Early Life

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Transcript Early Life

The Renaissance
Essential Question 3:
Who were some of the
important people of the
Italian Renaissance?
Leonardo da Vinci
1. Early life
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Born and raised in Vinci, Italy - April 15,1452
Early education taught him to read, write, calculate,
do geometry and Latin
Began apprenticeship at 14 in Florence in the
workshop of Verrochio
2. Major works
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Mona Lisa
The Last Supper
Leonardo da Vinci
3. Interesting Details
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Leonardo was accused of being a
homosexual
Kept 100s of notebooks; many written in
mirror script
Best example of true “Renaissance Man”
4. Impact on the Renaissance
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drew first relaxed portraits with misty
landscapes in the background
Changed the way people painted and
sculpted
Michelangelo Buonnarati
1. Early Life
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Born in Caprese, Italy
Apprenticed at 13 to Domenico Ghirlandajo for a 3year term but left after one year, having nothing
else to learn.
Taken under the wing of Florentine ruler Lorenzo de
Medici, known as the Magnificent
2. Major works
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Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
Sculpture of David
La Pieta
Michelangelo
3. Interesting Details
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Forced to paint the Sistine
Chapel by Pope Julius II
Did not like painting near as much
as sculpting
Never completely recovered from the stress &
agony endured while painting the Sistine
4. Impact on the Renaissance
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his expressive use of the idealized human
form had tremendous impact on
contemporaries and future generations
Raphael
1. Early Life
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Born in Urbino, Italy (most important city of Italy by
1483)
Apprenticeship with Pietro Perugino
2. Major Works
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Sistine Madonna
Mackintosh Madonna
Madonna with Child
School of Athens
Raphael
3. Interesting Details
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Real name was Raffaello Sanzi
designed the Church of Saint’
Eligio degli Orefici
Died on 37th Birthday
Best known for his lifelike paintings of the Madonna
4. Impact on the Renaissance
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Emphasized qualities of energetic
movement and grandeur in his work
Donatello
1. Early Life
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Born in Florence, Italy -1386
2. Major Works
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David
St. John the Baptist
The Annunciation
St. Rossore in Bronze
Donatello
3. Interesting Details
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He had no wife or kids
Liked to study Roman ruins
4. Impact on the Renaissance
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Invented technique known as shadow relief
Made first bronze sculpture
Lorenzo de Medici
1. Early Life
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Born in Florence in 1389
Family of wealthy bankers
2. Major Works
• none
Lorenzo de Medici
3. Interesting Details
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Made Florence the most powerful city-state
in Italy
Liked to “dabble” in a variety of artistic and
scientific areas; participated in the artistic
movement as well as patronized it
4. Impact on the Renaissance
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He and his family’s patronage of the arts
helped to make Florence the premier
Renaissance city for much of the 14th
century
Petrarch
1. Early Life
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Born in Aresso,Tuscany (Italy)
Originally studied law
Major Works
Africa
On Solitude
Letters to Laura
Petrarch
3. Interesting Details
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Laura inspired his great love sonnets
(written in the vernacular)
Wrote of humanist themes and interests
4. Impact on the Renaissance
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Known as the “Father of Humanism”
Machiavelli
1. Early Life
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Born in Florence, Italy
Little known about early life
2. Major Works
• Principe (The Prince)
• L'Arte della Guerra (The Art of War)
Machiavelli
3. Interesting Details
• He wrote Principe in hopes to secure the
favor of the Medici; did not work
4. Impact on the Renaissance
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The father of modern political theory
Realpolitik (the world as it is, not as it
should be)