Chapters 24 and 25 Study Notes:

download report

Transcript Chapters 24 and 25 Study Notes:

Chapters 24 and 25
Study Notes:
Weather and Climate
1
► Mature,
______, and dissipating are
the stages of a ___________.
 cumulus
 thunderstorm
2
►A
tornado takes a ______ path if it
touches down.
 haphazard
3
►A
weather event in which the air ____
and flows outward from a center of
high pressure, and that brings dry
weather is an ________.
 sinks
 anticyclone
4
►A
______ begins when warm, moist air
rises rapidly and the moisture
condenses, releasing energy in the
form of _____ _____.
 hurricane
 latent heat.
5
► Doppler
radar and satellite images
provide information to create _______
________.
 weather models.
6
► Weather
stations report data to
_________ centers.
 collection
7
► Meteorologists
have tried to control
________ with freezing nuclei.
 hurricanes
8
► Symbols
and colors communicate
weather data on a ________ ______.
 station model.
9
map symbols H and L indicate
air ______ centers.
► Weather
 pressure
10
► When
a ____ forms in a cold front, it
begins the process of creating an area
of low pressure with _____ wind that
moves toward the rising air of the
central low-pressure region—a storm
known as a _______ cyclone.
 bend
 rotating
 midlatitude
11
► Weather
centers all over the world
_____ their data with other centers.
 exchange
12
► Scientists
use ____ and _____ to
convey information on a weather map.
 colors
 symbols
13
► Meteorologists
have tried to control all
of the following types of weather
EXCEPT _____.
 cyclones
14
► _______
use computer models to help
them make _______ from data they
have input into computers.
 Meteorologists
 forecasts
15
► Storms
along a ____ front are usually
short-lived and sometimes ______,
while storms along a warm front
produce precipitation over a _____
area, and are sometimes violent.
 cold
 violent
 large
16
► One
weather event that scientists have
_____ tried to control is ________.
 NOT
 tornadoes.
17
►A
front that forms when a cold air
mass _______ a warm air mass and
lifts the warm air mass off the ground
and over another air mass is called a
_____ front.
 overtakes
 occluded
18
► _____
does NOT change as a result of
general circulation models.
 Climate
19
► Changes
in ___-_____, precipitation,
and global ______ are all possible
impacts of climate change.
 sea-level
 warming
20
► Sea-floor
_______ measures
concentrations of 18O to determine
past climate changes.
 sediment
21
► Thin
tree rings indicate ____ weather
and ____ rainfall.
 cool
 less
22
► Using
public _________ , driving a
_____ car, and recycling will help
reduce CO2 _____ in the atmosphere.
 transportation
 hybrid
 levels
23
► Global_____,
weather pattern
changes, and increased _______ can
all be caused by _____ change.
 warming
 precipitation
 climate
24
► Changes
in Earth’s ____, tilt on axis,
and wobbling on ____ are factors that
could cause climate change according
to the _________ _____.
 orbit
 axis
 Milankovitch theory
The End???