Photosynthesis- Bell ringers on plants

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Transcript Photosynthesis- Bell ringers on plants

2/18/14 -2/21/14
The energy/fuel
in 1 gallon of gas
is equivalent to
eating 12 cheese
pizzas
When grass is cut with a lawn mower, it gives off a
distinct aroma. Why does newly-mowed grass smell a
little bit sweet?
A. Sugars are produced when the cut leaves of grass
begin to decay in sunlight.
B. Sugars stored in the roots are sent to repair the
damage to the grass leaves.
C. When the grass leaves are damaged, some of the
sugar produced in the leaves escapes.
D. When grass leaves are cut, a small amount of sugar is
produced at the site of injury to plug the phloem.
Identifying food lab
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Oregano – spice from leaves
White rice- seeds
Red potatoes-modified plant structures that are enlarged
to store nutrients- part of the stem
Peanuts- legume or bean- that contains seeds
Pineapple stem- part of the fruit that produces flowers
Onion- veggie- modified stem for storage
Beans- enlarged plant seeds
Tomatoes- fruit
Carrot- root veggie
Oatmeal- part of seeds of oat plants
Flower Questions
Why colorful petals?
Why are sepals and petals called accessory parts?
Why is it important to elevate the anthers?
Two ways pollen can get to stigma…
Why more stamen than pistils?
Why elevate the stigma?
How does the structure of the stigma aid in
pollination?
8. Which part of flower develops into seeds?
9. When fertilized what will ovary grow into?
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ATP/Photosynthesis/Cellular Resp.
 What the heck is that?
In plants, water can escape through the
leaves by the process of transpiration. Which
of the following structures are involved in
transpiration?
A. xylem, phloem, stomata
B. root hairs, xylem, stomata
C. phloem, root hairs, xylem
D. stomata, phloem, root hairs
FUN FACT: Only
1% of the suns
energy is absorbed
by plants, the rest is
reflected back to
space or
transformed into
heat in the
atmosphere
Ted-ED Video: Photosynthesis and
Cellular Respiration
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On average, what percentage of the food we eat on a daily
basis comes from carbohydrates?
What are the pores in a plant's skin called?
The sun helps plants transform carbon dioxide into a
simple carbohydrate called:
What's another name for cellulose?
Which organelle is ultimately responsible for breaking
down carbohydrates into usable energy at the molecular
level?
In five sentences or less, list the major steps involved in
photosynthesis.
PLANTS ARE AWESOME!
 A plant species lives in an area with limited sunlight.
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Which physiological adaptation would be most useful
to the plant?
A. colorful flowers
B. large leaves
C. deep roots
D. thin cuticle
Comp Check
 Tuesday- What are the reactants and products in
photosynthesis?
 Wednesday- What are the reactants and products in
cellular respiration?
Comp Check
 Tuesday- What are the reactants and products in
photosynthesis?
 Wednesday- What are the reactants and products in
cellular respiration?
 Thursday- How is photosynthesis and cellular respiration
similar? How are they different?
 Friday- Explain how ATP and ADP are involved in cellular
respiration and photosynthesis.
an average-sized tree could produce enough oxygen to keep
from two to four people alive.
Get out a piece of paperTitle it Plant Quiz
 3 short answer, 4 multiple choice
 1) Describe the difference between xylem and phloem.
 2) Describe the process of transpiration.
 3) Explain the purpose and function of flowers for a
plant. Would the plant survive without petals?
Explain.
Multiple choice
4)What is the main function of leaves?
 A. Leaves provide support for growth and a place
to store food.
 B. Leaves provide a place for photosynthesis to
occur.
 C. Leaves absorb water and minerals and
transport nutrients to the stem.
 D. Leaves create a barrier that prevents water in
the plant's tissues from evaporating.
5) Terrestrial plants have stomata on the surface of their
leaves. A single stomata is surrounded by two guard cells
that change shape in response to environmental factors
and open or close the stoma. Which of the following
best explains how the structure of the leaf is used in
processes that occur in plants?
 A. Water enters the plant through the surface of the
leaf for transpiration
 B. Gases for photosynthesis are exchanged through
the surface of the leaf.
 C. Energy for cellular reproduction is absorbed
through the surface of the leaf.
 D. Carbon dioxide enters the plant through the
surface of the leaf for cellular reproduction.
6) The diagram below represents a flower, the reproductive structure of
some plants. Most flowers have both male and female structures for
fertilization and reproduction
Which structure is represented by the letter A in the diagram above?
A. the stamen, a male structure which produces pollen
B. the pistol, a female structure which collects pollen and passes it to the
ovary
C. the sepal, a modified leaf used for protection of the flower
D. the petals, decorative structures which attract pollinators
7) A unique characteristic of the banyan tree is that roots
grow down from its branches into the ground. The tree can
appear to have several trunks. What advantage does this
root characteristics give the banyan tree over other trees?
A. The roots provide shelter for ground dwelling animals,
which carry nutrients to the tree
B. It can grow near the equator, because aboveground roots
are more protected from the sun
C. It can only grow in humid climates because aboveground
roots are more likely to dry out and die during droughts
D. It can grow in areas prone to hurricanes and typhoons,
because the roots make the tree more stable in high
winds
Quiz Answers
 1) Xylem- Vascular plant tissue that carries water. Phloem
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Vascular plant tissue that carries sugars.
2) Transpiration is the process of water movement through
a plant and its evaporation from leaves.
3) The purpose of the flower is for plant reproduction. The
plant can survive without petals on the flower because it is
not directly involved in the reproduction of the plant.
4) B
5) B
6) B
7) D