Transcript Alcohol`s Effects on the Mind and Body
Alcohol’s Effects on the Mind and Body 8th grade Lesson 2 Pages D12-D17 Alcohol A drug found in some beverages that slows down the central nervous system and harms body organs. Alcohol’s Path Alcohol goes into bloodstream Body converts it into acetaldehyde Most people change acetaldehyde into carbon dioxide and water and eliminate it from body In other people, trace amounts of alcohol remain in body and it turns to THIQ in brain Alcohol’s Path Alcohol follows a path through your digestive system into your other organs. Label the diagram with the appropriate organs that are effected. Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) The amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, given as a percentage As BAC goes goes , alcohol’s effect Legal Intoxication is .08% for people 21 Zero tolerance for people < 21 open me Factors that affect BAC How much a person has to drink How Fast a person drinks How much a person weighs How much a person has eaten Male or Female How a person feels Short and Long-term Effects Short-Term Effects Body Senses Reaction time and coordination Stomach Long-Term Effects Immune System Cancer Pancreas Liver Heart and blood vessels Brain and nervous system Reproductive system Gastric ADH in the Stomach An enzyme that begins to break alcohol down in the stomach Alcohol then passes into the small intestine where it is absorbed into the blood stream. Females have less ADH Onto the LIVER! Alcohol is then transported to the liver Here alcohol oxidation takes place and converts alcohol into 2 waste products: carbon dioxide and water Cirrhosis of the Liver Long Term Alcohol Use! Liver filters poisons from blood! Scar tissue replaces normal, healthy tissue blocking the flow of blood through the organ and preventing it from working as it should.