- UNDP Climate Change Adaptation
- UNDP Climate Change Adaptation
June 29- July 3, 2009
Climate Change Challenges and
Implementation of Community Based
Adaptation Programme in Jamaica
Knutsford Court Hotel, Kingston Jamaica
June 29, 2009
•Extremes in Climate
•Banana industry & Other crops
What Happened in 1997 El-Nino?
All Parishes in Jamaica
Dec- Jan- Feb- Mar- Apr- May- Jun- Jul- Aug- Sep- Oct- Nov- DecJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan
What were the impacts on socio-economic sectors?
•First to be affected
•Some effects extended to 1998
e.g., the vol of cane milled from Oct to Dec
1998 was 37,998 compared with 81,341
tonnes in 1997.
•Overall the PIOJ’s agricultural index showed
decline in production
16.6% in 1997
1.1% decline in 1998.
•Direct financial losses island wide for 1997/98
was J$331,686,580 (US$ =J$47 approx.).
Water supply (Ja)
•Water-lock-offs instituted - low levels of water in
•water sources (rivers or wells) dried up.
•Supply water by trucking.
•Cost of this exercise was J$20,336,635.
•Losses likely included damages to plant and animal
species, wildlife habitat, air and water quality, and
damages due to forest and range fires
•Only quantifiable is an estimation of the number
of forest fires increasing by 71%.
•Lack of water - problems with sewage,
sanitation and hygiene
•Ministry of Health initiated a Public Awareness
and Education Programme
possibility of diarrhoea diseases and
•Schools not equipped with storage water tanks
•Concern re effect on bathroom facilities
•Some schools may have been closed due to
lack of water.
Expected Impact of Climate Change on Jamaica
Sea level rise
Spread of diseases like dengue
Bleaching and death of coral reefs
Possible more intense hurricanes
Water resource shortfall
Reduction in Tourist arrival
Depletion of coastal resources
• Death, Migration of fishes to cooler waters
Endangered human settlement
Possible extinction of some species in biodiversity
Not just agriculture, environment
Combating Climate Change Makes
for Sustainable Development
- View of National Coordinating
Committee of CBA
CBA National Coordinating Committee (NCC), Jamaica
•Anthony Chen, University of the West Indies, Chair NCC
•Gary Harriott, Vice Chair, Jamaica Council of Churches
•Leonie Barnaby, GEF Focal Point
•Courtney Brown, Social Development Commission
•Zuliekha Budhan, Ministry of Agriculture
•Derrick Gayle, Environmental Foundation of Jamaica
•Margaret Jones Williams, UNDP
•Amsale Maryam, Association of Developing Agencies
•Franklin McDonald, UWI Institute of Sustainable Development
•Karen McDonald-Gayle, Environmental Foundation of Jamaica
•Edward Robinson, University of the West Indies
•Jean Robinson, Private Sector
•Andrea Shepherd-Stewart, Planning Institute of Jamaica
•Jeffery Spooner, Met. Service (UNFCCC focal point)
•Delores Wade, Planning Institute of Jamaica
Dale Rankine, National Coordinator, UNDP
Hyacinth Douglas, UNDP
Focus of the CBA Country Programme Strategy (CCPS)
The CCPS Focuses on the following:
1. CBA interventions in Jamaica will deliver global environmental benefits
in the GEF focal areas of biodiversity conservation and the prevention
of land degradation.
2. Capacity building at the local level through both initiatives and improved natural
resource management in the context of climate change.
3. In order to make such global benefits more resilient to climate change, project
initiatives under the CBA will support new approaches for land management,
taking into account the increased erosion and land loss risks associated with
4. Biodiversity conservation efforts under the CBA will seek new ways of protecting
and improving habitats in a way that make them less susceptible to coastal and
terrestrial erosion. Conservation efforts should also render species more
capable of coping with the impacts of more intense extreme events, including
hurricanes and other tropical cyclones.
5. This will be accomplished primarily through the implementation of 8-10
demonstration projects that generate global environmental benefits (GEBs), and
make ecosystems resilient to climate variability and change.
CBA Strategy & SPA Requirements
•CBA projects should:
(GEB) and make them more
resilient to climate change
Strategic Priority on
Indicators for focal areas should
be selected from menu of options
•Coastal, Marine &
Sustainable use of
Geographic Area of Focus: Preferred Locations
Concept Review Form
CBA Concept Review Form
To be filled out by the National Coordination Committee, the NC, or a sub-committee of the NCC.
Name of Project:
Name of Proponent:
Total Project Cost:
Total Requesting from CBA Programme:
1. Fit to Global Criteria:
GEF Focal Area: Biodiversity
GEF Operational Programme: OP-2, Coastal, Marine and Freshwater ecosystems
Is the concept complete? Does it address all of the required items in the concept template?
Is the concept eligible for funding under the SPA?
Does the project reduce the risk to the target community stemming from a climate change hazard?
2. Methodology and Rationale:
Does the project describe a clear objective, and describe a reasonable plan for meeting this objective?
Are the proposed likely outcomes compatible with the SPA?
Is the total amount requested within allowable amount?
Is the planning budget cost effective and can support the activities?
4. Proponent Capacity:
Is Proponent a legitimate NGO/CBO?
Does the proponent have experience in successful community activities, or demonstrate the capacity to be
Does the concept demonstrate community engagement?
5. Planning Phase:
Do proposed planning activities support the development of the project proposal?
Is the planning budget cost effective and support the activities?
What are the implications for co-ordination with prospective co-financiers?
How does the VRA Work?
The VRA is composed of four indicators, based on the UNDP
Adaptation Policy Framework approach.
These four indicators become four questions – tailored to the
community and posed in community meetings before, during
and after project implementation.
VRA meetings yield quantitative and qualitative data:
–Useful in aggregating and assessing programmatic impact
–Useful in guiding project design and management
–Useful in capturing lessons learned
CBA NCC Full Proposal Review Form
Name and Number of Project:Name of Proponent:Total
Project Cost:Total Requesting from CBA:
Questions: the project proposal must satisfy all of the criteria
below to be successful. An answer of NO in any of the
following will require that the proposal be reformulated or
a) Does the proposal address a legitimate climate change risk
facing the target community?b) Does the proposal meet the SPA criteria? Does the project
ensure that global environmental benefits or GEBgenerating activities in a GEF focal area are resilient to
Existing CBA Project portfolio
•We have to date approved 5 planning Grants (each
for USD2000. Of these two have been successfully
developed in to full proposals.
•Three are about to get started and will conduct their
initial Vulnerability Assessments (VRAs)
•We have approved those two full proposals, One
already underway with the Jamaica Conservation and
Development Trust (JCDT) in Blue Mts (site visit
tomorrow), the other in Cockpit Country (western
Jamaica) with Bunkers Hill CDC.
•Total commitment of funds to date amounts to:
Participants at CBA Jamaica project concept development session, April 23, 2008.
Eroded, deforested slopes in a
coffee-growing region in
Mountains. Slopes in these
areas are particularly prone to
landslides and erosion in the
face of intense rainfall events
and hurricanes, which are
projected to increase in the face
of climate change.