The Renassiance - Fredericksburg City Schools

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Transcript The Renassiance - Fredericksburg City Schools

The
Renaissance
The Rebirth
Term
Meaning
Examples
Setting the Stage
The Middle Ages
Valued mainly the
The Rebirth
church
 Spread Christianity
at any cost

The Crusades
 Experienced
the
bubonic plague
The Renaissance
 The
revival of art
and learning
 Lasted from 13001600
 A celebration of
life and the human
spirit
Getting Started
 Started
in Italy
 Why?
 City
States
 Due to overseas trade in the Crusades
 Created large city-states
Who benefited?

The Merchants

A large merchant class developed in each citystate


Examples: Milan and Florence
The Medici one of the most powerful banking
families in Florence
Cosimo de Medici was the wealthiest European
and gained control over Florence in 1434
 His grandson gained control after Cosimo died
and he was known as Lorenzo the Magnificent

Worldly Values
 Renaissance
Man

All educated people were expected to
create art

Baldassare Castiglione wrote the Courtier
do describe the Renaissance Man
 Charming
Dance
Play Music
Write Poetry
 Witty
 Educated
Sing
Artists
 Michelangelo


Painter, sculptor, and poet
Famous for painting the Sistine chapel
 Donatello

Sculptor
 Carved
natural postures and expressions that
reveal personality

Famous for his statue of David
Artists

Leonardo


Painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist
Famous for his designs that include:
The parachute Diving suit
 Power Loom
Submarine
 Armored Tank Construction Crane


Raphael


Painter
Famous for using perspective
Writers

Petrarch




One of the earliest and most influential humanist
Known as the father of the Renaissance
Wrote Poetry
Machiavelli


Humanist that sought to advise those in
government
Wrote: The Prince

Political guidebook that emphasized that most
people were selfish, fickle and corrupt.