Adjectives

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Transcript Adjectives

Adjectives
& Adverbs
6th Grade Language Arts
What are ADJECTIVES?
Adjectives
MODIFY nouns
AKA
they
DESCRIBE
things.
A COLORFUL photograph, TWO CUTE kids, a LOVELY
day, a LUSH garden… GREAT examples
Analogy:
Writing is the literary equivalent of cooking,
so adjectives are one of the spices you
have in the kitchen.
Like spices added to a soup, a few adjectives
go a long way. Don't overdo it. Let the
more substantial ingredients (strong verbs!)
be the stars.
Descriptive Adjectives………
DESCRIPTIVE
ADJECTIVES add detail or
description to the noun,
such as color, shape, or size.
They come BEFORE the
noun they are describing
Examples:
Her red shirt was pretty.
His small dog ran around the
huge park.
Limiting Adjectives…
Give a quantity and amount, as
opposed to just describing
Often a number or related word
Ex: There are few students who want to
stay for detention.
Ex: I saw three apples on that table.
Ex: I got many presents for Christmas.
Demonstrative Adjectives……
→Tells which one
→This, That, These, Those
Examples:
This book is great!
That football is brown.
These desks are close together.
Those houses look nice.
*Remember Demonstrative
Pronouns? These are the same
but come before a noun.
Articles…….
→ Help put your sentences
together correctly
→ a, an, the
→ Use “a” before a general noun that starts
with a consonant sound.INDEFINITE
→ Use “an” before a general noun that starts
with a vowel sound.INDEFINITE
→ Use “the” before a specific
noun.DEFINITE
Examples:
The apple is red.
An hour has passed since we came in.
A cow says, “Mooooooooo!”
Predicate Adjectives………..
→ Adjective that comes
AFTER a linking verb
→ Describes the subject
before that linking verb.
(what is being described is
nowhere around the
adjective!)
Examples:
The blanket is clean.
The towel is wet.
Her face looks angry.
His drink is bubbly.
Comparatives………….
→ Used to compare 2 nouns
→ For 1 syllable words, add “er” to
the end of your adjective.
→ For 3+ syllable words, keep the
adjective the same and put
“more” in front of it.
→ For 2 syllable words, it can go
either way—see what sounds
right!
*There are some irregulars…
Examples:
His soup was hotter than mine.
My picture is more beautiful than
hers.
Superlatives………….
→ Used to compare 3+ nouns
→ For 1 syllable words, add “est” to
the end of your adjective.
→ For 3+ syllable words, keep the
adjective the same and put
“most” in front of it.
→ For 2 syllable words, it can go
either way—see what sounds
right!
*There can be irregulars for these,
too.
Examples:
My snowman is the highest one on
the street!
This is the most difficult test that I
have ever taken.
Proper Adjectives……….
Proper Adjectives:
→ A specific term to
describe a common noun
→ Comes from a proper
noun
→ Always capitalized
Examples:
American cheese is my
favorite food.
Some people say that Swiss
cheese is better.
I like Japanese food better
than Chinese food.
Adverbs!
Used to describe a verb, an adjective, OR
another adverb.
Ex: The singer danced wildly on stage.(Wildly
describes the verb danced.)
Ex: The music was very loud.(Very describes the
adjective loud.)
Ex: The concert ended quite quickly.(Quite describes
the adverb quickly.)
Adverbs, continued.
Adverbs give information
such as How, When,
Where, and To what extent
something happened.
Ex: He ran outside quickly.How
Ex: He fell down yesterday.When
Ex: He landed here on the
garbage.Where
Ex: He was very embarrassed.To what
extent
Adverbs, continued.
An adverb can come in many different
places in the sentence.
Ex: Guests often dined in the dining room
at our house.
Ex: Guests dined often in the dining room
at our house.
Ex: Often guests dined in the dining room
at our house.
Ex: Guests dined in the dining room at our
house often.
Comparative & Superlative Adverbs
Like with adjectives, adverbs are used
to compare.
The comparative form compares two
actions or things.
Add “-er” to the end OR “more” in front
The superlative form compares more
than two actions or things.
Add “-est” to the end OR “most” in front
The End