Focus on implementation

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Transcript Focus on implementation

CAPEC INTERNATIONAL FORUM
BEIJING, CHINA, 20 NOVEMBER 2013
Lefadi Makibinyane
Chief Executive Officer
2
National Development Plan - Background
Apr
President Zuma appoints the Commission
Jun
Diagnostic Report published
Nov
Draft National Development Plan released
Public consultation
Aug
Sep
Dec
Handover to President and Nation
Cabinet adopts the Plan
ANC Conference adopts the Plan
Focus on implementation
2010
2011
2011/12
2012 2013 onwards
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National Development Plan
The National Development Plan aims to eliminate
poverty and reduce inequality by 2030. South
Africa can realise these goals by drawing on the
energies of its people, growing an inclusive
economy, building capabilities, enhancing the
capacity of the state, and promoting leadership
and partnerships throughout society.”
Source: National Development Plan Executive
Summary
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Overview of the 18 SIPs
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3
3
3
2
1
1
Geographically-focused SIPs
Spatial SIPs
Energy SIPs
Social Infrastructure
Knowledge SIPs
Regional Integration SIP
One Water & Sanitation MasterplanSIP
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Role of SOCs in the PICC
• The PICC has appointed a State Owned Company
(SOC) to lead each SIP, the intent being to:
• Ensure project focus
• Improve project co-ordination and quality
(development and construction) through the use of
standardised and proven methods and tools
• Improve progress tracking through the use of
standardised dashboards and common information
technology systems
• Raise decisions required to unblock progress to a
ministerial and presidential level
• The creation of the asset remains the
accountability of the asset owner e.g. transmission
infrastructure remains with Eskom, rail with
Transnet Freight Rail and water with Department
of Water Affairs.
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Diagnostic Report in June 2011
Too few people work
•The quality of school education for black people is
poor
•Infrastructure is poorly located, inadequate and
under-maintained
•Spatial divides hobble inclusive development
•The economy is unsustainably resource intensive
•The public health system cannot meet demand or
sustain quality
•Public services are uneven and often of poor quality
•Corruption levels are high
•South Africa remains a divided society
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Demographic trends
•
•
•
•
Population to reach 58.5 million by 2030
Fertility rates are declining
By 2030 70% of population will be urban
In 2010, SA entered a ‘demographic window’
– large youth population
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Key characteristics of the NDP
Not just a vision - a long-term strategic plan, that serves
four broad objectives:
1.
Provides overarching goals to achieve by 2030
2.
Builds consensus on the key obstacles and specific
actions to be undertaken
3.
Provides a common framework for detailed planning
4.
Creates a basis for making choices about how best
to use limited resources
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Contribution
• The Engineering profession did contribute significant to
the NDP
Relevant :
Chapter 3 : Economy and Employment
Chapter 4 : Economic Infrastructure
Chapter 9 : Improving Education Training
and Innovation
Chapter 13 : Building a capable and Developmental
state
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Others
• Other parts of the NDP :
Chapter 5 : Environmental Sustainability – an
equitable transition to a row carbon
economy
Chapter 6 :
An Integrated and Inclusive Rural
Economy
Chapter 7 :
Positioning South Africa in the World
Chapter 8 :
Transforming Human Settlement and
National Space Economy
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Rest of the NDP
• Not highlighted by the Engineering Profession :
Chapters 1 and 2 about policy making and
demographic trend
Chapter 10 : on health challenges and promoting health
goals
Chapter 11 : Social protection
Chapter 12 : Building Safer Communities
Chapter 14 : Fighting Corruption
Chapter 15 : Transforming Society and Uniting the
Country
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Shortage of Engineers
Accredited BEng-type Programmes per million of
population
Country
Population
Programmes
Ratio
South Africa
51.5
51
1.0
Japan
125.0
388
3.1
Turkey
76.9
300
3.9
Singapore2
5.1
23
4.5
United States
327.2
1854
5.7
Ireland
4.6
30
6.5
Canada
35.1
261
7.4
Malaysia
28.3
211
7.5
New Zealand
4.4
36
8.1
Shortage
Accredited BEng-type Programmes per million of
population (contd)
Country
Population
Programmes
Ratio
S. Korea
49.2
463
9.4
Australia
23.8
248
10.4
Taiwan
25.0
3331
13.2
Hong Kong
7.1
111
15.6
United Kingdom3
64.8
1903
29.4
Extract from Engineering Profession’s submission to National Planning
Commission, 2012
1 : Low estimate, not all programmes accredited
2 : Low estimate : number of students per programme is large
3 : High estimate : cases where two programmes are required in combination
Cycle of
development
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Diagnostic of the SA Economy
• Under apartheid, the economy was oligopolistic:
– strong mining sector and
– sophisticated financial services sector
• Ownership and control patterns largely unchanged &
contribute to high levels of poverty and inequality
• Low skill jobs have declined & high skill jobs grew
significantly
• Loss of low skill jobs has raised inequality
• Too few skills to compete with advanced economies &
high cost structure to compete with developing countries
• Our weak economic performance is largely attributed to
poor export performance since the early 1980s
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Greater impact
Harder to do
Explaining the slow progress on jobs
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Migration between provinces
The in – and outflows
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Migration
Province where people were counted compared with
province of birth
Census 2011
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Provincial Contribution to GDP
Real GDP by 2030
Real GDP in 2010
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Spatial transformation
• Tackle inherited spatial divisions in accordance with
principles of spatial justice, sustainability, resilience,
quality and efficiency
• Contain sprawl and increase densities (but mitigate
against rising costs of land for the poor)
• Investment in public transport should be actively used for
the spatial transformation of towns and cities
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Create jobs
Grow the economy and make it more labour absorbing
• Lower the cost of living and of doing business
• Increase infrastructure spending to 10% of GDP
• Promote competitiveness and exports - diversify
trade towards emerging economies
• Exploit our mineral endowments to pay for
capability upgrading
• Promote manufacturing in areas of competitive
advantage
• Grow agricultural output and focus on agroprocessing
• Improve the functioning of the labour market to
make it easier for young work seekers to get jobs
• Make it possible for very skilled immigrants to
work in South Africa
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NDP Headline Numbers
2010
2030
Economy: R1.84 trillion
-+R5.27 trillion
Employment: 13 million
24 million
Unemployment: 25.3%
6%
Poverty: 39%
0%
Access to electricity: 85%
100%
Inequality: 0.69 (gini)
0.60
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ECONOMIC INFRASTRUCTURE
IN THE SHORT TO MEDIUM
TERM
Regulation, energy, water
transport, ICT
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Low-carbon economy
• Focus on more energy-efficient buildings and building
techniques.
– Target is zero emission building standards by 2030.
• Invest in research and human capacity in climate
change adaptation and climate modelling, agricultural
technologies
• Establish Independent Climate Change Centre to
support actions of government, business and civil
society.
• Invest in renewable energy technologies.
– Target is for at least 20 000 MW of renewable
energy to be contracted by 2030.
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Regulation
• Plan has called for a far-reaching review of current
infrastructure regulators, to clarify roles and
accountabilities, update legislation and subsidiary
regulations and reform institutional arrangements and
design
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Regulation
• Internationally, there has been much recent rethinking
about the institutional arrangements and design of
network regulators.
– Regulators can do more to smooth prices and avoid
these economic shocks.
– The quality of regulation, however, is not just about
the regulator. The state itself must have adequate
capacity and capability to formulate effective policy
framework, support the design, establishment,
review and improvement of regulators – and to
respond adequately to issues identified by capable
regulators.
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Build a capable state
• Create a professional public service
– Ensure that the public service in immersed in the
development agenda but insulated from undue
political interference
– Boost the role of the public service commission
– Create an administrative head of the public service
• Make the public service a career of choice
– Establish a government - wide graduate trainee
programme
– Create career paths for technical specialists and
local government civil servants
• Improve relations between national, provincial and
local government
– Give metros a more coherent set of powers
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Build a capable state
• Improve state-owned enterprises a professional public
service
– Produce clear, publicly available mandates setting
out public interest
– Clean up governance structures: government
appoints the boards and the boards appoint CEOs
– Clearly delineate responsibilities between
departments
• Professionalise the police service
– Implement dual track recruitment process
– Put in place code of conduct to enforce discipline
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Implications for Local Government
• Need to strengthen the ability of local government to fulfil
its developmental role
• IDPs need to focus attention on critical areas such as
spatial planning, infrastructure and basic services.
• IDP process needs to be led by municipal staff, not
outsourced to consultants
• Local govt must identify NDP programmes where
implementation can start immediately
• Build on NDP proposals and develop programme
implementation plans
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Managing intergovernmental relations
• Give metros greater control over built environment
functions
• Broker agreements on the division of service
provision and funding where duplication exists
between district and local municipalities
• Regional service providers to play a role where
municipalities lack capacity
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Summary on Engineering
•We have a long standing deficit
•Development will require greatly increased engineering
skills – to plan, design, build, maintain and operate
services and infrastructure for improved quality of life
for the majority
•The shortage is a structural problem
•Production of engineering professionals is a pipeline
process – needs an integrated approach
•Addressing the structural problem requires a concerted
action by a group of stakeholders, i.e. government,
engineering universities, basic education employers and
even Setas.
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The six pillars of the NDP
1. Mobilisation of all South Africans
2. Active engagement of citizens in
their own development
3. Expansion of the economy &
making growth inclusive
4. Building of key capabilities
(human, physical & institutional)
5. Building a capable and
developmental state
6. Fostering of strong leadership
throughout society
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Engineering activities
•Economic development and provision of services
to society
•Application of engineering sciences, technology,
and techniques
•Engineers provide solutions predicted in often
uncertain contexts
•Engineering has consequences and .. Must be
carried out
- responsibly and ethically
- efficiently and economically
- safeguarding health and safety
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Relevance
Where Engineering comes in
•Climate change, extreme weather, energy, new
energy sources, low carbon economy, sanitation,
water supply, flooding, waste management,
manufacturing, natural/mineral resources,
agricultural output, pollution, fuels, etc.
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Relevance
• Also – Inclusive Growth w/c reduces
unemployment reduces poverty and raises living
standards
• Need to improve material conditions and human
conditions iot improve capabilities of SA
For all this we need active citizenry, effective
government and strong leadership
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The visioning has been done – we
must now focus on implementation &
measurable outcomes
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A focus on implementation
Integrate NDP into government plans for 2013,
and make existing government work consistent
with the Plan
Identify, at the outset, areas of responsibility
and accountability
Prioritise critical steps to unlock
implementation
Sustain broad public support and use social
dialogue to construct cross-sectoral
partnerships and set benchmarks
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THANK
YOU