#### Transcript Projectile Motion

```What is Projectile
Motion?
Instructional Objectives:
• Students will be able to:
– Define Projectile Motion
– Distinguish between the different types of
projectile motion
– Apply the concept to a toy car and measure its
velocity
Projectile Motion
• Two-dimensional motion of an object
– Vertical
– Horizontal
Types of Projectile
Motion
• Horizontal
– Motion of a ball rolling freely along a
level surface
– Horizontal velocity is ALWAYS
constant
• Vertical
– Motion of a freely falling object
– Force due to gravity
– Vertical component of velocity
changes with time
• Parabolic
– Path traced by an object accelerating
only in the vertical direction while
moving at constant horizontal velocity
Examples of Projectile
Motion
• Launching a Cannon ball
Equations
• X- Component
x f  xi  v xi t
• Y- Component
1 2
gt
2
 2 g y
y f  y i  v yi t 
v yf  v yi
2
2
v yf  v yi  gt
• Vectors
v xi  vi cos( )
v yi  vi sin(  )
Note: g= 9.8
m/s^2
Factors Affecting
Projectile Motion
• What two factors would affect projectile
motion?
– Angle
– Initial velocity
Initial Velocity
Angle
Class Exercise
An object is fired from the ground at 100
meters per second at an angle of 30
degrees with the horizontal
Calculate the horizontal and vertical
components of the initial velocity
After 2.0 seconds, how far has the object
traveled in the horizontal direction?
How high is the object at this point?
Solution
• Part a
 s cos 30   87 m s
 v sin   100 m sin 30   50 m
s
s
vix  vi cos   100 m
viy
• Part b
0
0
i
x
vix 
t

x  v x t  87 m
• Part c
y  viy t 
s
2.0s   174m
  



1
1
2
g t 2  50 m 2.0s   9.8 m 2 2.0s 
s
s
2
2
Applications
Any Ideas?
LAB TIME!!!
```