Temperate Deciduous Forest - Fitz

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Transcript Temperate Deciduous Forest - Fitz

Temperate Deciduous Forest
By Coco, Jack, Jake, and Sara
Coco
THE BOTANIST
Tawny Milkcap Mushroom
Soil gives the plant water for the plant to grow and stay healthy.
The mushroom has gills to absorb water and to help it grow
Magnolia Tree
One adaptation is that the Plant smells like rotting meat to
attract flies. Those flies spread the pollen from the flower.
They will grow in somewhat alkaline soil but may develop chlorosis (yellow leaves with green veins).
the plant can grow in acidic soil and self pollinate its self.
The Guelder Rose prefers to grow at low altitudes
Guelder Rose
While many pecans grow along riversides and streams, another adaptation that makes
the pecan suitable for the South and West is its ability to tolerate severe drought.
pecan trees need sunlight or they cant produce good products, or grow as welll.
Pecan Tree
Lady
Fern
(p.s my mom likes ferns)
Unlike most ferns, it can grow in dry soils. This adaptation makes it able to survive
periods of drought in its native environment.
lady fern is affected by soil, its helps the fern grow by supplying it with energy
Shellbark hickory grows best on deep, fertile, moist soils, most typical of the order
Alfisols. It does not thrive in heavy clay soils
Shagbark hickories can tolerate a range of temperatures, but they grow best on moist
soils in humid climates
Shagbark Hickory
Soil absorbs water for the plant to grow.
The large leaves grow 3 to 4 inches wide which gives a broad foliar space for the plant
to collect solar energy
Northern Arrowwood
American Beech
The American Beech tree has a shallow root system and likes bottom land, and upland
soil. leaves that grow on the tree block the sunlight from the trunk. The climate can effect
the growth of the tree, Mean annual temperatures range from 4° to 21° C (40° to 70° F).
Beech cant exist under temperature extremes lower than -42° C (-44° F) and 38° C
(100° F). Higher than average summer temperatures may be unfavorable for beech
growth
How the White Birch adapts
Leaves: The leaves are flexible so they won't be effected by large amounts of snow.
Trunk: The trunk of the tree is covered in thick, somewhat papery bark that protects the inn
Roots: The root system of the Birch is shallow and wide, giving it the ability to reach out to
How soil, sunlight and climate affect the White Birch:
Soil: Soil absorbs the nutrients.
Sunlight: the sun provides energy for the tree to grow.
climate: natural climate changes such as rain are good for the plants to grow.
White Birch
Jack
THE GEOGRAPHER
Where In The World?
The Temperate Deciduous Forests are located
in the USA, Canada, China, Europe and Japan.
Physical Landscape
The physical landscape of the Temperate
Deciduous forest is quite nice. They have Hills,
Mountains, Streams, Rivers, Valleys, and
Waterfalls.
Rivers
Valleys
Waterfalls
Hills
Mountains
Streams
Human Impacts
• People affect these beautiful forests by using them for
companies in high demand of more money. Some companies
are:
Tourism
• Lumber
• Construction
• If this continues, all of the animals that live there will die,
because we destroy they're homes. Then we won't have a
good food chain and there will be too many of one species.
That could potentially throw off the population of humans.
Jake
THE ZOOLOGIST
Animals & Their Diets
Carnivores: Dhole, Tawny Owl, & Duckbill Platypus
Herbivores: White Tailed Deer, Beaver, & Bison
Omnivores: European Hedgehog, Muskrat, & Eurasian Red Squirrel
Decomposer: American Burying Beetle
Dhole
The dhole’s diet is
mainly made up of:
Lizards
Frogs
Rodents
Tawny Owl
The tawny owl’s diet is
mainly made up of:
Rodents
Duckbill Platypus
The duckbill platypus’s
diet is mainly made up
of:
Annelid worms
Insect larvae
Freshwater shrimp
White Tailed Deer
The white tailed deer’s
diet is mainly made up
of:
Shoots
Leaves
Cacti
Grasses
Beaver
The beaver’s diet is
mainly made up of:
Tree barks
Twigs
Leaves
Water plants
Bison
The bison’s diet is
mainly made up of:
Grasses
Sedges
European Hedgehog
The European
hedgehog’s diet is
mainly made up of:
Slugs
Earthworms
Beetles
Caterpillars
Mushrooms
Fruits
Muskrat
The muskrat’s diet is
mainly made up of:
Water plants
Small shellfish
Eurasian Red Squirrel
The Eurasian red
squirrel’s diet is mainly
made up of:
Pine cones
Larch
Spruce
Fungi
Shoots
Fruits
Bird eggs
American Burying Beetle
The American burying
beetle is a decomposer.
Its diet is mainly made
up of:
• Dead plants
• Dead animals
Food Chains
Food Chain # 1
My first food chain has
rodents and birds as it s
primary consumers.
The secondary
consumers are foxes
and owls. The primary
producers are
everything shown in the
bottom section of the
chart (fruit trees, etc.)
Food Chain # 2
My second food chain
has insects as its
primary consumer. The
secondary consumers
include opossums,
birds, and skunks. The
producers includes
everything at the
bottom section of the
chart (Fruit trees, etc.)
Hibernation, Food Storage, and Migration
SPECIAL ADAPTATIONS
Hibernation
Hibernation is a
sleeplike state that
helps animals conserve
their heat to survive
through the winter. It
also reduces their need
to eat and allows the
animal to use very little
energy.
Migration
Migration is a behavior
that many birds follow.
It is when a bird leaves
somewhere cold to go
somewhere warmer for
the winter.
Food Storage
Food storage is a
behavior that influences
animals to store food
for the winter. This
gives them something
to eat while in their
hibernation state.
HOW BIOTIC AND ABIOTIC FACTORS
HELP ANIMALS SURVIVE
How Biotic Factors Help Animals
Survive
Herbivores eat only plants to survive.
Carnivores eat only other animals to survive.
Omnivores eat both plants and animals for
survival. Decomposers eat dead plants and
animals to live.
How Abiotic Factors Help Animals
Survive
Rocks give small animals places to hide from
predators. The soil allows plants and trees to
grow to feed animals. Water is what allows all
living things to survive. The sun is what gives
the plants that feed the animals energy. The
air is what allows all living things to breath.
Rain is another way animals can get water to
survive. Hills are homes to some animals. The
temperature has to be right for plants and
animals to survive.
Credits
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http://www.buzzle.com/articles/deciduous-forest-animals.html
www.thejunglestore.com
animal-kid.com
skywalker.cochise.edu
m.extension.illinois.edu
a-z-animals.com
inhabitat.com
www.wildaboutdevon.co.uk
seekers.wikia.com
tomlphotography.blogspot.com
animal-kid.com
http://www.world-builders.org/lessons/less/biomes/deciduous/decweb.html
https://sites.google.com/site/platttempecatedecidousforest/biotic-and-abiotic
science.pppst.com
Sara
THE METEOROLOGIST
Precipitation
On average, temperate deciduous
forests get around 30-60 inches of
precipitation per year. This amount is
second only to the tropical rainforest
which receives 90 inches.
Humidity
Humidity
Temperate deciduous forests have mostly high humidity
Ranging from 60 – 80%
That’s
Humid
Temperature
The average temperature is approximately 50°F (10°C).
The hot summer months average at around 70°F (21°C)
while winters are often freezing.
Daylight Totals
A temperate deciduous forest receives
approximately 12 hrs. of daylight with
little variety.
During the fall and winter months there
is less daylight than usual so plants loose
their flowers and leaves.
Wind
The wind is a big factor of why the temperature and climate
change so often in this biome.
Weather Patterns
Temperate deciduous forests are special because they have
4 distinct seasons.
How they Impact the Emvironment
Plants adapt to the cold weather
Some animals Hibernate
Any Questions?
The End