Morgan, Liz and Megan

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Transcript Morgan, Liz and Megan

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Morgan, Liz, Megan
According to scientific theory, over fifteen
thousand million years ago, the universe
came into existence with a huge explosion,
much more violent then any that has
happened since. Everything in the universe
was packed together at a single point during
this first instant of creation, but the
explosion blew it apart and the universe is
still spreading out today.
 The sun is the largest
object in the solar
system. You could fit 1.3
million Earths in the sun.
the outer layer of the sun
is called the photosphere
and has a temperature of
6,000 degrees C or
11,000 degrees F. solar
energy is created deep
within the Sun’s core.
Mercury is the second smallest in the solar
system. It is just slightly larger then Earth’s
moon and its surface is covered with
In the areas that are sunlit the surface is so
hot that it can melt lead.
Compared with the other planets Venus
rotates backwards. Venus doesn’t have
any moons or rings. Venus, which is
named after the Roman goddess of love
and beauty is also called the Jewel of the
The only known life in
the solar system is on
earth. Affecting
earth’s weather solar
activity gives to rise a
dramatic visual
phenomenon in our
• Mars has an impressive surface with
features such as enormous volcanoes and
valleys. The solar system’s largest volcano
Olympus Mons, is located on Mars. It’s
base is larger then New Mexico. Mars is
commonly referred to as the Red Planet.
Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar
system. Jupiter’s great red spot is a huge
storm that lasted since the time of Galileo.
Unlike Saturn’s rings, Jupiter has a very
simple system of rings that is an inner
halo, a main ring, and a Gossamer Ring.
• Saturn has the most
spectacular set of rings in the
solar system. The system of
rings is wide, thin, and made of
small pieces of ice and rock.
As a result of a
possible collision
with an Earth-sized
object that may
have knocked it
over on its side,
Uranus rolls
around in orbit.
Uranus has a faint
ring system and 27
known moons.
• Neptune is a very
cold place. Its
bluish color comes
from its atmosphere
of methane gas.
One of the windiest
place in the solar
system is Neptune.
Winds top 1,000 km
per hour.
 This
mysterious planet is really a double
planet system, since its moon, Charon, is
very close to Pluto and about the same
We live in a giant spiral galaxy called
the Milky Way Galaxy. Our sun is one
of several billion stars in the Milky
Way. The milky way has two other
galaxies that orbit it nearby, they are
visible from the southern
hemisphere. They are called the
Large Megellanic Cloud and the Small
Megellanic cloud.
Small, fragile, irregularly shaped bodies
composed of a mixture of non-volatile
grains and frozen gases are comets.
There orbits are highly elliptical, it brings
them close to the sun and swing them
Meteors enter our atmosphere on a
regular basis. At certain times when the
rate of observable meteors is high is called
a meteor shower.
The solar system
consists of the Sun,
Mercury, Venus,
Earth, Mars, Jupiter,
Saturn, Uranus,
Neptune, and Pluto.
It also includes
comets, asteroids,
and meteoroids.
 Since October 2003,
there have been 64
moons orbiting the
solar systems
planets. Mercury and
Venus have no
moons. Mars has 2
 Earth has 1 moon
called Luna. Jupiter
has 16 moons! Saturn
has 19 moons!
Uranus has 17
moons! Neptune has
8 moons. Pluto only
has one.
Charged particles from the solar wind
becomes trapped in earth’s magnetic
fields. They collide with air molecules
above our planets magnetic poles. These
air molecules begin to glow and known as
the auroras or northern and southern
During flights, the Galileo
spacecraft got images of
the earth and moon. The
Tyco impact basin is the
bright ray center at the
bottom of the moon.