CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL

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Transcript CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL

MDG ACHIEVEMENT FUND
(MDG-F)
Casablanca Regional Workshop for Africa,
Eastern Europe, Asia and Arab States
20-22 June 2011
Presentations by Isagani R Serrano, Social Watch
Philippines/PRRM
Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement
Since 1952
Building sustainable communities
Isagani R Serrano is the president of the Philippine Rural Reconstruction Movement (PRRM) and Coconvenor of Social Watch Philippines (SWP) of which PRRM was a founding member; Editor of SWP's 2007
and 2010 shadow/citizens' reports on the MDGs. Contributor to Social Watch global reports (2004, 2008,
2009, 2011).Author of Pay Now, Not Later, Essays on environment & development (1994 PRRM) and Civil
Society in the Asia Pacific (1994 CIVICUS) and many articles on poverty, sustainable development, climate
justice, people empowerment and governance. Participant in UN conferences (Rio, Cairo, Copenhagen,
Rome, Istanbul, Hamburg, and their +5 +10 follow-ups, etc) in the 1990’s and 2000’s. Political prisoner for
seven years under martial law. MSc Environment & Development Education, South Bank University
London. E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.prrm.org
THE ALTERNATIVE MDG
REPORT 2010
(MDG Shadow Report 2010)
PHILIPPINES
MDG-F M&E SESSION DE
CASABLANCA WORKSHOP MOROCCO
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MDG SHADOW REPORT 2010
Context
MDG Context: sources of stability
and vulnerabilities
Generally smooth and peaceful transition
Overwhelming mandate of new admin
OFW remittances
Filipinos as crisis-resilient
International standing of new regime could
bring in more support (ODA, climate funding)
MDG SHADOW REPORT 2010
Context
MDG Context: Vulnerabilities
•Millions are “left behind”
•Poverty, hunger, joblessness despite growth
•High inequality
•Corruption
•Lack of social protection
•Growth without sustainable development
•Climate change & variability: increasing disasters
•Huge budget deficit
•Mounting debt burden
•Trade deficit
•Multinational extractive industries
MDG SHADOW REPORT 2010
Context
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persistence of poverty
financing
climate change
lingering economic crisis which
can trigger social crisis
 governance
MDG SHADOW REPORT 2010
Description
MDG SHADOW REPORT 2010
Description
COVERAGE and CHAPTERS:
•Poverty and hunger
•Education
•Women and Gender
•Infant and child health
•Maternal health
•Combating HIV/AIDS and other communicable
diseases
•Environment
•Global Partnership
MDG SHADOW REPORT 2010
Description
SPECIAL CHAPTERS:
• “MDG Chances: stability and
vulnerability” (context paper)
• “Financing the MDGs” (macro and fiscal)
• “Bangsamoro Outlook on the MDGs”
• “The Other MDG10 Report”
MDG SHADOW REPORT 2010
Description
PROCESS:
•Spearheaded by SWP;
•Each chapter prepared by writers from civil society
organizations active in advocacy and research on
sector concerned;
•Written in consultation with basic sectors;
•Drafts were presented to non-government,
government and other development stakeholders
(UNDP) to elicit comments and recommendations
to improve the report.
MDG SHADOW REPORT 2010
Challenges
SHORT TIME FRAME (3 months)
• Paper of the Indigenous Peoples’ Groups which were
initially included in the line-up of articles was
delayed and not included in the publication due to
the special nuances and more sensitive consultation
needed in coming up with a comprehensive paper on
how IPs view poverty. This needed more time to
process.
STRENGTHS AND GOOD PRACTICES
MDG SHADOW REPORT brings out the VOICES of the
VOICELESS in the achievement of the MDGs
During the launch of the MDG
Shadow Report, the Speaker of the
House of Representatives and the
Senate President pledged more
funds for the MDGs and called on
all legislators and government
agencies to refer to the MDG
Shadow Report in planning,
developing programs and
budgeting
CONCLUSIONS
• A SHADOW REPORT ON MDGs SHOULD:
– Further inform officials and citizens’ groups on
issues that are not revealed or highlighted in the
official MDG report;
– Give visibility to the voices of those living in extreme
poverty;
– Help promote citizen participation in determining
policy decisions and national strategies for the
achievement of MDGs and higher aspirations; and,
– Complement and reinforce government’s efforts to
attain the MDGs by identifying obstacles and
proposing solutions for overcoming them.
Ensuring Local MDG Financing
through Citizens’ MDG Budget
Monitoring Tools
(Citizens’ MDG Budget Monitoring Tool)
Philippines
MDG-F M&E SESSION DE
CASABLANCA WORKSHOP MOROCCO
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
CONTEXT/PHILIPPINES
Total MDG Financing Requirement Philippines
(2010-2015)
Php
Billion
300
MDG Financing Requirement P 276.4
Billion*(abt [email protected]:$1))
250
200
P 156.8 B Poverty
150
P 1.47 B WatSan
100
P 21.3 B Health
50
P 96.8 B Education
Annual Average (2010-2015)
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
CONTEXT/PHILIPPINES
MDG Financing Requirement*
(Average annual 2010-2015)
P 276.4 Billion (abt $6bn+)
On a Per Capita Basis:
With Population of 90 Million
= P 3,071.97
Or $ 71.44
•Non-Personnel Requirements
Sources: PIDS, Manasan
And Social Watch computations
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
CONTEXT/PHILIPPINES
 National statistics on the MDGs do not reveal
stark realities at the community level where
ending poverty and socioeconomic injustice
are far from being realized.
 CSOs may succeed in pushing for increases in
budgetary allocations for the MDGs, but this
does not mean that these budget items are
being released or are actually reaching the
grassroots.
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
DESCRIPTION
OBJECTIVES:
1. Serves as practical guide for LGUs & NGOs
for budget analysis and monitoring
2. Ensure adequate financing to achieve the
MDGs
3. Support advocacy initiatives of local
stakeholders
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
DESCRIPTION
DEVELOPMENT PROCESS: STAGE 1
Data gathering and crunching
Field visits to study areas
Interviews with LGU officials
Consulting resource persons and agencies
Preparing the Toolkit
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
DESCRIPTION
DEVELOPMENT PROCESS: STAGE 2
Presentation of preliminary version of
the Citizens’ MDG Budget Monitoring
Tool to NGOs and Local Government
Units (LGUs)
Getting inputs from NGOs and LGUs
Validation of the Citizens’ MDG
Budget Monitoring Tool
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
DESCRIPTION
IMPLEMENTATION
PROCESS
NEGROS
(Local)
ALBAY
(Local)
NATIONAL
• Pilot testing the
Citizens MDG
Budget Monitoring
Toolkit for Food
Security, Health,
Education,
Livelihood and
Environment
• Replicating the
Toolkit for
Monitoring Climate
Change Adaptation
Budgets
• Campaign on
Monitoring
Financing for MDGs
and Climate Change
Adaptation
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
DESCRIPTION
CONTENT
Part 1: The budget process
and spaces for peoples’
participation
Part 2: Budget Analysis using
the MDG lens
Part 3: Tracking the budget and
citizens’ rating of LGU
performance in terms of MDGs
CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOL
CHALLENGES
Problems encountered:
• Data gaps
• Incomplete documents
Addressed through
• Baseline Research
• Socioeconomic Profiling
• Citizens’ Score Cards
• MDG Budget Analysis
• Case Studies
STRENGTHS AND GOOD PRACTICES
• CITIZENS’ MDG BUDGET MONITORING TOOLS
build the capacity of community stakeholders on
monitoring the budget for the MDGs at the local
level towards measuring impacts of the programs
and budget for MDGs
• CITIZENS MDG BUDGET MONITORING helps
determine areas of socioeconomic services that
needs more focus and funding so that the MDGs
would truly work for the improvement of the
quality of life at the grassroots.
STRENGTHS AND GOOD PRACTICES
• MDG F Themes serve as the benchmarks in
monitoring and measuring the impact of the
implementation of the budget for the MDGs to
the lives of the vulnerable sectors in the
communities.
• MDG F themes provided direction in determining
priorities in terms of programs and budgets to be
closely monitored so that MDGs actually work in
ending poverty at the community level and
ensuring that no marginalized sector will be left
behind in the MDGs
CONCLUSIONS
• Successfully lobbying for increases on the
budget for social development is just the first
step. More crucial is CITIZENS’ BUDGET
MONITORING to ensure that that budgets are
actually released and properly implemented.
• Citizens MDG Budget Monitoring should
include all phases of the budget process –
preparation, legislation, implementation and
accountability
CONCLUSIONS
• The MDG budget monitoring and evaluation results
are based on the realities and priorities of local
stakeholders and thus can serve as a powerful
evidence-based advocacy tool for changing budget
allocations towards critical programs needing more
funding and dedicated efforts by local & national
governments.
• Despite limitations in the budget, Citizens’ MDG
Budget Monitoring is one handle communities can
use to track progress in the achievement of the
MDGs.