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Carbon Management Plans (CMP)
Steps to reducing emissions at work
union for professionals
This is a Prospect member resource supporting the transition
to a low carbon workplace.
•
Equip and support Prospect members, environment representatives
and Branches to participate in carbon management plans (CMP)
introduced or operational in their organisations.
•
Encourage a Prospect response to CMPs as a legitimate focus for
bargaining because it will affect daily working life. It is important that
the operational implications and financial gains of targets and policies
are properly considered.
Within the presentation there are hyperlinks to resources, documents
and videos which will open in your internet browser.
In this presentation we consider:
• Why we need to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions.
• The cocktail of gases & human activity causing the
problems.
• The UK risks of global warming
• Carbon emission reduction
targets
• Devolved government legislation
and priorities
• Emissions at work & what they
look like
The need for change
Since the start of the industrial revolution in the mid-eighteenth century,
human activities have greatly increased the concentrations of greenhouse
gases (GHG) in the atmosphere.
If global greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase at their current
rate, average temperatures are expected to rise by more than two
degrees above preindustrial levels by around the middle of this century,
and by four degrees by the end of this century.
Increases of two degrees or more will
bring major challenges for public
wellbeing and the economy, and the risk
of dangerous and
irreversible
impacts.
All roads lead to 2050
In February 2015 the Carbon Trust published a high & low risk pathway to achieving the
80% reduction of carbon. The narrative to the infographic explains, “the international
agreement made in Paris in December at least shows that the world wants to get to a
place where global warming does not exceed 2 degrees.
If the conditions are right
there is even the
possibility that we will go
further and aim to get to
no more than 1.5 degrees
…. Now that the end
destination is becoming
clearer, forward looking
companies are trying to
find roadmaps that can
help them get where they
need to go. Unfortunately
this is not going to be an
easy road to travel. And
some routes are more
perilous than others.”
(Click on the graphic for the report and infographic)
UK regional climate change risks associated with
global warming
Key: Most significant climate change effect/Key consequences and receptors.
(Defra, UK Climate Change Risk Assessment 2012 - click on the chart for the original report)
Cocktail of green house gases (GHG) & human activity
Carbon dioxide (CO2): Burning of fossil
When released, each gas has a warming
fuels, biomass, some industrial
effect on the atmosphere.
processes and transport emissions.
Land use changes such as large scale
In organisational reporting they are often
deforestation for example, accounts
referred to as CO2e.
for up to one third of total
Methane (CH4): In broad terms methane emissions
anthropogenic
come from landfill sites, industrial emissions from
CO2 emissions
an ageing oil and gas industry. Livestock is
responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas
Nitrous oxide (N2): Fertiliser
emissions including effects of deforestation in
and some industrial processes order to create grazing land.
which has 296 times the global
Perfluorocarbons (PFC):
warming potential of CO2
Refrigeration sector,
aluminium production and fire
Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6):
extinguishing systems.
Electrical sub-stations, magnesium
smelters, production of consumer
Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC):
goods such as tennis balls and
Refrigeration and air conditioning
training shoes.
equipment (manufacture and end
of life).
The graphic helps us to visualise what CO2 looks like. By 2050
(in target periods) we have to reduce carbon emissions by
10,294 megatonnes of CO2e. This means a change to the way
we work. (1mil tonnes = a megatonne)
This is New York City's daily carbon dioxide emissions as one-tonne
spheres & London’s daily carbon dioxide emissions (139 thousand
tonnes would fill a sphere 521 metres across)
Resources at CarbonVisuals include carbon graphics of all UK government
departments, South Kensington heritage buildings, Bristol and London hospitals (to
name but a few)
Enabling the change: The UK Climate Change Act 2008
•
Includes a legal obligation to annually report the UK’s emissions,
•
places a restriction on the total amount of greenhouse gases the UK can
emit,
•
Establishes a 5 year carbon budget; The first four carbon budgets have
been set in law. The UK is currently in the second carbon budget period
(2013-17). Meeting the fourth carbon budget (2023-27) will require that
emissions be reduced by 50% on 1990 levels in 2025.
•
The UK Climate Change Committee is the statutory body established to
advise the UK Government and Devolved Administrations on emissions
targets and report to Parliament on progress made in reducing
greenhouse gas emissions and preparing for climate change.
A moving landscape of responsibility!
The 2008 Act does not set specific emission targets for the devolved administrations
but it places a duty on them to contribute to the 2050 emission goal.
Clear devolved government policy on agriculture, forestry, fisheries, the
environment and planning, economic development and internal transport has
either been legislated for or is in the process of being enacted.
Policy and/or legislation in Scotland & Wales tends to be more holistic in
nature and can be viewed through the lens of “sustainable development”
umbrella legislation - linking low carbon economic growth to social and
environment activity.
Scotland & Wales both include trade union consultation & participation in
climate change activity.
Chapter 7 of the Meeting Carbon Budgets - Progress in reducing the UK’s
emissions 2015 Report to Parliament (June 2015) gives detail on future
devolution plans
Scotland:
The Climate Change Scotland Act 2009 commits Scotland to:
•
•
•
•
A 42% reduction in GHG emissions by 2020,
Annual reduction targets from 2010 to 2022 and reporting duties,
Duties on public bodies relating to climate change,
Powers to establish a Scottish climate change committee.
Sustainable development is seen as integral to the Scottish Government's overall
purpose as is delivered through work supporting Scotland's transformation to a low
carbon economy. The key objectives are embedded in the Government’s Economic
Strategy for Scotland.
Scotland’s plan encourages initiatives to promote emission reductions within the
transport sector, including electric vehicle charging infrastructure. It also prioritises
investments for renewables infrastructure and prioritises consents for electricity
generation and transmission infrastructure. Scotland has banned the landfilling of
biodegradable material by 2020.
Wales:
There have been significant moves in Wales to establish a legal framework to
deliver on climate change & long-term sustainability ambitions. Some of the
initiatives include:
•
•
•
The Environment (Wales) Bill, to be enacted in spring 2016 contains a long term
GHG emissions reduction target of 80% by 2050. An interim target of 40%
reduction by 2020 is in place.
The Climate Change Strategy for Wales sets out where action will be taken to
reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that Wales produces. It also shows the
preparation for the impacts of climate change and the transition plan for low
carbon energy
Well-being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015 makes the public bodies listed in
the Act think more about the long term with joined up thinking between people
and communities to prevent future problems.
Wales aims to divert all municipal biodegradable waste from landfill by 2020.
One of the priorities of the Welsh Government is to update the energy
transmission and distribution network to meet the low carbon energy of the
future.
Northern Ireland:
Northern Ireland has an Executive Programme for Government target of a 35%
reduction in GHG emissions by 2025. The recent (9 February) Environment Better
Regulation Act (Northern Ireland) 2015 paves the way to establish standards and
objectives for emissions and setting overall limits.
UK Committee on Climate Change (CCC) evidence paper to the Northern Ireland
Assembly, ‘The appropriateness of a Northern Ireland Climate Change Act’,
underpins the case for a stand-alone climate change Act.
Everyone’s involved is the Northern Ireland sustainable development strategy it includes a statutory duty for public bodies to promote sustainability.
Northern Ireland has set a household recycling/reuse target of 50% by 2020, with
a proposal to increase the rate to 60%.
Making it personal
In 1990 we were emitting 13,536 kg’s of CO2e per capita in the UK - by 2050
we need to reduce that to 2,020 kg’s of CO2e per person
Click on the graphic to see short video clip produced by Carbon Visuals
and the Department of Energy & Climate Change
Using your mobile phone for one
hour a day for a year typically
produces 79kg of CO2 (Ethical consumer &
Good Electronics)
Even a short email is estimated to have
a footprint of 4 grams (0.14 ounces) of
CO2e (gCO2e) - including greenhouse
gases produced from running a
computer, servers and routers and the
carbon produced in their manufacture.
(Earth hour campaign)
Use the Carbon Visuals widget to create a visual
representation of your carbon
Emission facts
The energy wasted from a compressed air leak the size of a match head is responsible
for yearly CO2 emissions ………
…….. equal to the weight of
an elephant.
A computer left on overnight for a year creates
enough CO2 to fill a double-decker bus.
Its not just hot air!
A 2 degree increase in office
temperature creates enough carbon
in a year to fill a hot air balloon.
Emissions (mainly methane) from waste
The devolved plans include Scotland: Zero Waste Plan, Wales: Towards Zero Waste
strategy, Northern Ireland: Waste Management Strategy
With permission © Seppo Leinonen, www.seppo.net
Landfill emissions account for 74% of
emissions associated with waste.
Overall there has been good progress in
reducing GHG emissions from waste going
to landfill (down by 64% since 1990).
Stronger policy frameworks are in place in
Wales and Scotland to encourage recycling
by households and businesses. Both have set
recycling targets for 2025 (70%).
New targets via the The Courtauld Commitment will prevent around 10 million
tonnes of food waste and the generation of 20 million tonnes of greenhouse gases
between 2015 and 2025
Prospect workplace support
Workplace bargaining guides with suggestions on what you can
do include:
• Carbon Management Plans
• Low & ultra low carbon travel & transport
(including hybrid & electric cars)
• More than light bulbs (energy efficiency)
• Money to burn resources (heating, cooling,
ventilation & electrical equipment)
The member guides provide devolved administration
information, checklists, case studies, new
regulations and bargaining positions changing our
work life.
Sign up to Prospect’s ‘e’ network for members interested in the
environment and climate change [email protected]