Adolescent Boys

download report

Transcript Adolescent Boys

Adolescent Boys
Priority Areas
•
•
•
•
Body Image
Nutrition and obesity
Substance Abuse
Violence and safety
Body Image
Statistics
•
Played on a sports team
– 64% male
– White male 65.4%
– Black male 67.5%
– Hispanic male 56.2%
•
Participated in strength exercises (3 or more days
every week)
– 60.1% male
– White male 60.6%
– Black male 59.6%
– Hispanic male 59.4%
Affects of the Media
• Low body self esteem
• Disappointed with chest and bicep size due to ads (girls:
thighs and hips)
Nutrition and Obesity
Obesity
• 50% of adult weight is added during adolescence
• 17% of male adolescents are already overweight
• 1/3 of all adolescents are at risk of becoming overweight
• Being overweight or obese increases the risk for heart
disease, diabetes, asthma, and causes premature death
Nutrition
• One of two major causes of obesity
• Healthy, family meals have been replaced by fast-food
and junk food
• Only 25% of adolescent males eat 5 or more servings of
fruit and veggies a week, when they’re supposed to get
that many in a day
• Soda consumption by male teens ahs tripled in the past
20 yrs. from 7oz-19oz
• Eating healthy not only makes them feel better
physically, but also helps them get better grades
Physical Inactivity
• 2nd major contributor to obesity
• Besides helping to control weight, it also builds strong
bones, reduces risks for many chronic diseases, and
reduced feelings of depression
• 10% of adolescents males don’t participate in any form
of physical activity
• Teen males who played the most amount of video games
and watched the most TV, ate more junk food and had
about a 1 point higher BMI
Substance Abuse
Some Statistics
• Almost 65% of boys by 12th grade had smoked
cigarettes compared to 22% of girls by the same age.
Alcohol
• Lifetime alcohol use- up to 83% (12th grade)
• Current alcohol use- up to 56% (12th grade)
• Episodic heavy drinking- up to 40% (12th grade)
Marijuana
• Lifetime marijuana use
Boys
Girls
33%
19%
*9th graders
Cocaine
• Current cocaine use
Boys
Girls
5.8%
3.5%
*12th graders
Other Drugs
• Inhalant use, Illegal steroid use, and heroin use all also
followed the same pattern.
• Girls were only higher than boys in methamphetamine
use.
Statistics
• Offered, Sold or given an illegal drug on school property
Boys
Girls
32%
25%
Recommendations
• Stricter drug policies and enforcement in schools
• Repetitive and more effective drug education programs
in schools
Violence and Safety
Facts
• Boys are more likely than girls to:
– have discipline/behavior problems
– to be involved in violent crimes
– carry weapons to school
• Boys constitute 71% of school suspensions
• Boys are seriously under diagnosed for depression
- macho attitudes are linked to depression
Physical Violence
• Physical abuse includes:
– hitting, slapping, punching, shoving, kicking, biting,
and hair-pulling.
– use of a weapon, such as a club, knife, or gun,
against someone
• Teenage boys are much more likely to use force in order
to control their girlfriends, while girls more often act
violently in self-defense.
Physical Violence
• In general, African American and Latino boys are more
likely than other boys to be involved with crime and
violence on school property.
Physical Violence
2003
Boys Girls
40.5%
Physical
Fighting
5.7%
Injured in
physical
fighting
Physical fight 17.1%
on school
property
2001
Boys Girls
1999
Boys Girls
25.1% 43.1%
23.9%
44%
27.3%
2.6%
5.2%
2.9%
5.3%
2.8%
8.0%
18%
7.2%
18.5%
9.8%
• Statistics from YRBSS, 15,240 participants
- 40.5% ≈ 6,172 participants
What causes?
• Insults and disrespect
• Ongoing disagreement
• Someone was hit, pushed, or bumped
• Rumors
• Reputation
• Teased by a bully
Recommendations
• Get them involved with sports, clubs, or different
activities
• Pick up a hobby, such as learning guitar
• Educational classes for parents
• Decrease amount of media violence
• Never fight anyone who might be intoxicated
• Don’t carry guns or weapons