Atomic bombing of Nagasaki, 1945

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Transcript Atomic bombing of Nagasaki, 1945

Cover Slide
The Earth and
Its Peoples
3rd edition
Chapter 30
The Collapse of the
Old Order,
1929-1949
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Atomic bombing of Nagasaki, 1945
Atomic bombing of Nagasaki, 1945
When this photo of the atomic
bombing of Nagasaki was taken on
August 9, 1945, from an observation
plane 6 miles up, 35,000 people on the
ground had died. (Courtesy of the
Trustees of the Imperial War Museum)
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D-Day 1944
D-Day 1944
During the Normandy Invasions at Omaha Beach, June 6, 1944, airborne paratroopers landed behind German
coastal fortifications around midnight, and American and British forces hit several beaches at daybreak as
Allied ships and bombers provided cover. American troops secured full control of Omaha Beach by nightfall,
but at a price of 3,000 casualties. Allied air power prevented the Germans from bringing up reserves and
counterattacking. (National Archives)
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Families marched out of Warsaw Ghetto
Families marched out of Warsaw Ghetto
This photo captures the terrible inhumanity of Nazi racism. German soldiers are forcing
frightened and bewildered families from their homes in the soon-to-be-destroyed Warsaw
Ghetto, in Poland, for deportation to concentration camps. There they face murder in the gas
chambers. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
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Female guards remove bodies
Female guards remove bodies
When Allied forces entered Germany in 1945, they found not only camp guards and
their prisoners but also enormous numbers of corpses. This photograph shows female
guards at Bergen-Belsen, one of the most infamous concentration camps, dumping
the bodies of Holocaust victims into a mass grave. (Wide World Photos)
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"For the Motherland's Sake, Go Forward"
"For the Motherland's Sake, Go
Forward"
Joining the historic Russian warrior
and the young Soviet soldier in the
common cause, this poster--For the
Motherland's Sake, Go Forward,
Heroes--portrays the defense of the
nation as a sacred mission and
illustrates the way Soviet leaders
successfully appealed to Russian
nationalism during the war. (Library of
Congress)
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Forced labor camp
Forced labor camp
This rare photo from about 1933 shows the reality of deported peasants and other political
prisoners building the Stalin-White Sea Canal in far northern Russia, with their bare hands and
under the most dehumanizing conditions. In books and plays Stalin's followers praised the
project as a model for the regeneration of "reactionaries" and "kulak exploiters" through the
joys of socialist work. (David King Collection)
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German Dive-Bombers over Poland
German Dive-Bombers over Poland
This German painting depicts a German ME-100 fighter plane attacking a Soviet
troops convoy on the Eastern Front. (akg-images)
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Germany absorbs Austria
Germany absorbs Austria
With the defeat and dismemberment of
the Habsburg Empire, Austria was left a
small, landlocked country after World
War I. Most Austrians would have
welcomed unification with Germany, but
the peacemakers specifically prohibited
any such step. As it happened, Austria
was unified with Germany on Hitler's
terms with the Anschluss of March 1938.
Here Austrians look on as German
troops march into Salzburg. (Hulton
Archives/Getty Images)
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Grosz, Draussen und Drinnen
Grosz, Draussen und Drinnen
George Grosz (German painter and graphic artist, 1893-1959) developed a bitter, savagely
satiric style to express the disillusionment of his post-World War I generation. In this detail
from his painting Draussen und Drinnen (Outside and Inside) he captures the uncertainty and
anxiety of the 1920s. (akg-images)
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Hitler in opposition
Hitler in opposition
Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) returns the
salute of his Brown Shirts in this
photograph from the third party day
rally in Nuremberg in 1927. The
Brown Shirts formed a private army
within the Nazi movement, and their
uniforms, marches, salutes, and
vandalism helped keep Hitler in the
public eye in the 1920s. (Courtesy,
Bison Books, London)
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Japanese in Shanghai, 1937
Japanese in Shanghai, 1937
The rise of Chinese nationalism challenged the control that Japan exercised over Manchuria through Chinese
warlords. In 1937 the Japanese military and the ultranationalists decided to use a minor incident near Beijing
as a pretext for a general attack. The Nationalist government joined in a united front with the Communists
and fought hard to halt the Japanese. But Shanghai, China's leading port, fell to the invading Japanese in
November of that year. These jubilant infantry troops have successfully stormed the city's North Station. In
China, the Japanese won the battles but they could not win the war. (Ullstein Bilderdienst)
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Mao on Long March, 1933
Mao on Long March, 1933
Mao Zedong (1893-1976) joined the
Communist Party in the early 1920s
and soon became one of its leaders. In
1934-1935, pursued by the
Guomindang army, Mao Zedong led
his rag-tag army of Communist
guerrillas on a Long March (6,000
miles in one year) across the rugged
mountains of southern and western
China. Of the 100,000 Communists
who left Bangxi in October 1934, only
8,000-10,000 reached Shaanxi a year
later. In this romanticized painting,
young Mao is speaking to a group of
soldiers in spotless uniforms who look
up at him with worshipful
expressions. (Library of Congress)
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Milkman in London
Milkman in London
Adolf Hitler believed that his relentless terror bombing of London--the "blitz"--could break the
will of the British people in 1940. He was wrong. The blitz caused enormous destruction, but
Londoners went about their business with courage and calm determination, as this
unforgettable image of a milkman in the rubble suggests. (Corbis)
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Mussolini
Mussolini
In this photo, Benito Mussolini--the founder of fascism--is shown with other fascist leaders in
1922, as he becomes prime minister of Italy. Standing at Mussolini's right (with beard) is Italo
Belbo, later a pioneering aviator and fascist Italy's air force minister. (Corbis)
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"No pasaran" poster, Spanish Civil War
"No pasaran" poster, Spanish Civil
War
"No pasaran!" (They shall not pass),"
proclaimed the charismatic Spanish
communist Dolores Ibarruri (18951989), whose impassioned speeches
and radio broadcasts helped inspire
the heroic defense of Madrid during
the civil war that gripped Spain
during the later 1930s. This poster
depicts Spanish soldiers defending
the democratic republic against the
antidemocratic nationalists seeking to
overthrow it. (Biblioteca Nacional
Madrid)
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Picasso, Guernica
Picasso, Guernica
Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) was probably the most significant artist of the early twentieth century. For more
than seventy years, he personified the individuality, freedom, and revolutionary creativity of the modern arts.
His passionate involvement in his times infuses his immense painting Guernica, often considered his greatest
work. Painted for the Spanish pavilion at the Paris International Exhibition in 1937, this mural, with its
mournful white, black, and blue colors, was inspired by the devastation of Guernica by fascist planes in a
single night. (Museo del Prado/Giraudon/Art Resource, NY (c) Artists Rights Society (ARS), New
York/ADAGP, Paris)
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Stalin and workers march to victory
Stalin and workers march to victory
Stalin rarely appeared in public, but
posters singing his praises were
everywhere. Here the mighty ruler is
almost one of the boys, as he and Soviet
workers march to victory. "Our program
is realistic," Stalin proclaims on the
poster, "because it is you and me
working together." (David King
Collection)
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Stalingrad, November 1942
Stalingrad, November 1942
From September 1942 until the German surrender early in February 1943,
Stalingrad, on the Volga River, saw some of the heaviest fighting of World War II.
The Soviet victory, in the face of incredible casualties, was arguably the turning
point in the war in Europe. (Sovfoto/Eastfoto)
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Still of Nuremburg
Still of Nuremburg
This still is from an extraordinary illustration of the Nazi period: Triumph of the Will, a documentary film on
the sixth Nazi Party rally, which took place September 4-10, 1934, in the historic city of Nuremberg. Directed
by a talented young woman, Leni Riefenstahl (1902-2003), Triumph of the Will has long been recognized as
one of the most compelling propaganda films ever made. (Museum of Modern Art Film Stills Archive)
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"There's No Way Like the American Way"
"There's No Way Like the American Way"
In this classic 1930s photograph, Life magazine photographer Margaret Bourke-White (1904-1971) captured
the contrast between advertisers' views of the ideal American family and the reality of mass poverty in a land
of plenty, in this case a line of Louisville flood victims, 1937. Bourke-White was one of the most important
photographers of the twentieth century. She was a woman doing a man's job, in a man's world, from the
foundries of Cleveland to the battlefields of World War II. (TimePix/Getty Images)
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"This is Nazi brutality"
"This is Nazi brutality"
Ben Shahn (1898-1969) is recognized
as a master of social realist art. Born in
Lithuania, he lived in America most of
his life. He was employed in the Office
of War Information, but only two of his
designs were used. Lidice, in Central
Bohemia, was destroyed on June 10,
1942, as a reprisal for the assassination
of a German gauleiter (provincial
governor). It has been rebuilt as a
memorial. The visual force of Shahn's
poster depends partly on the disturbing
image of a hooded figure but also on
the angularity of the background and
the impersonality of the strips of ticker
tape. (Courtesy of the Trustees of the
Imperial War Museum)
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Map: The Growth of Nazi Germany
The Growth of Nazi Germany
Until March 1939, Hitler brought ethnic Germans into the Nazi state; then he turned on the Slavic peoples he had always
hated. He stripped Czechoslovakia of its independence and prepared for an attack on Poland in September 1939. (Copyright
(c) Houghton Mifflin Company. All Rights Reserved.)
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Map: World War II in Europe
World War II in Europe
This map shows the extent of Hitler's empire at its height, before the Battle of Stalingrad in late 1942 and the subsequent
advances of the Allies until Germany surrendered on May 7, 1945. (Copyright (c) Houghton Mifflin Company. All Rights
Reserved.)
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Map: World War II in the Pacific
World War II in the Pacific
Japanese forces overran an enormous amount of territory in 1942, which the Allies slowly recaptured in a long, bitter
struggle. As this map shows, Japan still held a large Asian empire in August 1945, when the unprecedented devastation of
atomic warfare suddenly forced it to surrender. (Copyright (c) Houghton Mifflin Company. All Rights Reserved.)
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.