Jeopardy-Biomes 1314

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Transcript Jeopardy-Biomes 1314

Little Miss Muffett Sat
Einstein’s Special
Hip-Hop!
On a Tuffet.
Rabbits finally break Relativity: As your
Relatives approach the
Ouch!
through on the
Holidays…
Wait…what’s a Tuffet?
Music scene!
Their mass increases.
Humpty Dumpty Sat
Eenie, Meenie, Miney, On a Wall…You don’t
MO. Catch a Tiger by
Have to be a Genius
the toe…I’ll see to it that
To finish that story.
Your family is notified.
I mean…he’s an egg!
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What is a
BIOME?
A large geographic
area that is
categorized by its
climate, flora (plants),
and fauna (animals).
What are the
characteristics of
the littoral zone of
a lake?
It is the area close
to the shoreline.
Sunlight can reach
the bottom, so there
are many plants and
animals living
there.
You are standing in
water up to your knees.
There are many plants
but no trees around.
Looking ahead you can
see the edge of a pond or
lake. Where are you?
In a marsh.
Explain how
succession happens
in a lake.
Over time the lake can fill with
sediment. Plants begin to grow
as light can now reach the
bottom. As the plants continue to
flourish, more debris builds up on
the bottom. The decay of this
material uses up available oxygen
and that changes what can live
there. If enough sediment builds
up...a forest will start to develop.
What is the difference between a
swamp and a marsh?
There are trees growing in a
swamp; a marsh is devoid of
trees.
Which biome is known
for having the greatest
biodiversity?
Tropical Rainforests.
What types of
adaptations would you
expect desert plants to
have?
-Waxy leaves to keep
water from evaporating.
-Spines to help radiate heat
and deter grazers.
-Shallow root systems to
gather available water.
-Fleshy tissues to hold
water
Most of the landmass near the
Equator is of this biome:_____
Tropical Forest
*Remember…not all tropical forests
are rainforests, and not all
rainforests are tropical!
How much
precipitation can a
tropical rainforest
receive in a year?
Your book says 400cm (157.5
inches), but…if you do some
research, you’ll see a lot of
other numbers. The important
part is…it’s more rainfall than
any other biome!
Are all deserts dry and
hot?
Nope!
All deserts are dry; < 10” of
rain/year.
But…some deserts are cold (like
the Gobi and Great Basin…and
ice cream…oh…wait…that’s
dessert).
What is the name for the soil in the
tundra that is always frozen?
Permafrost
Describe the climate of the
coniferous forest (aka taiga or
boreal forest).
-Not very much rain
(avg. 14-29.5” (35-75cm) year)
Temperatures:
Winter Avg.: -10⁰c (14⁰f)
Summer Avg: 14⁰c (57⁰f)
Basically: Cool summers and cold
winters.
What would a taiga look like in the
winter?
It would be orange with black
stripes and it would be
shivering…just kidding
There would be a lot of
snow and the conifers (pine
trees) would have all of
their leaves (needles).
What is one of the primary food
sources in the Arctic polar ice
ecosystem?
Plankton
What types of adaptations would you
expect the denizens of the tundra to
have?
-White Coloration-Camouflage.
-Thick fur and/or fat-insulation.
-Fat/Blubber-Long term energy
storage.
-Wide feet to act as snowshoes.
What is an estuary?
An area wherein freshwater
combines with saltwater
(brackish). This creates a unique
ecosystem because of the water’s
low-level salinity.
What are the conditions in the
intertidal zone to which organisms
must be adapted?
-Being underwater at times and
exposed to the air at others.
-Drastic temperature changes.
-Exposure to heavy wave action.
-Changes in salinity.
In this ecosystem, many of the
organisms are camouflaged to look
like floating plants?
Hey! That really has an Alex Trabek sound to it if you read it
with the proper inflection! Did you know that he is a big
hockey fan? You do now
The Sargasso Sea.
What conditions do
coral reefs need in
order to thrive?
Intense sunlight and
warm, clear water.
What is the major difference
between the zonation of the
pelagic and benthic zones and
the zonation of the group
containing the intertidal,
neritic, and oceanic zones?
The intertidal, neritic, and
oceanic zones are
identified based upon
distance from the shore.
The pelagic and benthic
zones are depth-based.
Name three specific temperate
grasslands?
Pampas-Argentina
Steppes-Mongolia
Prairies-Western US
Within which biome are we located?
Temperate deciduous forest.
Why would plants growing on the
shaded forest floor need broader
leaves than those growing in an open
meadow?
Broader leaves present a
greater surface area for
collecting energy from
the sun. This energy is
necessary for
photosynthesis.
Describe the two major grassland
biomes.
Tropical grasslands-(like the African Savanna)
-Relatively warm-hot all year.
-Up to 50” of rain.
-Rainy and dry seasons
-Very few trees that are found in small clusters
where the are present
Temperate grasslands-(such as the US prairies)
-Have harsh winters.
-10-30” of precipitation, some of it is snow.
-very few trees, occasional fires.
If two regions share similar
abiotic factors, what would you
expect to learn if you observed
the various species of flora and
fauna in both places.
There is a high probability that
you would observe many
plants and animals with
similar adaptations due to the
fact that they have to survive
in similar environments.