Vision of Larnaka
Transcript Vision of Larnaka
Climate & Topography
Κλίμα & Τοπογραφία
Natural Water Resources
Φυσικοί Υδάτινοι Πόροι
Renewable Energy Sources
-A Coastline of 12.7km that is also Flat land = accessible land,
-300 days of sunshine per year, only 350mm rainfall
• Big Sandy Beaches
• Larnaka District is the RES capital, Cyprus is the solar thermal capital
-Sewerage system prevents pollution of surface and groundwater.
-Stormwater control system prevents flooding.
-Tertiary Treated Wastewater is controlled and re-used
-Sea water is high quality bathing water
-Salt Lakes are 35% of Larnaka Municipality, iconic shape
-Designation attracts visitors both nationally and internationally.
-Value as an ecosystem
-Proximity to city for access, for brand value, signature of city.
-Salt lakes are SCI & SPA
-Larnaka District is the RES capital, Cyprus is
the solar thermal capital
-DLI Monitoring Program
-Problems of PMs
-MBT plant automatic recycling
-Modern sanitary landfill disposal
-Waste streams are known
-Coastal Erosion 22%
-Airport divides the natural state of the salt lakes, Inevitable
encroachment in salt lake area
-Urbanisation creates more impervious surfaces Flooding, impervious
surfaces, changed flow path = flooding risk
-Excess of 40 degrees in June, July, Aug
-Seismically active area (see map)
-Groundwater recharge is not optimised, Quality of Groundwater is
declining, Quantity of water is declining
-Evaporation of sea creates sea spray particulate. Creates erosion of
buildings. Extra insulation needed, pumping systems to move saline
water away from foundations, regular repair of concrete and steel.
-Desalination uses 5% of total energy consumption in Cyprus.
-Non-perennial rivers can encourage Non-conforming uses
-Transboundary nature of climate change and
-Heat Island effect, heat traps, humidity, high
temperatures, shortage of low traffic well
-High production of municipal waste
-Low level of recycling at source
-Currently limited uses for composted material.
-Cost of disposal is high due to reliance on
expensive MBT plant.
-No Composting collection at source
-Illegal dumping of waste blights the landscape
and creates public health issue
Waste (kg) per
Capita across the EU
Απόβλητα (kg) ανά
άτομο στην ΕΕ
-Maximise coastal value
-Create observatory for climate change monitoring in Cyprus and local
area. (e.g. Climatic Research Unit in East Anglia, UK)
-Ecologically sensitive farming
-Renewable energy sector – (photovoltaics at 7 euros per MWh)
-Recharge of groundwater with Tertiary Treated Wastewater
-Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS )
-Desalinated water from solar power
-Quality of life, amenity value, landscape features of salt lakes
-Educational establishments could be set up ecology.
-Ecotourism opportunities could be more fully embraced in the
surrounding areas. Certain areas could be targeted to benefit from
growth of this type of tourism.
-Proximity to city can be an opportunity to develop eco-tourism and
-Encourage community to engage with the salt lake to enhance green
brand of Larnaka
-Create well ventilated, low-traffic, vegetated
-Renewable energy sources to be
implemented across all procurement
projects and municipal buildings
-Hybrid, electric Vehicles, bus lanes along the
-Larnaka Municipality is favourable partner
for international projects (top performer in
Cyprus according to MEDEEA assessment).
-Waste as a resource
Zero waste Larnaka
Energy from waste
Water Recharge of
the Salt Lakes /
νερού στις Αλυκές
-Differing land uses work against one another
-Cyprus climate is changing more rapidly than the global average (1-3
degrees above ‘normal’ 1961-1990):
-Desertification, Storm surges and over half area is 0-4m, Coastal erosion
Sea flooding, Urban flood risk, Sea level rise, Extreme temperature
-Rural life less viable. Crop yields will fall.
-Increased demand for air conditioning in the summertime.
-Seismically active area (see map)
-Continued overexploitation of boreholes, Groundwater contamination
-Saline intrusion converts land uses of agricultural land – Orange groves
of the salt lakes
-Water balance of Salt Lake area may be threatened without adequate
measures for protection, modeling and monitoring.
-Ecosystem vulnerable to climate change
-Pressure to create tourist developments quickly and cheaply may not
complement biodiversity and ecotourism.
-Short term thinking to development may undermine sustainable goals
-Overreliance on desalinisation reduces need to preserve natural water
-Poor quality of life in Larnaka through dusty,
hot and traffic congested areas.
-Human health suffering through increased
mortality and health risks to vulnerable
-MBT plants are used as a reason for poor
recycling at source performance.
-Cost of disposal for some waste streams may
lead to more illegal dumping (e.g
-Uncontrolled disposal areas are threat to
land contamination, surface and
groundwater contamination as well as
environmental risk and climate change
emission liability from landfill gas.
Air Temperature Changes: Average Maximum Daily Temp.
Source: Cyprus Meteorological Service
Particulate Matter at Larnaka Traffic Station (100 days)/
Σωματιδιακή Ύλη σε Σταθμούς Μέτρησης με Τροχαία Κίνηση στη Λάρνακα
CO2 Emmissions: Municipality of Larnaka
Sales(Built Environment Vs Transport, 2009)
Business case for a
•Cities with the best quality of life are also the
most sustainable cities in the world: Attracts
investment, jobs and talented workforce.
•Larnaka has a Competitive advantage in the
•Larnaka could have leadership in green building
and differentiate itself from other cities
•The synergies with a smart city are endless
“Sustainability is simply the biggest
Infrastructure project in history”
•Sustainable construction is more than just
greenwash, Real estate prices, rental income,
ease of sale all benefit, long term maintenance
of buildings and running costs, etc
•Period of Change
• A Coastline of 12.7km
• Flat land = accessible land,
• 300 days of sunshine per
• 350mm rainfall
• Big Sandy Beaches
• Climate Change Research
• Green Economy
• Sustainable Construction
• Stormwater Management
• Port to FT Corridor
• Salt Lake transitions and
• Sustainable Transport
• Attract investment,
workforce with image
Coastal Retreat 22%
Temperature over 40 celc.
Shortage of low traffic,
• Impervious surfaces
Storm Intensity, flooding
Worsening PM problem
Lack of investment