Focused on worldly subjects rather than on
the religious issues that had occupied
medieval thinkers
– Pious Christians hoped to use Wisdoms of
ancients to increase understanding of their
own times
– Return to classical education- Humanists
• Francesco Petrarch
– Wrote sonnets
– Leading Renaissance writers
• Golden Age
– Painting, sculpture and architecture
• Humanist concerns
• Portrayed religious figures
• Art
– Jesus and Mary
• Set figures against Greek or Roman backgrounds
• Portraits of well known patrons
– period in art history started in Italy in the late 13th
– represented a revival of the arts
– complete change in how artists would depict the
visible world around them.
– spread throughout Western Europe
– last until the late 1500’s.
• Some notable aspects of this art movement were:
• Oil paint was first used to replace egg tempera as the major art
medium of the time.
Ideas of Ancient Rome were adapted into many art works in Italy.
More daily life activities were depicted in Dutch paintings.
• A partial list of artists involved during this period
Hieronymous Bosch
Sandro Botticelli
Leonardo Da Vinci
Albrecht Durer
El Greco
Van Eyck