Phonics - Holmbush Primary Academy

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Transcript Phonics - Holmbush Primary Academy

Please help yourself to refreshments.
• To understand why phonics is important for reading and spelling
• To find out how we teach phonics at Holmbush
• To find out about the Year 1 Phonic Check
• To learn how to support your child at home
What is phonics?
Phonics is a method of teaching people to read by linking sounds with
Phoneme – the smallest unit of sound in spoken language. When these are
combined they form words
Grapheme – a symbol of a phoneme, that is a letter or group of letters
representing a sound.
There is always the same number of graphemes as phonemes in a word.
It is generally accepted that there are 44
phonemes in the spoken English language.
Most phonemes can be spelled in more than
one way and most graphemes can represent
more than one phoneme!
Phonics for reading and spelling
• We convert letters to sounds when reading aloud (decoding words)
• We convert sounds to letters when we are spelling (encoding for
To do this children must learn which grapheme corresponds to which
phoneme and vice versa.
How do we teach phonics at Holmbush?
• We follow ‘Letters and Sounds’ which is divided into 6 phonic phases.
• We use the ‘Jolly Phonic’ pictures, songs and actions to support our
• In Years 1 and 2 the children are grouped according to the phonic
phase they are working on.
• We teach phonics for 30mins every day.
• Children are encouraged to use their phonic knowledge in all reading
and writing activities throughout the day.
Phase 1
This is a really important stage to help children really develop their
listening skills.
In nursery and reception, children will listen carefully to environmental
sounds, musical instruments and sing songs/nursery rhymes.
All these activities will help children when it comes to hearing the
difference between phonemes (eg ‘v’ and ‘th’ and ‘f’).
Jolly Phonics – phase 2 and 3
Phonic Phase 5
Learning the Letters
This involves:
• distinguishing the shape of the letter from other letter shapes (sorting);
• recognising and saying a sound (phoneme) associated with the letter
• recalling the shape of the letter (or selecting it from a display) when given
its sound;
• writing the shape of the letter with the correct movement, orientation and
relationship to other letters;
• naming the letter;
• being able to recall and recognise the shape of a letter from its name.
Blending for reading
In order to read a word a child must sound out each grapheme, not each
letter (eg sh/i/p not s/h/i/p) and then blend the sounds together to make
the word.
• Encourage your child to use a finger to follow the word from left to right
when blending
• Encourage quick ‘smooth’ blending with ‘pure’ sounds (model how to do
this). Talk about the sounds being ‘hooked’ together; if they become
unhooked the word falls apart!
• Mark words with dots under single letter graphemes and lines under
digraphs and tri-graphs.
• Start with simple 2/3 letter words.
Phonics Screening Check in Year 1
• confirms that pupils have learnt phonic decoding to an appropriate
• Identifies pupils who will need extra help to improve their decoding
• Consists of 20 real words and 20 pseudo-words that a child reads to
their teacher
• Takes place in June.
• If a child doesn’t reach the required standard, they have to be tested
each year until they ‘pass’.
Phonics Screening check
From this…
…to this
Why is it difficult for some children?
• Difficulty recognising, or confusing the graphemes (eg b/d).
• Difficulty linking the grapheme to the correct phoneme.
• Difficulty blending the phonemes in the correct order.
• Not noticing digraphs/ trigraphs in words and sounding out one letter
at a time.
• Not saying the sounds correctly.
How can you help at home?
• Encourage your child to pronounce sounds correctly when speaking, by
modelling the correct pronunciation.
• Use ‘pure’ sounds when learning letter sounds and blending (Youtube).
• Play games such as ‘I spy’ ( either something beginning with … or I spy a coa-t).
• Flash cards – with or without pictures.
• Matching games such as Snap, Bingo, Pairs (with letters or words).
• Using magnetic letters on the fridge to sort or make words.
• Singing nursery rhymes and encouraging your child to fill in the missing