ICR Chap. 2A - Review PowerPoint on

download report

Transcript ICR Chap. 2A - Review PowerPoint on

Chapter 2A:
Reflexive Verbs
Vocab
To wake up
(e  ie)
Despertarse
To brush one’s
teeth
Cepillarse los dientes
To prepare
(oneself)
Prepararse
To shower
(oneself)
Ducharse
To bathe
(oneself)
Bañarse
To shave
oneself
Afeitarse
To wash (your
face)
Lavarse (la cara)
To cut one’s
hair
Cortarse el pelo
To dry (oneself)
Secarse
To dry (one’s
hair)
El secador
Secarse (el pelo)
To
dress(oneself)
(e  i)
Vestirse
To put clothes
on (oneself)
Ponerse la ropa
To put deodorant
on (oneself)
Ponerse el desodorante
To put cologne
on (oneself)
Ponerse la colonia
To apply makeup (on oneself)
Maquillarse
To put lipstick
on
Pintarse los labios
Paint one’s
nails
Pintarse las uñas
Comb one’s hair
Peinarse el pelo
To fix (one’s
hair with gel)
Arreglarse el pelo (con el gel)
To go to bed
(o  ue)
Acostarse
To fall asleep
(o  ue)
Dormirse
To ask to
borrow
(e  i)
Pedirte prestado
Towel
Toalla
Belt
El cinturón
Brush
El cepillo
The Shower
La ducha
Gold Jewelry
Las joyas de oro
Silver Jewelry
Las joyas de plata
Make-up
El maquillaje
Hair
El pelo
Comb
El peine
Beauty Salon
El salón de belleza
Fingernails
Las uñas
Audition
Audición
Special Event
Un evento especial
Wedding
La boda
A date
La cita
Competition
El concurso
Enthusiastic
Entusiasmado
Nervous
Nervioso
Before
Antes de
After
Después de
Conjugating
Reflexive Verbs:
Explanation and
study guide
Subjects:
Yo = I
Tú = you (informal)
Él = he
Ella = she
Usted = you (formal)
Nosotros = we
Ellos = them
Ellas = them
Ustedes = “you guys”
Reflexive Pronouns and their definitions:
(Yo): Me = Myself
(Nosotros): Nos = Ourselves
(Tú): Te = Yourself
(Él/Ella/Usted): Se = His/Herself
(Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes): Se = themselves
Regular verb + reflexive pronoun = Reflexive verb
Example: Preparar + se = Prepararse
A verb is an action that happens. A reflexive verb is a an action that a person
does to themselves.
Lavar = to wash
Lavarse = to wash yourself
Secar = to dry
Secarse = to dry yourself
When to conjugate the verb:
When not to conjugate the verb
 When it is the first verb in the sentence
 When it is the only verb in a sentence
 When it is separated from other verbs
or other parts of the sentence with a
comma
 When it is right after a conjugated verb
 When it follows “antes de” (before) and
“después de” (after)
 When it follows “tener que”
Comprehension Questions
1) How do reflexive verbs differ from verbs that are not reflexive? How can
you tell the difference between the two?
2) What is the difference between “arreglar” and “arreglarse?”
3) Why doesn’t this sentence make sense: “Yo me lavo mi perro.” ?
4) When do you conjugate the verb? When should you not conjugate the verb?
Nosotros ____________________ la cara antes de ir a la escuela. (Lavarse)
Steps to conjugating a
reflexive verb
STEP 1: Separate the verb and the reflexive pronoun. You may think that they are together one word,
but they are really two separate verbs pushed together.
Lavar = To wash
se = oneself
Lavarme = to wash onself
Lavarse  Lavar
se
STEP 2: Conjugate the reflexive pronoun ONLY! The reflexive pronoun ALWAYS has to match the
subject.
Lavar
se  Lavar
nos
STEP 3: Decide if you must conjugate the main verb or not.
STEP 4: If yes, conjugate the verb
and then put the reflexive pronoun
before the word.
Lavar
nos  Lavamos
nos 
Nos Lavamos
STEP 4: If no, leave the verb and
just tack the reflexive pronoun right
onto the end of it.
A few more examples…
Tú ____________________
para la fiesta. (maquillarse)
Maquillar
se
Maquillar
te
Maquillas
te
Te Maquillas
Notice how each part – the verb and the reflexive pronoun – match the subject (tú)
A few more examples…
Ellas ____________________ a las
siete de la mañana. (despertarse)
Despertar
se
Despertar
se
Despiertan
se
Se despiertan
Notice how each part – the verb and the reflexive pronoun – match the subject (Ellas)
A few more examples…
Antes de ____________________, me
seco con una toalla. (vestirse)
Vestir
se
Vestir
me
Vestirme
The verb isn’t conjugated. It is left in the infinitive (with –ar, -er, and –ir on the
end) because it follows “antes de”.
A few more examples…
Nina quiere ____________________,
las uñas esta noche. (pintarse)
Pintar
se
Pintar
se
Pintarse
The verb isn’t conjugated. It is left in the infinitive (with –ar, -er, and –ir on the
end) because it follows a conjugated verb.
NOW YOU TRY:
1) Antes de vestirme, yo _______________ el desordorante y la colonia. (ponerse)
2) Tú necesitas _______________________ el pelo. Es muy largo. (cortarse)
3) Nosotros __________________ después de jugar al fútbol americano. (ducharse)
4) Tengo que _________________ las joyas. (ponerse)
5) Ustedes ________________ a los amigos cuando salen de la escuela. (despedirse)
Describe the things you do to get ready for school in the morning. Include at least
8 sentences with reflexive verbs.
1)____________________________________________________________________
2)____________________________________________________________________
3)____________________________________________________________________
4)____________________________________________________________________
5)____________________________________________________________________
6)____________________________________________________________________
7)____________________________________________________________________
8) ____________________________________________________________________
ANSWERS:
1) Antes de vestirme, yo me pongo el desordorante y la colonia.
2) Tú necesitas cortarte el pelo. Es muy largo.
3) Nosotros nos duchamos después de jugar al fútbol americano.
4) Tengo que ponerme las joyas.
5) Ustedes se despiden a los amigos cuando salen de la escuela.
Describe the things you do to get ready for school in the morning. Include at least
8 sentences with reflexive verbs.
(Answers may vary. Below is an example of an acceptable response).
Cada mañana, me preparo para la escuela. Primero, me despierto a las seis y me
ducho. En la ducha, me afeito las piernas. Después de secarme con una toalla,
me seco el pelo con la secadora. Me arreglo el pelo con el gel. Próximo, me
visto y me pongo las joyas de plata. Me pinto las uñas y después de pintarme
las uñas, me maquillo. Finalmente, me despido a mi mamá y salgo para la
escuela.