Bipolar disorder I and II

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Transcript Bipolar disorder I and II

Bipolar disorder I and II
Created by:
Katherine Hernandez
Psychology period 3
•Bipolar is a brain disorder that causes shift in
mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to
carry out day-to-day tasks.
•Bipolar I- mixed episodes that last as long as 4
months and are so severe that they need
immediate hospital care.
•Bipolar II- a pattern of depressive episodes
shifting back and forth with hypomanic episodes,
Hypomanic Episodes- mild manias
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Associate Features
 Diagnostic criteria for 296.ox Bipolar I
Disorder,Single Manic Episode
 A.Presence only one Manic Episode and no
one post major depressive Episodes.
 Note- Recurrence is defined as either a change
in polarity from depression or an interval of at
least 2 months with out manic symptoms.
Associative Features
 B. The manic Episode is not better
accounted with Schizoaffective Disorder
and is not superimposed on
Schizophrenia, Schitzophreniform
Disorder, Delusional Disorder, or
Psychotic Disorder Not otherwise
Associative Features
 Diagnostic Criteria for 296.89 Bipolar II
 A.Presence (or history) of one or more
Major Depressive Episodes.
 B.Presence (or history) of at least one
Hypomanic Episode.
 C. There has never been a Manic Episode
or a Mixed Episode.
Associative Features
 D. The mood symptoms are not better
accounted for by Schizoaffect Disorder and
are not superimposed on Schizophrenia,
Schizophreniform Disorder, Delusional
Disorder, or Psychotic Disorder not
otherwise specified.
 E. The symptoms cause clinically significant
distress or impairment in social,
occupational, or other important areas of
 Bipolar Disorder is hereditary.
 If a family member does not have
Bipolar Disorder it does not mean that
you will not be able to get it. It is just
rare that you will.
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 There is no cure for Bipolar Disorder.
 Proper treatment helps most people with the
Bipolar Disorder.
 Treatments will help them gain better control
of their lives.
 Because bipolar is a lifelong and recurrent
illness, the disorder needs long-term
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 Some medications are:
 Mood stabilizers
 Lithium
 Valporic Acid or Divalproex Sodium
 Psychotherapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Family-focused therapy
Interpersonal therapy
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 Electroconvulsive therapy
 “Shock Therapy”
 Lasts 30-90 sec.
 People recover within 5-15 minutes.
 Sleep Medication
 People usually have trouble sleeping before their
bipolar treatment.
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 Other Anticonvulsive Medications
 Gabapentin (Nuerontin), Topiramate (Topamax),
and Oxcarbaaepine (Trileptal)
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 Bipolar Disorder is more common in females.
Videos on what bipolar
disorder is
Celebrities that suffer from bipolar
From left to right:
Jessica Stroup, Catherine
Zeta Jones, Ben Stiller,
Demi Lavato
 Halgin, R.P & Whitbourne, S.K.(2005).Abnormal
psychology: clinical programs on psychological
disorders. New York,NY: McGraw-hill.
 N.D. (n.d). DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder I
and II. Retrieve
 N.D(n.d.).Introduction:bipolardisorder.Retrieve
Discussion Questions
 After learning about Bipolar what is
your opinion about the mental illness?