Environmental Aspect of Transportation

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Transcript Environmental Aspect of Transportation

PAKISTAN SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT PROJECT
National Conference
December 18-19, 2015
Paving the Way for Sustainable
Transport in Pakistan
by
Shahid Lutfi
Environmental Engineer
Why Sustainable Transportation?
• Fleet management
• Traffic management
Why Sustainable Transportation?
• Health implications
• Resource conservations
• Infrastructure
Why Sustainable Transportation?
• Solid waste
• Air emissions
• Service to community
Contribution of Transport
Sector
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Pakistan is highly vulnerable to the adverse
impacts of climate change
Contribution to the total global GHG
emissions is little (about 0.8%)
Energy Sector -> Transport 21%
Transport sector is also responsible for
more than half of the oil consumed in
Pakistan.
Thus managing emissions in this sector
remains crucial for tackling climate change.
Within the transport sector, road transport
is dominant as it is responsible for carrying
91% of the national passenger traffic and
96% of the freight movement.
Vehicles have grown with population and
the economy. 4 million in 2000; 9.8 million
by 2010
Key issues and principles in Sustainable
Transportation Planning
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Access, not mobility
Moving people, not cars
Keep space for walking and pedaled vehicles
Review subsidizing, taxation policy
Health and safety – enhance quality of life
Integrated planning (mainstreaming SD)
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responding to climate change
sustainable development
infrastructure planning, development and maintenance
fleet management
Policy Linkages
• National Environmental Policy, 2005
– Efficient management of environmental resources
– Integration of environmental considerations into policy
making and planning processes
– Establish and enforce standards for control of emissions
and noise; regulate vehicular emissions
– Make standards for vehicles manufacturing; catalytic
converter usage
– Phase out two-stroke
– Promote non-motorized means of travel (cycling,
walking)
– Encourage cost effective inter-city mass transit system
Policy Linkages
• National Climate Change Policy, 2012
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To integrate CC with other inter-related policies
Conserve and improve energy efficiency
Develop and enforce vehicle emissions standards
Fuel efficient public transport system
Plan for mass transit system in cities
Promote scope of CDM projects
Environmental Legislation
• Sindh Environmental Protection Act, 2014
– Prohibition on discharges of emissions and noise in excess to
prescribed standards
– Environmental impact assessments for all projects in planning
phase
– Environmental monitoring
– Prosecution system for non-compliance (Env Magistrates and
Tribunals)
• Pakistan Environmental Protection Act, 1997
• National Environmental Quality Standards
– Vehicular emissions
• Enforcement Status and Institutional Framework
Capacity
Conclusion
• Prevailing environmental policies requires planning for
sustainable transportation
• Transport sector specific standards needs to be develop
for control of vehicular emissions
• Institutional framework to be defined for enforcement
of policy and regulatory instruments for transport
sector.
• Transport Policy need to be harmonized with climate
change, environment, and sustainable development
policies, strategies and regulatory requirements
• Involvement of all relevant stakeholders.