Middle Ages - Cloudfront.net

download report

Transcript Middle Ages - Cloudfront.net

•
•
I can explain and analyze the significance of the
Middle Ages.
I can identify the physical location and features of
Europe during the Middle Ages.
7.32 Identify the physical location and features of
Europe including the Alps, the Ural Mountains, the
North European Plain, and the Mediterranean Sea and
the influence of the North Atlantic Drift.
7.33 Describe the development of feudalism &
manorialism, its role in the medieval European
economy, and the way in which it was influenced by
physical geogrpahy (the role of the manor and the
growth of towns).
A
B
C
D
Alps Mountains
Ural Mountains
Pyrenees Mountains
Apennines Mountains
E
F
G
H
Atlantic Ocean
North Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Seine River
J Thames River
K Danube River
L Rome
M London
N
O
P
Q
Paris
Iberian Peninsula
Northern European Plain
North Atlantic Drift (show flow)
• After the fall of Rome, Western Europe
entered a period known as the Middle Ages,
also known as The Medieval Period, which
lasted from 400 – 1400 A.D.
The Middle Ages or
Medieval Period
400-1400
500 B.C – 476 A.D
The Roman Empire
The Renaissance (Rebirth)
Begins around 1400
• In general, the Middle Ages are defined by a
•
•
•
•
•
Lack of Central Government
Decline of trade
Population shift to rural areas
Decrease in learning
A rise in the power of The Roman Catholic Church.
•
•
•
•
•
Rome Falls = Scary Times in Western Europe
No Government & No Army = No Protection
Feudal System = Social / Political Stability & A System of Protection
Serfs = Bound to the Land (Slaves)
No Social Mobility = Born into the Pyramid
Oath of loyalty/military support
Loyalty/military
King
Grant Fief (land)
Vassal (Lord)
Shelter/food
Knights
Labor, rent
Serfs and Peasants
(90% of population)
Shelter/food
And protection
• The Medieval Economic System
–
–
–
–
–
Self Sufficient
Little reason to leave or travel beyond your manor.
No new ides being exchanged = decline in learning.
Technology was slow to progress.
Little use of money because wealth is based on land.
• Read pages 500-504 in the
Holt World History Textbook
• Complete the Section 2
Assessment on page 504
(Questions 1-3)