Class #4(Jan 27)

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Transcript Class #4(Jan 27)

Welcome To
Rural Sociology 2225 “Science,
Technology and Society”
Mary Grigsby
Associate Professor of Rural Sociology
Division of Applied Social Sciences
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Topics of Discussion
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Class Business
 Tips for Successful
PowerPoint Slides
Grading of TakeHome Exercise
 Seating Chart
Classroom
Management
Professionalism and
Courtesy Guidelines
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McGinn
1. List three values that are “widely
regarded as integral to the enterprise of
ethics in contemporary Western
societies.” (3 pts)
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McGinn
1. Answer
Freedom, justice,
human rights, life,
liberty, privacy ….
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McGinn
2. List and describe the four kinds of
consideration that McGinn says are
pertinent to ethical decisions and
judgment making. (8 pts)
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Two Volunteers Needed
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Professionalism and Courtesy
Guidelines
Write ideas on the board
Make a list of the ideas that
consolidates similar points
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McGinn
2. Answer
1. The Facts of the
Matter
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Empirical data
analysis
Empirical data on
impacts on social
groups/society
2. Affected Patients
and Their Interests
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Identify all affected
parities with a
legitimate stake in the
outcome
All protectable
interests of each
stakeholder should be
delineated
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McGinn
3. Key Concepts,
Criteria, and
Principles
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Concepts, criteria and
principles in terms of
which the ethical
issue or conflict in
question is
formulated and
debated need to be
identified.
4. Ethical Theories
and Arguments
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Consequentialist
(Utilitarian)
“Deontological”
(inhernet right or
wrong)
NeoConsequentialist
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The Amish
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3. The Amish do not engage in fighting in
wars because they believe, based on their
religion, that the taking of life of another
human being under any circumstances is
immoral. In the terminology used by
McGinn, for the Amish, fighting in a war
would be a violation of a(n)
______________________of the group. (1
pts)
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The Amish
Answer:
exceptionless moral
principle
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Tzu-gung and Alcorn
4. The story of Tzu-gung and the
Gardener suggests and Alcorn
maintains that there is a relationship
between technology and evolution.
Explain this relationship and what it
means for humanity and the world. (3
pts)
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Tsu-gung and Alcorn
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Answer: Technologies that humans
create and choose to use change what
it means to be human, they produce a
human created evolution of the
species.
Humans produce change through the
creation of technology rather than mutation.
We can very quickly generalize a new “trait”
over the entire population. (Alcorn)
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