The NERC e-Science programme - National e

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Transcript The NERC e-Science programme - National e

Environmental e-Science in the UK
NERC
Keith Haines
BMT Marine Informatics Chair: Reading University
Expertise: Ocean/Atmosphere Data Assimilation
Reading e-Science Centre
www.resc.rdg.ac.uk
China Workshops December 2005
NERC’s Scientific Strategy
Science Priorities
Earth’s life-support systems (water, biogeochemical cycles,
biodiversity, carbon cycle)
Climate Change (prediction, mitigation, quantifying the carbon cycle,
atmospheric composition, ocean circulation, ice caps)
Sustainable economies (sustainable solutions for - energy, land use,
climate change, hazard mitigation, agriculture)
• e-Science is Multidisciplinary
• Promotes Collaborative Research Methods
University Research (including Computer Science)
NERC Research Institutes: British Antarctic Survey, Proudman Ocean Lab…
UK Met Office and Hadley Centre, Environment Agency...
China Workshops December 2005
Applications Projects
Projects
Climateprediction.net
Rounds Round 3 Comp./
Data
1&2
£434k
£284k Comp
Grid for Ocean Diagnostics, Interactive
£858k
Visualisation and Analysis (GODIVA)
Environment from the molecular level (e£1,679k
Minerals)
Grid ENabled Integrated Earth systems
£1,483k
model (GENIE)
The NERC DataGrid
£826k
Data
£1,336k Comp
£1,130k Comp
£722k Data
Grid for Coupled Ensemble Prediction
Studies (GCEPS)
£723k Comp
Global coastal ocean modelling
£736k Comp
Creating a taxonomic e-Science
£533k Data
£5,280k £5,464k
China Workshops December 2005
NERC’s e-Science programme
• 2 Centres of e-Science expertise
• 8 Collaborative Application projects
• e-Science Coordinator : Ned Garnett
[email protected]
China Workshops December 2005
National Institute for
Environmental e-Science
• Focus on promotion and supports the use of e-science and grid
technologies within the UK environmental science community.
• Holds workshops, courses, training events, visitor
programmes, demonstration projects.
• Also attendance from non government
agencies and private sector.
• To date has run 38 events with
over 1,800 attendees.
• Recent delegation from China
Martin Dove: [email protected]
www.niees.ac.uk
China Workshops December 2005
Reading e-Science Centre
• Regional Centre of Excellence in e-Science
• Building on Reading’s Environmental connections
– Met Office, ECMWF, Environment Agency, ESA
– Companies: BMT, Vita Nuova, Barrodale Computing Services
• Contributing to e-Science Middleware
– Styx Grid Services
– CoLinux for Campus Grids
• Ongoing Projects include:
– Web Services for National Centre for Ocean Forecasting Products
www.ncof.gov.uk
– Search and Rescue at SEA (Decision Support Tool)
– Geospatial Database Technology (4D Gridded data in databases)
– Climate Data Analysis Toolbox (CDAT) development
• Enabling technology demostrators
Jon Blower: [email protected]
www.resc.rdg.ac.uk
China Workshops December 2005
5 COMPUTATIONAL GRID PROJECTS
Ensemble Climate Modelling
China Workshops December 2005
• Distributed Global Collaborations
• Hadley climate model cut down to run on single PC (cf. [email protected])
• 105,000 people from 150 countries have donated 10,000 years of
computing time to undertake climate change experiments.
• China >384 participants
www.climateprediction.net
China Workshops December 2005
• Over 2,500 simulations over a 45 year period showed a
possible temperature increase of 2 - 11°C by 2050.
•
•
China Workshops December 2005
Results from 2,579
15 year runs by
climateprediction.net
Results from 127
30 year runs of the
Hadley model on the
Met Office
supercomputer
Regional Behaviour – European Rain and Snowfall
Unpublished analysis from climateprediction.net
Mediterranean Basin
Northern Europe
Winter
Winter
Summer
Summer
Annual
Annual
China Workshops December 2005
GENIE
• Grid-Enabled Integrated Earth System model
• Build fast Earth System model with distributed
components
• Study long-term climate change and
palaeoclimate
• Components for atmosphere, ocean, land,
ice, ocean/land biogeochemistry, ocean
sediments
• Explore model parameter space and forcings
• Novel techniques for model framework,
integration, data management, visualization
www.genie.ac.uk
China Workshops December 2005
Response of Atlantic
circulation to freshwater
forcing
GENIE Computing Resources
Matlab
.m files
Jython
.py files
Geodise Java API
Condor
Native
Java Client
Java CoG
OMII API
Condor
Web Service
Globus
GT2
OMII_1
Services
Flocked Condor Pools
Southampton Condor Pool
Institutional
Resources (GT2)
Imperial Condor Pool
www.genie.ac.uk
China Workshops December 2005
National Grid Service (GT2)
Oxford
Leeds
RAL
Manchester
Grid for Coupled Ensemble Prediction (GCEP)
• Full Hadley Climate models run on PC Clusters (not HPC)
• Initial condition (Ocean, Ice, Land) Ensemble prediction ~10yrs
=>Assimilation<=
eg. Initialised ensemble forecasts of global mean temperature
Other useful
predictions
•Thermohaline strength
•Poleward Ht. transport
•Sea Ice extent
•Nino3, NAO…
•Precipitation
•Snow Cover
•Storm Statistics.
China Workshops December 2005
Hadley Centre Results
Global Coastal Ocean Modelling
(GCOM)
• Coastal seas are 7% of the
ocean surface area but
contribute 30% of biological
production.
• Develop model for the
coastal seas to improve the
understanding of their
contribution to the global
carbon budget.
• Integrate into larger Earth
System models.
Red = depth < 1000m
www.pol.ac.uk/gcom
China Workshops December 2005
e-Minerals
• Model atomic processes involved in environmental issues
(radioactive waste disposal, pollution, weathering).
• Collaboration with British Nuclear Fuels studying
resistance of materials to radioactive decay events.
• High level briefings given to:
– Foundation of Science & Technology
which briefs MPs and Lords
– World Technology Leaders Conference
in Seoul
– Science and Technology in Society forum
in Kyoto in September 2005
Simulation of radiation
damage in the mineral zircon.
www.eminerals.org
China Workshops December 2005
3 DATA GRID PROJECTS
Environmental Data Services
China Workshops December 2005
GODIVA Data Portal
• Grid for Ocean Diagnostics, Interactive
Visualisation and Analysis
• Daily Met Office Marine Forecasts and
gridded research datasets
• National Centre for Ocean Forecasting
• ~3Tb climate model datastore via Web
Services
• Interactive Visualisations inc. Movies
• ~ 30 accesses a day worldwide
• Other GODIVA software produces
3D/4D Visualisations reading data
remotely via Web Services
www.nerc-essc.ac.uk/godiva
China Workshops December 2005
Online Movies
GODIVA Visualisations
• Unstructured Meshes
• Grid Rotation/Interpolation
• GeoSpatial Databases v. Files
(Postgres, IBM, Oracle)
• Perspective 3D Visualisation
• Google maps viewer
China Workshops December 2005
Spin-Offs:
Decision Support Tools and Live Data
• BMTs Search and Rescue at
Sea decision tool linked to
Met Office data with
GODIVA Web Services
• Demonstration for
UK CoastGuard
• New £2.2m DEWS project:
Extend Marine and Health
applications of Met data
China Workshops December 2005
BMTs
SARIS system
BMTs
OSIS system
Spin-Offs:
Styx Grid Services
• Easy-to-use, lightweight
middleware for e-Science
• 5-minute installation
• Expose existing executables as
services
• Run them from the command
line exactly as if they were local
programs
• Create workflows with simple
shell scripts (above right)
• Perform computational steering
and collaborative visualization
(below right)
• http://jstyx.sf.net
daily_means means.nc snapshot*.nc –output-refs
makegif means.nc means.gif
daily_means
snapshot*.nc
China Workshops December 2005
makegif
means.gif
NERC Data Grid
• The DataGrid focuses on federation of
NERC Data Centres
• Grid for data discovery, delivery and use
across sites
• Data can be stored in many different
ways (flat files, databases…)
• Strong focus on Metadata and
Ontologies
• Clear separation between discovery and
use of data.
• Prototype focussing on Atmospheric and
Oceanographic data
www.ndg.nerc.ac.uk
China Workshops December 2005
Creating a Taxonomic e-Science
• Literature scattered over 250 years of
paper publications.
• Data inaccessible other than to
specialist users
• Aim to transfer in toto the taxonomy of
two groups of organisms to the web
(Hawkmoths and Aroids).
• Broad aim: to encourage migration of
taxonomy to the web.
• Provide data for those studying
biodiversity.
• Encourage quality control, peer-review
and the development of “consensus”
taxonomies in the web environment.
• Develop means of citation for webbased revisions
The Hawkmoth Sphinx caligineus Arisaema
candidissimum
sinicus from Beijing, China.
Photo : RBG Kew
Photo: Tony Pittaway
China Workshops December 2005
Environmental e-Science needs
• Geospatial Data Grids
– Large data (Tb Model output – Pb Satellite)
– Good Geospatial tools (GIS) and standards for extension to 4D
atmosphere/ocean data
– Advanced remote visualisation (movies; perspective 3D)
• Computational Grids
– Ensemble modelling increasingly important (Climate/Earth system) =>
HPC not critical: distributed resources OK (large data volumes)
– Statistical prediction tools (averaging over atmospheric chaos)
– Legacy model codes need to run multi-platform
• Distributed Data/Modelling Expertise
– Taxonomy
– Earth System modelling (Atmos. Ocean, Land, Ice, Biology, Chemistry…)
China Workshops December 2005
Summary
• NERC e-Science projects are “application-oriented” – i.e. close to end
users
• Good opportunities to engage Government Agencies and Commercial
Community
–
–
–
–
Live Environmental Data
Extreme event warnings; Disaster management tools (eg. oil spills)
Commercial Decision Support tools : Tailored products and services
Software companies for databases and GIS
• Environmental Middleware/Software tools Globally Applicable
– International Collaborations, (eg. GIS, Metadata Standards,…)
– Met Office; ECMWF; Environment Agency, Maritime Companies;
Seasonal Forecasting, ESA…..
China Workshops December 2005