Los Verbos Reflexivos

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Transcript Los Verbos Reflexivos

Los Verbos Reflexivos
Los verbos reflexivos
Used to describe people doing things for
themselves. In English, these are actions such as
brushing one’s teeth, combing one’s hair,
showering oneself.
You have already seen one reflexive
verb before in a few of its forms….
____ llamo
Te llamas
Se llama
nos llamamos
x
Se llaman
In English:
I do
We do
to, at, for me/myself to, at, for us/ourselves
You do
to, at, for you /
yourself
He does
to, at, for himself
she does
to, at, for herself
x
They do to, at, for
them/themselves
all of you do to, at, for
yourselves
Reflexive Pronouns
Me
Nos
Te
Se
Ex: I wash MY face. =
Se
Me
lav
o
la cara.
Reflexive Pronouns
Me LavO
Nos LavAMOS
Te LavAS
Se LavA
Se LavAN
Notice that the SUBJECT (yo) the verb (ending in O) and the ME (reflexive pronoun)
are all in the same form, describing the same person.
Ex: I wash MY face. =
Me
lav
o
la cara.
I wash my face
Me lavo la cara
We wash our faces
Nos lavamos las
caras
You wash your face
Te lavas la cara
He/she/you formal
wash his/her/your
face
Se lava la cara
They wash their
faces/all of your wash
your faces
Se lavan las caras
I get up
Me levanto
We get up
Nos levantamos
You get up
Te levantas
He/she/you formal
gets up
Se levanta
They wash their
faces/all of you get up
Se levantan
I wake up
Me despierto
We wake up
Nos despertamos
You wake up
Te despiertas
He/she/you formal
wakes up
Se despierta
They/all of you wake
up
Se despiertan
You still have to conjugate the verb to fit with the
subject. With reflexive verbs, there are two things
that always match: What is the rule?
•*The ____________
ending of the verb and the _____________
reflexive pronoun
always match.
You wash your face = Te lavas la cara.
(-AS ending because it’s “you,” TE because you do it
to yourself)
Placement of the pronouns will be either
BEFORE THE CONJUGATED VERB or ATTACHED
TO THE INFINITIVE: DESPERTARSE
We wake up. – Nos despertamos.
•
We are going to wake up.
Vamos a despertarnos.
NOS vamos a despertar.
Mi rutina diaria:
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Bañarse = ____________________
Lavarse = ____________________
Despertarse (e->ie) ____________________________
Levantarse = __________________________________
Acostarse (o->ue) __________________________
Dormirse (o->ue, u) _______________________________
Morirse (o-ue, u) ________________________________
Mi rutina diaria:
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When conjugating the reflexive verb, form the “se” to match
the verb (yo is me, etc), then put the reflexive pronoun
BEFORE the conjugated verb. bañarse
I bathe =Me baño . I bathed =Me bañé
He bathes se baña_
He bathed _se bañó__
All of you wash yourselves _______________
You all washed yourselves ____________________
We get up (out of bed) ________________________
We got up _______________________
• If you have two verbs in the sentence, you
have two possible places to put the reflexive
pronoun: (2 verbs, 2 ways)
• BEFORE the conjugated verb
(Me voy a bañar = Myself I am going to bathe).
• OR ATTACHED to the infinitive
• ( still has to match the person = Voy a
bañarme= I am going to bathe myself)
1. She is going to get up (out of bed) =
_____________________________________________
OR
___________________________________________
2. The children have to get up (out of bed) =
___________________________________________
OR __________________________________________
3. We have to bathe (ourselves)
_____________________________________
OR
_______________________________________
4. The students wash themselves
____________________________________
• Mi rutina diaria:
En la mañana, primero
____________________________. Entonces
____________________________________.
Luego, __________________________.
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