Class Session 3B

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Transcript Class Session 3B

Discipleship Across the
Lifespan
Trinity International University
Class #3b
Moral Development
Definition of
Terms
Faith
Morals
Values
Therefore, to one who knows the right thing
to do, and does not do it, to him it is sin.
(James 4:17)
Knowing
what is
right
A Great Gulf
Doing
what is
right
For I know that nothing good dwells in me,
that is, in my flesh; for the wishing is present
in me, but the doing of the good is not.
19 For the good that I wish, I do not do; but I
practice the very evil that I do not wish.
(Romans 7:18-19)
Knowing
what is
right
A Great Gulf
Doing
what is
right
Knowing
what is
right
A Great Gulf
How do we
bridge the
gap?
Doing
what is
right
Knowing
what is
right
A Great Gulf
What approaches
have you seen to
be less than
adequate?
Doing
what is
right
Lawrence Kohlberg
1927-1987
Center for Moral
Development
Harvard
Stages of
Moral
Development
Stage 6:
Universal Ethical
Principles
Stage 5: Social Contract & Individual
Rights: Greatest good
Stage 4: Social Systems & Conscience
Law & Order Morality
Stage 3: Mutual Interpersonal Expectations
Good boy / nice girl
Stage 2: Self-Interest Orientation
What’s in it for me?
Stage 1: Heteronomous Morality – External only
How can I avoid punishment?
Stages of
Moral
Development
Stage 6:
Universal Ethical
Focus upon
Principles
Individuals
Stage 5: Social Contract & Individual
(Post conventional)
Rights: Greatest good
Stage 4: Social Systems & Conscience
Focus upon
Law & Order Morality
Society
Stage 3: Mutual Interpersonal Expectations
(Conventional)
Good boy / nice girl
Stage 2: Self-Interest Orientation
What’s in it for me?
Ego-centric
Stage 1: Heteronomous Morality –(Pre-conventional)
External only
How can I avoid punishment?
Stages of
Moral
Development
Love the Lord
Love your neighbor
as yourself
Because God said so &
He is to be obeyed
Christians are called to be
a holy people
Health, Wealth, & Prosperity
preaching
Hell, fire, & damnation preaching
Repent or else!
Focus upon
Individuals
(Post conventional)
Focus upon
Society
(Conventional)
Ego-centric
(Pre-conventional)
Stages of
Love the Lord
Moral
Development Love
Love your neighbor
as yourself
Because God said so &
Gratitude
&
He
is to be obeyed
Obligation
Christians
are called to be
a holy people
Health, Wealth, & Prosperity
preaching
Fear
Hell, fire, & damnation preaching
Repent or else!
Focus upon
Individuals
(Post conventional)
Focus upon
Society
(Conventional)
Ego-centric
(Pre-conventional)
Focus upon
Individuals
Christian groups that
have numerous rules
and regulations will
actually hinder the
liberation of their people
into postconventional
thinking.
― Perry Downs, Pg 106.
(Post conventional)
Focus upon
Society
(Conventional)
Ego-centric
(Pre-conventional)
Faith Development
James W. Fowler
Director of the Center for
Research in Faith & Moral
Development, Emory
University
Six Stages of Faith
Stages of
Faith
Development
Stage 6:
Universalizing Faith
Transforming process
Stage 5: Conjunctive Faith
Awareness of perspective
Stage 4: Individual/Reflective Faith
Focus upon personal faith
Stage 3: Synthetic/Conventional Faith
Commitment to church & leaders
Stage 2: Mythic/Literal Faith: Childhood
Limited to concrete thinking
Stage 1: Intuitive/Projective Faith: Early Childhood
Images & Stories
What is
the place
of the Holy
Spirit in
this
process?
Stage 6:
Universalizing Faith
Transforming process
Stage 5: Conjunctive Faith
Awareness of perspective
Stage 4: Individual/Reflective Faith
Focus upon personal faith
Stage 3: Synthetic/Conventional Faith
Commitment to church & leaders
Stage 2: Mythic/Literal Faith: Childhood
Limited to concrete thinking
Stage 1: Intuitive/Projective Faith: Early Childhood
Images & Stories
How have
you seen
Stage 6: Universalizing Faith
aspects of
Transforming process
these
Stage 5: Conjunctive Faith
stages in
Awareness of perspective
your own
Stage 4: Individual/Reflective Faith
life?
Focus upon personal faith
Stage 3: Synthetic/Conventional Faith
Commitment to church & leaders
Stage 2: Mythic/Literal Faith: Childhood
Limited to concrete thinking
Stage 1: Intuitive/Projective Faith: Early Childhood
Images & Stories
Components in Growth
The Role
of the
Holy Spirit
The Role
of the
Teacher
The Role
of the
Student
The Role
of the
Curriculum
The Role of the Teacher
Agree or Disagree?
The primary
role of the
teacher is to
serve the
needs of this
student
When God wanted to
communicate with us, He
wrapped His message in a
person. We are called to
do the same thing.
Your teaching will always have
one of two results in the lives
of your students…
Contamination
Innoculation
The goal of the teacher is to
make the student self-sustaining.
You want to bring your students to
the place where you are
unnecessary to the process of
their spiritual growth.
The Role of the Curriculum
The Lesson Plan
A planned strategy designed
to produce…
• Exposure
• Encounter
• Application
Exposure
Encounter
Experience
Gives
knowledge
Gives insight
& conviction
Facilitates
decision &
behavior
What does the
Bible say?
How will I
convey it to
my students?
How will it
change their
lives?
The
Event
People &
where they
live
Biblical
Principles
Teaching Methods
•
•
•
•
•
•
Role Playing
Questions & Answers
Audio-Visual
Story telling
Lecture
Drama
Point of Contact
• Entice the attention
of your students
• They do not come
ready to learn
• Your job is to
stimulate the desire
to learn
If the
Scriptures
are central,
then make
them
central
The
purpose of
your
teaching is
more that
the mere
impartation
of trivia
The Role of the Student
People learn best
when they are
actively involved in
the learning
process
Teaching is to be defined,
not as what the teacher
does, but by what the
student learns.
I am primarily and continually
a student
You may stop taking classes, but
you will never stop learning.
Seven Laws of Learning
• Law of previous experience: New learning
should be linked to (and build upon) the
experiences of the learner.
• Law of relevance: Effective learning is
relevant to the live of the learner.
• Law of expectations: A learner’s ability to
learn will be affected by his expectations.
• Law of active learning: Active responding
produces more effective learning than
passive listening or reading.
Seven Laws of Learning
• Law of practice and feedback: Learners
cannot master skills without repeated
practice and relevant feedback.
• Law of individual differences: Different
people learn in different ways.
• Law of emotional learning: Events that are
accompanied by intense emotions result in
long-lasting learning.
The problem of motivation
involves overcoming initial inertia
It is always easier to steer a
moving object
The Role of the Holy Spirit
1 Corinthians 3:1-3
And I, brethren, could not speak to
you as to spiritual men, but as to
men of flesh, as to babes in
Christ. 2 I gave you milk to drink,
not solid food; for you were not yet
able to receive it. Indeed, even
now you are not yet able, 3 for
you are still fleshly. For since there
is jealousy and strife among you,
are you not fleshly, and are you
not walking like mere men?