Transcript Drugs and Medicines - Garnet Valley School District
Drugs and Medicines 6th Grade Lesson 1 Page D4-D11 How Medicines Help You • Drug: a substance that changes the way the body or mind works • Medicine: a Drug used to prevent or cure illness or disease, or to relieve pain. – Pain relievers, allergy pills,, eyedrops, cough syrup How Medicines Help You • Prescription Drug: a medicine that can be obtained only with a written order from a physician. • Over-the-Counter Drug: OTC- a medicine that can be purchased without a prescription. How Drugs Enter the Body • Drugs can enter the body in many ways. How Drugs Affect the Body • Dose: the amount of a drug taken at one time. – Doses differ for age, body weight and other factors that determine a drug’s effect. How Drugs Affect the Body • • • • • • • Amount of the dose Age of a person Body weight Health of a person State of mind of a person Other drugs in the body Side effects How Drugs Affect the Body • Side effect: an unwanted reaction to a drug • Tolerance: a condition in which increasing amounts of a drug are needed to produce the desired effects What do you think? • All medicines are drugs, but not all drugs are medicines. Drug Misuse • The harmful use of a leagl drug that is not done on purpose. – – – – Lack of knowledge Not following instructions Misread a label Take after expiration date Drug Abuse • Harmful use of any drug on purpose. – Taking a higher dose than recommended – Using prescriptin drugs without a prescription – Using illegal drugs – Using alcohol or tobacco if underage Drug Dependence • A person craves a drug and uses it repeatedly. • Dependence can be physical, psychological, or both Physical Dependence • Repeated drug use that causes tolerance. – Not taking it could cause problems such as headaches, chills and nausea. These are known as withdrawal symptoms. Psychological Dependence • The repeated use of a drug for emotional or social reasons. Signs of Drug Abuse • • • • • • Talking about trying a drug Lying about drug use Hiding drugs Smelling like alcohol Suddenly getting into trouble Spending time with peers who use drugs.