Intel`s 3D Transistor

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Transcript Intel`s 3D Transistor

Intel’s 3D Transistor
BENJAMIN BAKER
Where we are headed

What is a transistor?


Moore’s Law


What it is and what does it do?
Who is Moore and what is his law?
Intel’s New Architecture for a 3-D transistor

Explain what the new architecture is and why it is better than what is
used today.
Brief Transistor History

Before transistors were invented, vacuum tubes were used.

These vacuum tubes are also called thermionic valves

Transistors were first introduced in 1907.

In 1947, experiments were observed on new transistor technologies.

The first commercial working transistor was made in 1954.
Why are they important?

Transistors are used in practically all electronic devices

It is considered to be one of the greatest inventions of the 20th
century

Integrated Circuit – a set of electronic circuits on a microchip
What does it do?

A logic gate is a physical device that implements a Boolean
function.

A transistor is used as an amplifier

A transistor can be used as a switch
How a transistor works
Moore’s Law

Named after Gordon E. Moore.

States that the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles
every two years.

Intel often quotes this as 18 months.

It is really not considered a “law”

Sources in 2005 say it is expected to continue until
2015 up to 2020.
Today’s transistor
Intel’s New Transistor Architecture

Specs:

Transistors will run on a 22nm microprocessor

Transistors are tri-gate

The first chip to use these transistors is called “Ivy Bridge”
New Transistors
Has a three sided fin
50% power reduction at constant performance
37% performance increase at a low voltage
Improved performance and energy efficiency due to more
control over the gate
Intel’s Plan


This new architecture will

allow more energy efficient technology

Faster computing due to increased control and smaller transistors
Will bring in a new era of computing

Supercomputers

Laptops

Smartphones
What we went over

Transistor history and function

Moore’s Law and who Moore is

What our current transistors look like

Why 3-D transistors are better

Intel’s plan for the future.
Questions?