chapter 17_1 italy_ birthplace of the renaissance

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Transcript chapter 17_1 italy_ birthplace of the renaissance

David (1501-1504),
17.1 and 17.2
The Italian Renaissance is a rebirth of learning that produces many great works of art and
The Renaissance
 Renaissance—an explosion of creativity in art,
writing, and thought
 Started in northern Italy
 Lasted from 1300-1600
Merchants and the Medici
A wealthy merchant class develops
More emphasis on individual achievement
Banking family, the Medici, controls Florence
Great patron of the arts in Italy
Looking to Greece and Rome
 Artists and scholars study ruins of Rome, and study
Latin and Greek manuscripts
 Scholars move to Rome after the fall of
Constantinople in 1453.
Classics Lead to Humanism
 Humanism—intellectual movement focused on
human achievements
 Humanists studied classical texts, history,
literature, and philosophy
Worldly Pleasures
 Renaissance society was secular—worldly
 Wealthy enjoyed fine food, homes, and clothes
Patrons of the Arts
 Patron—a financial supporter
of artists
 Church leaders spend money
on artworks to beautify cities
 Wealthy merchants also
patrons of the arts
The Renaissance Man
 Excels in many fields: the
classics, art, politics, and
 Baldassare Castiglione’s
(pictured right)The Courtier
(1528) teaches how to
become a “universal” person
The Renaissance
 Upper-class, educated in
classics, charming
 Expected to inspire art
but not create it
 Isabella d’Este, patron of
the artists, wields power
in Mantua
Artistic Styles Change
 Artists use realistic style copied from classical art,
often to portray religious subjects
 Painters use perspective—a way to show three
dimensions on canvas
Realistic Painting and Sculpture
 Realistic portraits of prominent citizens
 Sculpture shows natural postures and expressions
 The biblical David is a favorite subject among
sculptors (although he looks more like a classical
painted after
1535 of
at the age of
60 by Jacopino
del Conte
The novel and
film The Agony
and the
Ecstasy is
about him
painting the
Sistine Chapel
for Pope Julius
Photo of the ceiling of the
Sistine Chapel
The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo,
found of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
The Last
Judgment in
the Sistine
Leonardo, Renaissance
 Leonardo da Vinci—
painter, sculptor,
inventor, scientist
 Paints one of the bestknown portraits in the
world: the Mona Lisa
 Famous religious
painting: The Last
Left: Mona Lisa
Above: The Last Supper
Design of a flying
machine based
on bat’s wings
Raphael Advances
 Raphael Sanzio, famous
for his use of perspective
 Favorite subject: the
Madonna and child
 Famous painting: School
of Athens
New Trends in Writing
 Writers use the
vernacular—their native
 Self-expression or to
portray individuality of the
Petrarch and Boccaccio
 Francesco Petrarch,
humanist and poet;
woman named Laura is his
 Boccaccio is best known
for the Decameron, a
series of stories
Machiavelli Advises
 Niccolo Machievelli,
author of a political
guidebook, The Prince
 The Prince examines
how rulers can gain and
keep power
1450…. Population rebounds from the Black
Death and the destructive Hundred’s Year
War ends in 1453
Italian Renaissance ideas spread to the North
and mingle with the northern traditions
creating a renaissance with its own style.
Albrecht Durer (German) creates art that is
richer and more common based than the
Italian art but rich in colors and themes
Jan van Eyck (Dutch) paints works that are
realistic in details and show great
individuality of the subjects.
Humanists tried to influence society with
Christian values.
Desiderius Erasmus of Holland and Thomas
More of England.
More writes Utopia about an imaginary place
where greed, corruption, and war have been
wiped out.
Christian Humanist believed women should
be educated, founded schools for women
1558 Elizabeth becomes Queen of England
after the death of her half sister Mary “
Bloody Mary” both are daughters of King
Henry VIII
As a women can be in here age she was
highly educated and skilled in art, music,
literature, and languages
One of the most famous playwrites and
writers in history
He used the classics and drew on them for
ideas and inspiration.
He is know to have created more words to
the English language then anyone else
Many of his characters show the flaws in
Johann Gutenberg and the Printing Press
 Improved on the idea of the Chinese around 1440
he designed a machine that would reproduce an
entire page of a work.
 Books could now be printed quickly and cheaply
 First religious books (Bible) then others works.
 This increased access to books inspires literacy in
the general popualtion
The Arts
 Art drew on the style and techniques of classical
Greece and Rome
Portrayed art in a more realistic manner
Artists created work that was more secular in
Writers began use of the vernacular
Art praised individual acheivement
Printing made information more available
Increased the desire to learn and literacy
Lead to an era of expanded discoveries
Christian Humanists tried to reform society
People began to question practices of
religion, and politics