EMPOWERING INTEGRITY

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Transcript EMPOWERING INTEGRITY

NATIONAL INTEGRITY
CONVENTION
STRENGTHENING PUBLIC SERVICE & INSTITUTIONS
WITH INTEGRITY
THROUGH HUMAN VALUES
by
AZIUDDIN AHMAD, PhD
Professor
THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT
UNIVERSITI PUTRA MALAYSIA
7 November 2008
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DISCUSSION POINTS
• INTEGRITY REVISITED
• WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE HUMAN?
• ISLAM, IMAN & IHSAN
• CORPORATE INTEGRITY vs. HUMAN INTEGRITY
• BENCHMARKING INTEGRITY
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INTEGRITY REVISITED
• Words emanate meaning
• Etymology – Integrity from Latin integritas integer,
whole number, being whole being one – AL TAWHID
• Integrity is a state/conditioning, but not an end-state
• The actuator/actualizer
• Originally only be applied to human beings
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WHAT DOES IT MEAN
TO BE HUMAN?
• Natural vs. Artificial/Legal person
• The spiritual is what makes human, human (Salleh &
Ahmad, 2008 & Stapp, 2008)
• Physical is for locomotion
• Human’s drive is towards inspiration, meaning &
purpose
• Ad Dhariyat Quran (51:56)
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ISLAM, IMAN & IHSAN
• IHSAN – Virtue, Perfection, Excellence
• Third dimension of Islam
• Life is series of dilemmas
• Ihsan is Governance
• Story of Muadh ibn Jabal
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CORPORATE INTEGRITY vs. HUMAN
INTEGRITY
DESCRIPTIVES
Governance
Source
Methodology
CORPORATE
INTEGRITY
Rules &
Compliance
Legal
Enactments
Procedural
HUMAN
INTEGRITY
Adab & Values
Innate
Emergent
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BENCHMARKING INTEGRITY
• What is legal MAY NOT be moral
• What is moral is legal
• INTEGRITY – IS IT LAW OR BEYOND LAW?
• Conformance or Beyond Conformance?
• Rising beyond the self: Rectification of character
– getting rid of bad attributes (Murata & Chittick, 1994)
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COMPLIANCE- & VALUES-BASED
• CB approach is divorced from values and ethics i.e. THE
SPIRIT
• CB system, what is not prohibited is allowed. Attention is
NOT on doing what is right but on NOT DOING what is
wrong, NOT on doing one’s best but on NOT DOING one’s
worst
• VB encourages NOT to do ethical minimum but to DO
ethical maximum
• Rules DO NOT inspire. Values DO
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THANK YOU